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News articles about "Extraction"

Scientists Get to the Heart of Fool's Gold as a Solar Material

could be 1 000 times thinner than silicon and still efficiently absorb sunlight Like silicon iron and sulfur are common elements in the Earth's crust so solar cells made of iron pyrite could have a ... - Read More

New techniques to control cork stoppers

Researchers at UPM INIA CIFRO and the Universidad de Córdoba have shown that the application of infrared spectroscopy techniques can enhance the control of parameters that determine the cork performance in a bottle A team ... - Read More

New technique yields fast results in drug, biomedical testing

A new technique makes it possible to quickly detect the presence of drugs or to monitor certain medical conditions using only a single drop of blood or urine representing a potential tool for clinicians and ... - Read More

Low-carbon energy future is clean, feasible

A future where electricity comes mostly from low carbon sources is not only feasible in terms of material demand but will significantly reduce air pollution a study published in the 6 October Proceedings of the ... - Read More

Exotic matter: A closer look at the perfect fluid sheds light on what happened microseconds after the Big Bang

By combining data from two high energy accelerators nuclear scientists have refined the measurement of a remarkable property of exotic matter known as quark gluon plasma The findings reveal new aspects of the ultra hot ... - Read More

Wintertime ozone pollution in Utah oil and gas fields explained

Chemicals released into the air by oil and gas exploration extraction and related activities can spark reactions that lead to high levels of ozone in wintertime high enough to exceed federal health standards according to ... - Read More

Solid-State Chemistry

Released 1 Aug 2014 9 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Aug 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

Deep within spinach leaves, vibrations enhance efficiency of photosynthesis

Biophysics researchers at the University of Michigan have used short pulses of light to peer into the mechanics of photosynthesis and illuminate the role that molecule vibrations play in the energy conversion process that powers ... - Read More

Interlayer distance in graphite oxide gradually changes when water is added

Physicists from Umeå University and Humboldt University in Berlin have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for half a century They show with the help of powerful microscopes that the distance between graphite oxide ... - Read More

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

New Method Is a Thousand Times More Sensitive to Performance-Enhancing Drugs

especially in the case of stimulants which the body rapidly breaks down Stimulants like amphetamine or “speed ” increase alertness and reduce an athlete’s sense of fatigue The method Armstrong’s lab has pioneered called paired ... - Read More

Recovering metals and minerals from waste

Scarcity of clean water is one of the most serious global challenges In its spearhead programme VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed energy efficient methods for reuse of water in industrial processes and means ... - Read More

New study: US power plant emissions down

Emissions
Power plants that use natural gas and a new technology to squeeze more energy from the fuel release far less of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide than coal fired power plants do according to a ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Can we turn unwanted carbon dioxide into electricity?

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Researchers are developing a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide CO2 underground and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation by at least 10 times ... - Read More

The next big thing in the energy sector: Photovoltaic generated DC electricity

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Energy consumption continues to grow The costs of generation and transmission of energy must come down for the increased consumption to be sustainable Energy must be generated without depleting resources without causing pollution and without ... - Read More

Bringing out the best in X-ray crystallography data

X-ray crystallography, Crystallography, X-ray
Function follows form might have been written to describe proteins as the M C Escher esque folds and twists of nature's workhorse biomolecules enables each to carry out its specific responsibilities Technology's workhorse for determining ... - Read More
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