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Thermodinamics & Kinetics

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  • Course Description

    This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions. Acknowledgements The material for 5.60 has evolved over a period of many years, and therefore several faculty members have contributed to the development of the course contents. The following are known to have assisted in preparing the lecture notes available on OpenCourseWare: Emeritus Professors of Chemistry: Robert A. Alberty, Carl W. Garland, Irwin Oppenheim, John S. Waugh. Professors of Chemistry: Moungi Bawendi, John M. Deutch, Robert W. Field, Robert G. Griffin, Keith A. Nelson, Robert J. Silbey, Jeffrey I. Steinfeld. Professor of Bioengineering and Computer Science: Bruce Tidor. Professor of Chemistry, Rice University: James L. Kinsey. Professor of Physics, University of Illinois: Philip W. Phillips.

    About Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi Bawendi

    Prof. Moungi Bawendi received his A.B. in 1982 from Harvard University and his Ph.D. in chemistry in 1988 from The University of Chicago. His PhD research focused on the theory of polymers and the experimental infrared spectroscopy of molecular ions of astrophysical interest. This was followed by two years of postdoctoral research at Bell Laboratories, working with Dr. Louis Brus, where he began his studies on nanomaterials. Bawendi joined the faculty at MIT in 1990, becoming Associate Professor in 1995 and Professor in 1996. He has followed an interdisciplinary research program that aims at probing the science and developing the technology of chemically synthesized nanocrystals. Among his awards are MIT graduate and undergraduate teaching awards, the Coblentz Award for Molecular Spectroscopy, the Harvard Chemistry Department Wilson Prize, the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Prize in the Physical Sciences, the EO Lawrence award in Materials Chemistry from the US Department of Energy, the Fred Kavli Distinguished Lecture in Nanoscience from the Materials Research Society, and the American Chemical Society Award in Colloid and Surface Chemistry. Prof. Bawendi is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

    Note: Contents for this page are Licensed from http://ocw.mit.edu under the Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license.

    School
    Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Course Code
    5.60

    Date Taught
    Spring/Summer 2008

    Level
    Undergraduate (First Year)
  • Course Meeting Times

    Lectures: 3 sessions / week, 1 hour / session

    Recitations: 2 sessions / week, 1 hour / session

    Overview

    This subject deals with both chemical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics. The material that will be covered in this subject is intended to provide you with the tools and understanding to handle basic problems involving chemical systems at equilibrium and rates of simple chemical reactions.

    Textbook

    Amazon logo Silbey, R., R. Alberty, and M. Bawendi. Physical Chemistry. 4th ed. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons, 2004. ISBN: 9780471215042.

    Other Resources

    Amazon logo Atkins, P., and J. de Paula. Physical Chemistry. 7th ed. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Company, 2001. ISBN: 9780716735397.

    Amazon logo Castellan, G. Physical Chemistry. 3rd ed. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1983. ISBN: 9780201103861.

    Amazon logo Houston, P. Chemical Kinetics and Reaction Dynamics. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2001. ISBN: 9780072435375.

    Examinations

    There will be three one-hour examinations during the term and a final examination. The exams will be closed-notes and closed-book unless otherwise announced. Tutorial reviews will be held prior to each exam.

    Homework

    Problems will be assigned every week. Late problem sets are not accepted. Homework will be graded by the recitation instructor and returned in recitation.

    Grading

    Grades for the subject will be based on a total of 600 points:

    ACTIVITIES POINTS
    Three one-hour exams 100 (each)
    Homework 100
    Final exam 200

    Calendar

    SES # TOPICS KEY DATES
    1 State of a system, 0th law, equation of state  
    2 Work, heat, first law  
    3 Internal energy, expansion work  
    4 Enthalpy  
    5 Adiabatic changes Problem set 1 due
    6 Thermochemistry  
    7 Calorimetry  
    8 Second law Problem set 2 due
    9 Entropy and the Clausius inequality  
    10 Entropy and irreversibility  
    11 Fundamental equation, absolute S, third law Problem set 3 due
    12 Criteria for spontaneous change  
      First hour exam  
    13 Gibbs free energy  
    14 Multicomponent systems, chemical potential  
    15 Chemical equilibrium  
    16 Temperature, pressure and Kp Problem set 4 due
    17 Equilibrium: application to drug design  
    18 Phase equilibria — one component  
    19 Clausius-Clapeyron equation Problem set 5 due
    20 Phase equilibria — two components  
      Second hour exam  
    21 Ideal solutions  
    22 Non-ideal solutions  
    23 Colligative properties  
    24 Introduction to statistical mechanics Problem set 6 due
    25 Partition function (q) — large N limit  
    26 Partition function (Q) — many particles  
    27 Statistical mechanics and discrete energy levels Problem set 7 due
    28 Model systems  
    29 Applications: chemical and phase equilibria Problem set 8 due
    30 Introduction to reaction kinetics  
      Third hour exam  
    31 Complex reactions and mechanisms  
    32 Steady-state and equilibrium approximations  
    33 Chain reactions  
    34 Temperature dependence, Ea, catalysis Problem set 9 due
    35 Enzyme catalysis  
    36 Autocatalysis and oscillators  
      Final exam  
  • Lectures
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 1 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 2 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 3 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 4 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 5 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 6 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 7 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 8 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 9 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 10 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 11 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 12 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 13 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 14 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 15 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 16 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 17 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 18 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 19 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 20 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 21 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 22 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 23 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 24 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 25 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 26 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 27 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 29 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 30 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 31 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 32 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 33 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 34 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 35 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
    Thermodynamics & Kinetics - Lecture 36 - Prof. Keith A. Nelson, Prof. Moungi BawendiView
  • DescriptionTypeLink
    Exam 1 InformationDownloadClick
    Exam 2 InformationDownloadClick
    Exam 3 InformationDownloadClick
    Final exam reviewDownloadClick
    Math review for finalDownloadClick
  • DescriptionTypeLink
    Course Materials DownloadDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 1 - State of a system, 0th law, equation of stateDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 2 - Work, heat, first lawDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 3 - Internal energy, expansion workDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 4 - EnthalpyDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 5 - Adiabatic changesDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 6 - ThermochemistryDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 7 - CalorimetryDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 8 - Second lawDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 9 - Entropy and the Clausius inequalityDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 10 - Entropy and irreversibilityDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 11 - Fundamental equation, absolute S, third lawDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 12 - Criteria for spontaneous changeDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 13 - Gibbs free energyDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 14 - Multicomponent systems, chemical potentialDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 15 - Chemical equilibriumDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 16 - Temperature, pressure and KpDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 17 - Equilibrium: application to drug designDownloadClick
    Lecture 18 - Phase equilibria — one componentDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 19 - Clausius-Clapeyron equationDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 20 - Phase equilibria — two componentsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 21 - Ideal solutionsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 22 - Non-ideal solutionsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 23 - Colligative propertiesDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 24 - Introduction to statistical mechanicsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 25 - Partition function (q) — large N limitDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 26&27 Partition function (Q) — many particlesDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 28 - Model systemsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 29 - Applications: chemical and phase equilibriaDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 30 - Introduction to reaction kineticsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 31 - Complex reactions and mechanismsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 32 - Steady-state and equilibrium approximationsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 33 - Chain reactionsDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 34 - Temperature dependence, Ea, catalysisDownloadClick
    Lecture Note 35 - Enzyme catalysisDownloadClick
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