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News articles about "Extraction"

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

Deep within spinach leaves, vibrations enhance efficiency of photosynthesis

Biophysics researchers at the University of Michigan have used short pulses of light to peer into the mechanics of photosynthesis and illuminate the role that molecule vibrations play in the energy conversion process that powers ... - Read More

Interlayer distance in graphite oxide gradually changes when water is added

Physicists from Umeå University and Humboldt University in Berlin have solved a mystery that has puzzled scientists for half a century They show with the help of powerful microscopes that the distance between graphite oxide ... - Read More

Reducing emissions will be primary way to fight climate change, study finds

Forget about positioning giant mirrors in space to reduce the amount of sunlight being trapped in Earth's atmosphere or seeding clouds to reduce the amount of light entering earth's atmosphere Those approaches to climate engineering ... - Read More

Algae may be a potential source of biofuels and biochemicals even in cool climate

Algae are organisms useful in many ways in the transition towards a bio economy Even in a cool climate as in Finland algae might be used to produce biochemicals and biofuels besides use in capture ... - Read More

New Method Is a Thousand Times More Sensitive to Performance-Enhancing Drugs

especially in the case of stimulants which the body rapidly breaks down Stimulants like amphetamine or “speed ” increase alertness and reduce an athlete’s sense of fatigue The method Armstrong’s lab has pioneered called paired ... - Read More

Recovering metals and minerals from waste

Scarcity of clean water is one of the most serious global challenges In its spearhead programme VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed energy efficient methods for reuse of water in industrial processes and means ... - Read More

New study: US power plant emissions down

Emissions
Power plants that use natural gas and a new technology to squeeze more energy from the fuel release far less of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide than coal fired power plants do according to a ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Can we turn unwanted carbon dioxide into electricity?

Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, carbon
Researchers are developing a new kind of geothermal power plant that will lock away unwanted carbon dioxide CO2 underground and use it as a tool to boost electric power generation by at least 10 times ... - Read More

The next big thing in the energy sector: Photovoltaic generated DC electricity

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
Energy consumption continues to grow The costs of generation and transmission of energy must come down for the increased consumption to be sustainable Energy must be generated without depleting resources without causing pollution and without ... - Read More

Bringing out the best in X-ray crystallography data

X-ray crystallography, Crystallography, X-ray
Function follows form might have been written to describe proteins as the M C Escher esque folds and twists of nature's workhorse biomolecules enables each to carry out its specific responsibilities Technology's workhorse for determining ... - Read More

Toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago quantified: Doesn't take much sulfide to impact ocean life

Ocean, Ocean
Oxygen in the atmosphere and ocean rose dramatically about 600 million years ago coinciding with the first proliferation of animal life Since then numerous short lived biotic events typically marked by significant climatic perturbations took ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

Less toxic metabolites, more chemical product

Chemical product, Chemical product
The first dynamic regulatory system that prevents the build up of toxic metabolites in engineered microbes has been reported by a team of researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE 's Joint BioEnergy ... - Read More

Optimism about meeting 'Grand Challenge' of global prosperity

With ecological viability threatened world resources draining population burgeoning and despair running rampant the end is nigh Or not says Lawrence M Cathles Cornell professor of earth and atmospheric sciences In spite of our apparent ... - Read More

Microbes facilitate the persistence, spread of invasive plant species by changing soil chemistry

Soil chemistry
Invasive species are among the world's greatest threats to native species and biodiversity Once invasive plants become established they can alter soil chemistry and shift nutrient cycling in an ecosystem This can have important impacts ... - Read More

Methane Out, Carbon Dioxide In?

A University of Virginia engineering professor has proposed a novel approach for keeping waste carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere Andres Clarens an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at U Va ’s School ... - Read More

Super efficient combustion engine emits half the carbon dioxide

Combustion, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Combustion, carbon
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed an internal combustion engine that emits less than half the CO2 compared to a regular engine without compromising performance This corresponds to fuel consumption of less than 2.4l per ... - Read More
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