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News articles about "energy"

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

An improved, cost-effective catalyst for water-splitting devices

Solar energy appears to be the only form of renewable that can be exploited at level that matches the world's growing needs However it is equally necessary to find efficient ways to store solar energy ... - Read More

Simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency

cell, cell
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells Their modification can increase solar ... - Read More

New, simple technique may drive down biofuel production costs

Plant, plant
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a simple effective and relatively inexpensive technique for removing lignin from the plant material used to make biofuels which may drive down the cost of biofuel production ... - Read More

Organic mega flow battery promises breakthrough for renewable energy

Battery, Renewable energy, Renewable
A team of Harvard scientists and engineers has demonstrated a new type of battery that could fundamentally transform the way electricity is stored on the grid making power from renewable energy sources such as wind ... - Read More

Free code to help build better batteries

Lithium
Lithium ion batteries such as those used in electric vehicles are in high demand with a global market value expected to reach $33.1 billion in 2019. But their high price and short life need to ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Producing electricity on the Moon at night

Heat
Scientists from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and other international collaborators have proposed a system of mirrors processed lunar soil and a heat engine to provide energy to vehicles and crew during the lunar night ... - Read More

Researchers grow liquid crystal 'flowers' that can be used as lenses

Crystal
A team of material scientists chemical engineers and physicists from the University of Pennsylvania has made another advance in their effort to use liquid crystals as a medium for assembling structures In their earlier studies ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

Greek economic crisis leads to air pollution crisis

In the midst of a winter cold snap a study from researchers in the United States and Greece reveals an overlooked side effect of economic crisis dangerous air quality caused by burning cheaper fuel for ... - Read More

A gluttonous plant reveals how its cellular power plant devours foreign DNA

Plant, plant
Amborella trichopoda a sprawling shrub that grows on just a single island in the remote South Pacific is the only plant in its family and genus It is also one of the oldest flowering plants ... - Read More

Ways of the photoelectric effect; How physicists have learned how to select them

In contrast to its apparent simplicity that brought Einstein his Nobel Prize the photoelectric effect when an electron is knocked out from its parent atom by a photon is quite complicated to analyze in general ... - Read More

New salt compounds challenge the foundation of chemistry

Salt, Compounds
All good research breaks new ground but rarely does the research unearth truths that challenge the foundation of a science That's what Artem R Oganov has done and the professor of theoretical crystallography in the ... - Read More

SBU Team Discovers New Compounds that Challenge the Foundation of Chemistry

that even in well defined systems like sodium chloride you can find totally new chemistry and totally new and very exciting materials ” Oganov says “It’s like discovering a new continent now we need to ... - Read More

Oil- and metal-munching microbes dominate deep sandstone formations

Analysis
Halomonas are a hardy breed of bacteria They can withstand heat high salinity low oxygen utter darkness and pressures that would kill most other organisms These traits enable these microbes to eke out a living ... - Read More

Uranium (IV) found to be mobile in a natural wetland

Uranium
EPFL researchers studying a natural wetland near a decommissioned uranium mine in Limousin France have shown that under certain circumstances the uranium present in the wetland could be more mobile than previously believed Because they ... - Read More

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light

Synthesis, Synthesis , Natural products
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More
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