International Year of Chemistry, 2011

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization IUPAC - International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

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International Year of Chemistry 2011

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Materials: Atom to Molecule

Activity by Sanjay Thakare   |   added on Dec 09, 2011   |   India Official_iyc_logo

Sponsor(s): UGC and college management

This December 16th, 2011 gathering will be discussed the current trends in the chemistry research and main emphasis is on the facts abouts the role of mateials chemistry in the development of country in a large and mankind in specific. The main focus on catalysis, energy and environment.

All known matter gas, liquid and solid is composed of the chemical elements or of compounds made  from  those elements.  Humankind's understanding of the material nature of our world is grounded in our knowledge of chemistry. Indeed  all  living  processes  are  controlled  by  chemical  reactions.  The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and UNESCO strongly believe  that  it  is  time  to celebrate  the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to the well-being of humankind. At its General Assembly in Turin,  Italy  in August 2007,  IUPAC unanimously approved a  resolution  in favor of  the proclamation of 2011 as  the Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood,  cement,  hydrogen,  air  and  water  are  all  examples  of  materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties  that are used as  inputs  to production or manufacturing.
Modern  society  is  heavily  dependent  on  advanced  materials  such  as lightweight  composites  for  transport  applications,  optical  fibres  for telecommunications and  silicon microchips  for  the  information  revolution. Materials  scientists  study  the  relationships  between  the  structure  and properties of a material and how  it  is made. They also develop new materials to meet engineering specifications, and devise processes for manufacturing them.  Solid  State  Chemistry  encompasses  a  healthy  interface  between chemistry,  physics  and  biology.  Conventionally,  a  study  of  synthesis, structure and properties of solid compounds constitutes solid state chemistry and there has been considerable effort in classifying the solids based on the observed  properties. A  solid Endowed with  useful  properties  becomes  a material that could have practical applications. The discovery of transistor behavior, which revolutionized the thinking process with regard to the solids, could  be  taken  as  an  important  step  in  this  direction.  The more  recent discovery of superconductivity in compounds based on copper oxides is a landmark event  in solid state chemistry.
Tailoring speci?c property  in solids (electrical, magnetic, dielectric, etc.)  is important from the point of view of utilising the solid as a material. Recent developments  have  provided  a  variety  of  new  materials  that  include thermoelectric materials , superconducting materials, ferroelectric materials (multi-ferroic materials), materials for hydrogen storage (energy materials)   inorganic-organic hybrid materials  and materials  for other  related properties.
The new coin of  the material  is a nanomateial having  tremendous potential.
The  scope  and  application  of material  science  is  tremendous  and mind-boggling.  According  to  a  NASSCOM  report,  the  worldwide  market  for nanotechnology is estimated to touch $891 billion by 2015 from the current level of $180 billion. This sector  is also expected  to create 12 million new  jobs by 2015  in electronics, healthcare and other  industries.
This Conference will provide a platform  for young  researchers  from all disciplines  to  interact with eminent scientists  from  India.

Topic: conferences, celebrating chemistry, chemistry education, sustainable and green chemistry Audience: students, professional chemists, professors, educators, teachers, research scientists, universities, industrial chemists, post graduate students, women chemists, educational institutions, decision makers
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