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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Water"

Watching catalysts at work at the atomic scale

Atomic, Catalysts
Developing materials with novel catalytic properties is one of the most important tasks in energy research It is especially important to understand the dynamic processes involved in catalysis at the atomic scale such as the ... - Read More

New nuclear fuel-rod cladding could lead to safer power plants

In the aftermath of Japan's earthquake and tsunami in March 2011 the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant was initially driven into shutdown by the magnitude 9.0 quake its emergency generators then failed because they were inundated ... - Read More

New techniques use lasers, LEDs, and optics to 'see' under the skin

Impressive examples of new non invasive optical techniques using lasers light emitting diodes LEDs and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed ... - Read More

Researchers put squeeze on cells to deliver

cells, cells
Imagine being able to redirect powerful immune cells to fight cancer How about reprogramming a diabetic's skin cell into a cell that could manufacture the insulin their pancreas no longer produces Could we dial down ... - Read More

Off-grid sterilization with 'solar steam'

Heat
Rice University nanotechnology researchers have unveiled a solar powered sterilization system that could be a boon for more than 2.5 billion people who lack adequate sanitation The solar steam sterilization system uses nanomaterials to convert ... - Read More

Protons hop from one water molecule to another given suitable energy conditions

Molecule, molecule
Protons as positively charged hydrogen ions move very rapidly in water from one water molecule to the next which is why the conductivity of water is relatively high The principle of proton conduction in water ... - Read More

It's not just the heat, it's the ozone: Hidden heat wave dangers exposed

Heat
During heat waves when ozone production rises plants' ozone absorption is curtailed leaving more pollution in the air This resulted in the loss of an estimated 460 lives in the UK in the hot summer ... - Read More

Purple sunlight eaters: Microorganisms found in salt flats could offer new path to green hydrogen fuel

Salt, Fuel, Green, Microorganisms
A protein found in the membranes of ancient microorganisms that live in desert salt flats could offer a new way of using sunlight to generate environmentally friendly hydrogen fuel according to a new study by ... - Read More

Evaporation: Tiny temperature differences are primary driving force in droplet evaporation

Evaporation
Evaporation is so common that everybody thinks it's a well understood phenomenon Appearances can be however deceptive Recently a new earlier not predicted mechanism of evaporation was discovered Experiments and simulations performed at the Institute ... - Read More

Computing toxic chemicals

A new computational method for working out in advance whether a chemical will be toxic will be reporting in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics There is increasing pressure ... - Read More

BPA and chlorine means bad news: Modified forms of bisphenol A found to alter hormone signaling in new, disturbing ways

Hormone, bisphenol A, BPA
The ubiquity of the endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A led researchers to ask what it might be doing in publicly supplied chlorinated drinking water The answer Chlorinated BPA has different but no less profound effects ... - Read More

In the zone: How scientists search for habitable planets

Planets
There is only one planet we know of so far that is drenched with life That planet is Earth as you may have guessed and it has all the right conditions for critters to thrive ... - Read More

'Impossible' material made with record-breaking surface area and water adsorption abilities

Material, Adsorption, Adsorption, Material
A novel material with world record breaking surface area and water adsorption abilities has been synthesized by researchers from Uppsala University Sweden The results are published today in PLOS ONE The magnesium carbonate material that ... - Read More

Long-buried seawall protected homes from Hurricane Sandy's record storm surge

Engineering
Picture two residential beach communities on the New Jersey shore Bay Head and Mantoloking which sit side by side in Ocean County on a narrow barrier island that separates the Atlantic Ocean and Barnegat Bay ... - Read More

New thermocell could harvest 'waste heat' from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes

Heat
Harvesting waste heat from power stations and even vehicle exhaust pipes could soon provide a valuable supply of electricity A small team of Monash University researchers working under the Australian Research Council ARC Centre of ... - Read More

Finding the keys to boiling heat transfer

A team of MIT researchers has succeeded in carrying out the first systematic investigation of the factors that control boiling heat transfer from a surface to a liquid This process is crucial to the efficiency ... - Read More

Levitation: Droplets surfing on sound waves

Sound, Sound waves
ETH researchers are able to make objects such as particles and liquid droplets fly in mid air by letting them ride on acoustic waves For the first time they have been able to also control ... - Read More

Artificial organelles transform free radicals into water and oxygen

Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully developed artificial organelles that are able to support the reduction of toxic oxygen compounds This opens up new ways in the development of novel drugs that can ... - Read More

Race for new temperature definition: Most accurate measurement yet of Boltzmann constant

Temperature, temperature
Scientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory NPL have performed the most accurate measurement yet of the Boltzmann constant While the impact of such an achievement is not immediately obvious the measurement could revolutionise the ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More
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