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News articles about "Water"

Trees use water more efficiently as atmospheric carbon dioxide rises

Atmospheric
Spurred by increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide forests over the last two decades have become dramatically more efficient in how they use water a Harvard study has found Studies have long predicted that plants ... - Read More

A new way to trap light: Phenomenon could lead to new types of lasers and sensors

Light, Light
There are several ways to trap a beam of light usually with mirrors other reflective surfaces or high tech materials such as photonic crystals But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method to ... - Read More

Space station illuminates dusty plasmas for a wide range of research

Space
One of the most frequently used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments The Plasma Kristall Experiment PK 3 Plus lab a Russian German cooperation in operation since ... - Read More

Supercooled water transforms into new form of liquid

Water, Water, Water
Researchers at the University of Arkansas have identified that water when chilled to a very low temperature transforms into a new form of liquid Through a simulation performed in “supercooled” water a research team led ... - Read More

Researchers Identify Transformation in Low-Temperature Water

Researchers at the University of Arkansas have identified that water when chilled to a very low temperature transforms into a new form of liquid Through a simulation performed in “supercooled” water a research team led ... - Read More

Chemical/bioengineers use adhesion to combine advantages of silicones and organic materials

Introductory chemistry students learn that oil and water repel each other So do other hydrophobic substances which carry no electric charge and hydrophilic substances which carry an electric charge that allows them to mix with ... - Read More

Deserts 'greening' from rising carbon dioxide: Green foliage boosted across the world's arid regions

Green
Increased levels of carbon dioxide CO2 have helped boost green foliage across the world's arid regions over the past 30 years through a process called CO2 fertilisation according to CSIRO research In findings based on ... - Read More

Researchers warn of legacy mercury in the environment

Environment, Mercury
Environmental researchers at Harvard University have published evidence that significant reductions in mercury emissions will be necessary just to stabilize current levels of the toxic element in the environment So much mercury persists in surface ... - Read More

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Not-weak knots bolster carbon fiber

Carbon, carbon
Large flakes of graphene oxide are the essential ingredient in a new recipe for robust carbon fiber created at Rice University The fiber spun at Rice is unique for the strength of its knots Most ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Designer droplets open new possibilities

By designing droplets using electricity researchers have created a technique that could possibly be used for everything from extracting oil from wells to creating makeup and food You've seen Hollandaise sauce or mayonnaise that has ... - Read More

Treating oil spills with chemical dispersants: Is the cure worse than the ailment?

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
Treating oil spills at sea with chemical dispersants is detrimental to European sea bass A new study to be presented at the Society for Experimental Biology meeting in Valencia on July 6 suggests that although ... - Read More

Alternative energy: A cooler way to clean hydrogen

A process known as ethanol steam reforming is creating opportunities for fuel cell researchers thanks to the recent rise of the bioethanol industry This technique generates hydrogen gas H2 directly within fuel cell systems onboard ... - Read More

Fluorescent fingerprint tag aims to increase IDs from 'hidden' prints on bullets and knives

Film
A new way of detecting and visualizing fingerprints from crime scenes using colour changing fluorescent films could lead to higher confidence identifications from latent hidden fingerprints on knives guns bullet casings and other metal surfaces ... - Read More

Solving electron transfer

Electron transfer is a process by which an atom donates an electron to another atom It is the foundation of all chemical reactions and is of intense research because of the implications it has for ... - Read More

New Catalyst Could Cut Cost of Making Hydrogen Fuel

Released 7 2 2013 2 15 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Wisconsin Madison more news from this source Jul 2 2013 MADISON – A discovery at the University of Wisconsin Madison may represent a significant ... - Read More

Diamond Catalyst Shows Promise in Breaching Age-Old Barrier

as a potential new catalyst for the reduction process Diamond the Wisconsin team found can facilitate the reduction of nitrogen to ammonia under ambient temperatures and pressures Like all chemical reactions the reduction of nitrogen ... - Read More

Major changes needed for coral reef survival

Ocean, Ocean
To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira They find that all existing coral ... - Read More

New iron catalyst promises green future for hydrogenation

Hydrogenation, Catalyst, Green
A new iron nanoparticle catalyst developed by researchers in Japan and Canada promises to drastically improve the efficiency of hydrogenation a key chemical process used in a wide array of industrial applications Cleaner safer and ... - Read More
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