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News articles about "Neutron"

Neutron crystallography resolves long-standing molecular mystery

An international team of researchers led by the University of Leicester has solved a long standing mystery in biology by identifying the molecular structure of a vital biological chemical The debate which has raged within ... - Read More

Reigning in chaos in particle colliders yields big results

When beams with trillions of particles go zipping around at near light speed there's bound to be some chaos Limiting that chaos in particle colliders is crucial for the groundbreaking results such experiments are designed ... - Read More

Team develops a geothermometer for methane formation

Methane is a simple molecule consisting of just one carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms But that simplicity belies the complex role the molecule plays on Earth it is an important greenhouse gas is ... - Read More

New phase in iron-based superconductors discovered

Scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a previously unknown phase in a class of superconductors called iron arsenides This sheds light on a debate over the interactions between ... - Read More

Approaching the island of stability: Observation of the superheavy element 117

The periodic table of the elements is to get crowded towards its heaviest members Evidence for the artificial creation of element 117 has recently been obtained at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research ... - Read More

Halving hydrogen: First view of nature-inspired catalyst after ripping hydrogen apart provides insights for better fuel cells

Like a hungry diner ripping open a dinner roll a fuel cell catalyst that converts hydrogen into electricity must tear open a hydrogen molecule Now researchers have captured a view of such a catalyst holding ... - Read More

Halving Hydrogen

Released 4 23 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Pacific Northwest National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Angewandte Chemie International EditionApr 24 2014 RICHLAND Wash ... - Read More

Organic chemical origins in hydrothermal systems

Organic, organic, Organic
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More

Viewing macro behaviors of ultra-cold quantum gases through the micro-world

Understanding collective behavior of ultra cold quantum gases is of great interest since it is intimately related to many encountered systems in nature such as human behavior swarms of birds traffic jam sand dunes neutron ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

Better water purification with seeds from moringa trees

Purification
Seeds from Moringa oleifera trees can be used to purify water Uppsala University leads a research group which has discovered that seed material can give a more efficient purification process than conventional synthetic materials in ... - Read More

Mystery of neutron stars heats up: Previously unknown layers where rapid neutrino cooling occurs

Until now scientists were pretty sure they knew how the surface of a neutron star a super dense star that forms when a large star explodes and its core collapses into itself can heat itself ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

Rattling ions limit heat flow in materials used to reduce carbon emissions

A new study published today in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy Led by scientists ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

Fluorescent fingerprint tag aims to increase IDs from 'hidden' prints on bullets and knives

Film
A new way of detecting and visualizing fingerprints from crime scenes using colour changing fluorescent films could lead to higher confidence identifications from latent hidden fingerprints on knives guns bullet casings and other metal surfaces ... - Read More

Formula for turning cement into 'metal'

Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass, Glass
In a move that would make the Alchemists of King Arthur's time green with envy scientists have unraveled the formula for turning liquid cement into liquid metal This makes cement a semi conductor and opens ... - Read More

New filtration material could make petroleum refining cheaper, more efficient

Petroleum, Refining
A newly synthesized material might provide a dramatically improved method for separating the highest octane components of gasoline Measurements at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have clarified why The research team which ... - Read More

Observation of second sound in a quantum gas

Sound, Gas
Second sound is a quantum mechanical phenomenon which has been observed only in superfluid helium Physicists from the University of Innsbruck Austria in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Trento Italy have now proven ... - Read More
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