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News articles about "Water"

Efficient and inexpensive: Researchers develop catalyst material for fuel cells

Catalyst, Fuel, Fuel cells
Efficient robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology Scientists from Jülich and Berlin have developed a material for converting hydrogen and oxygen to water using a ... - Read More

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'

Catalyst, Polymer
Due to the fluctuating availability of solar energy storage solutions are urgently needed One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis in the process ... - Read More

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More

Secrets of biological soil crusts uncovered

biological
They lie dormant for years but at the first sign of favorable conditions they awaken This sounds like the tagline for a science fiction movie but it describes the amazing life cycles of microbial organisms ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

Autonomous energy-scavenging micro devices will test water quality, monitor bridges, more

Water, Water, Water
Out in the wilds or anywhere off the grid sophisticated instruments small enough to fit in a shirt pocket will one day scavenge power from sunlight body heat or other sources to monitor water quality ... - Read More

Unzipped nanotubes unlock potential for batteries

Battery
Researchers at Rice University have come up with a new way to boost the efficiency of the ubiquitous lithium ion LI battery by employing ribbons of graphene that start as carbon nanotubes Proof of concept ... - Read More

New catalyst neutralizes gases responsible for climate change

Catalyst
New technology developed by the Research Group in Carbon Materials and Environmental prevents nitrous oxide decomposing it into nontoxic products The catalytic system is active efficient and stable over time and can purify gases emitted ... - Read More

Nanoparticle opens the door to clean-energy alternatives

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
Cheaper clean energy technologies could be made possible thanks to a new discovery Led by Raymond Schaak a professor of chemistry at Penn State University research team members have found that an important chemical reaction ... - Read More

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics

New material
When you squeeze something it gets smaller Unless you're at Argonne National Laboratory At the suburban Chicago laboratory a group of scientists has seemingly defied the laws of physics and found a way to apply ... - Read More

Molecular 'sieves' harness ultraviolet irradiation for greener power generation

Irradiation
New research shows that exposing polymer molecular sieve membranes to ultraviolet UV irradiation in the presence of oxygen produces highly permeable and selective membranes for more efficient molecular level separation an essential process in everything ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

Rapid adaptation is purple sea urchins' weapon against ocean acidification

sea
In the race against climate change and ocean acidification some sea urchins may still have a few tricks up their spiny sleeves suggesting that adaptation will likely play a large role for the sea creatures ... - Read More

Deep biosphere harbors active, growing communities of microorganisms

Microorganisms, Biosphere
The deep biosphere the realm of sediments far below the seafloor harbors a vast ecosystem of bacteria archaea and fungi that are actively metabolizing proliferating and moving according a new study by scientists at Woods ... - Read More

Filmmaking magic with polymers

Polymers, Polymers, Polymers, polymers
Think about windows coated with transparent film that absorbs harmful ultraviolet sunrays and uses them to generate electricity Consider a water filtration membrane that blocks viruses and other microorganisms from water or an electric car ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

Life underground: Microbes active far beneath seafloor

Microbes are living more than 500 feet beneath the seafloor in 5 million year old sediment according to new findings by researchers at the University of Delaware and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Genetic material ... - Read More

Is a sleeping climate giant stirring in the Arctic?

Climate, climate
Flying low and slow above the wild pristine terrain of Alaska's North Slope in a specially instrumented NASA plane research scientist Charles Miller of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena Calif surveys the endless whiteness of ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More
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