Materials: Atom to MoleculeActivity by Sanjay Thakare | added on Dec 09, 2011 | India
Sponsor(s): UGC and college management
This December 16th, 2011 gathering will be discussed the current trends in the chemistry research and main emphasis is on the facts abouts the role of mateials chemistry in the development of country in a large and mankind in specific. The main focus on catalysis, energy and environment.
All known matter gas, liquid and solid is composed of the chemical elements or of compounds made from those elements. Humankind's understanding of the material nature of our world is grounded in our knowledge of chemistry. Indeed all living processes are controlled by chemical reactions. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and UNESCO strongly believe that it is time to celebrate the achievements of chemistry and its contributions to the well-being of humankind. At its General Assembly in Turin, Italy in August 2007, IUPAC unanimously approved a resolution in favor of the proclamation of 2011 as the Material is anything made of matter, constituted of one or more substances. Wood, cement, hydrogen, air and water are all examples of materials. Sometimes the term "material" is used more narrowly to refer to substances or components with certain physical properties that are used as inputs to production or manufacturing.
Modern society is heavily dependent on advanced materials such as lightweight composites for transport applications, optical fibres for telecommunications and silicon microchips for the information revolution. Materials scientists study the relationships between the structure and properties of a material and how it is made. They also develop new materials to meet engineering specifications, and devise processes for manufacturing them. Solid State Chemistry encompasses a healthy interface between chemistry, physics and biology. Conventionally, a study of synthesis, structure and properties of solid compounds constitutes solid state chemistry and there has been considerable effort in classifying the solids based on the observed properties. A solid Endowed with useful properties becomes a material that could have practical applications. The discovery of transistor behavior, which revolutionized the thinking process with regard to the solids, could be taken as an important step in this direction. The more recent discovery of superconductivity in compounds based on copper oxides is a landmark event in solid state chemistry.
Tailoring speci?c property in solids (electrical, magnetic, dielectric, etc.) is important from the point of view of utilising the solid as a material. Recent developments have provided a variety of new materials that include thermoelectric materials , superconducting materials, ferroelectric materials (multi-ferroic materials), materials for hydrogen storage (energy materials) inorganic-organic hybrid materials and materials for other related properties.
The new coin of the material is a nanomateial having tremendous potential.
The scope and application of material science is tremendous and mind-boggling. According to a NASSCOM report, the worldwide market for nanotechnology is estimated to touch $891 billion by 2015 from the current level of $180 billion. This sector is also expected to create 12 million new jobs by 2015 in electronics, healthcare and other industries.
This Conference will provide a platform for young researchers from all disciplines to interact with eminent scientists from India.