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News articles about "energy"

Putting a new spin on tokamak disruptions

Plasma
In the quest for fusion energy on earth researchers use magnetic fields to insulate hot plasma from the walls of the chamber to maintain the reaction and prevent damage to interior surfaces In the tokamak ... - Read More

New antenna spreads good vibrations in fusion plasma

Plasma, Fusion
If you want to catch a firefly any old glass jar will do But when you're trying to bottle a star the goal of fusion energy research the bottle needs to be very special A ... - Read More

Solar cells utilize thermal radiation

Thermal radiation from the sun is largely lost on most silicon solar cells Up converters transform the infrared radiation into usable light however Researchers have now for the first time successfully adapted this effect for ... - Read More

Fusion foe lends a helping hand: Recent experiments breathe new understanding into oxygen's role in fusion devices

Fusion
Although oxygen is required to sustain life oxygen sucks the life out of fusion by radiating away too much power from the high temperature plasma Accordingly great efforts are expended to reduce the oxygen found ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Fantastic phonons: Blocking sound, channeling heat with 'unprecedented precision'

Heat, Sound
Imagine living on a bustling city block but free from the noise of car horns and people on the street The emerging field of phononics could one day make this a reality The phonon like ... - Read More

Lignin-feasting microbe holds promise for biofuels

Anaerobic
Nature designed lignin the tough woody polymer in the walls of plant cells to bind and protect the cellulose sugars that plants use for energy For this reason lignin is a major challenge for those ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

Altering surface textures in 'counterintuitive manner' may lead to cooling efficiency gains

Nuclear
Researchers across the globe are racing to find ways to improve the cooling of hot surfaces for technologies ranging from small handheld electronics all the way to industrial sized applications such as nuclear power plants ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

New method gives accurate picture of gas storage by microscopic cages

Gas
A computational method to quantify the adsorption of gas by porous zeolites should help labs know what to expect before they embark upon slow costly experiments according to researchers at Rice University The new method ... - Read More

Microbes swim to hydrogen gas

Gas
Scientists have long believed that microorganisms that produce methane swim toward the hydrogen gas they need to stay alive but it has been too hard to prove in the lab Montana State University researchers have ... - Read More

Waste could help fuel low carbon energy and transport

Fuel
In a time when society – and nature itself – are threatened by climate change it seems fair to ask Does recycling still matter Two Swedish scientists say it does Seemingly insurmountable threats like global ... - Read More

Changing the conversation: Polymers disrupt bacterial communication

Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way in which bacteria communicate with each other a study led by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown The findings published in the ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Nanotech drug smugglers

Tiny capsules of carbon are invisible to the chemical gatekeeper that flushes potentially harmful substances out of our bodies' cells according to research published in the International Journal of Computational Biology and Drug Design The ... - Read More
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