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News articles about "energy"

Submarine data used to investigate turbulence beneath Arctic ice

Using recently released Royal Navy submarine data researchers at the National Oceanography Centre NOC have investigated the nature of turbulence in the ocean beneath the Arctic sea ice Recent decreases in Arctic sea ice may ... - Read More

The biobattery: Turning sewage sludge into electricity and engine oil

Sewage sludge green waste production residue from the food industry straw or animal excrement with the biobattery's modular concept a much larger range of biomass can be utilized for energy recovery than previously Researchers show ... - Read More

World's challenges demand science changes -- and fast, experts say

World's challenges demand science changes and fast experts say The world has little use and precious little time for detached experts A group of scientists each of them experts makes a compelling case in this ... - Read More

Bringing clean energy a step closer

For nearly half a century scientists have been trying to replace precious metal catalysts in fuel cells Now for the first time researchers at Case Western Reserve University have shown that an inexpensive metal free ... - Read More

First direct observation of carbon dioxide's increasing greenhouse effect at Earth's surface

Scientists have observed an increase in carbon dioxide's greenhouse effect at Earth's surface for the first time The researchers led by scientists from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab measured ... - Read More

Lithium from the coal in China

Coal from China could become a major source of the metal lithium according to a review of the geochemistry by scientists published in the International Journal of Oil Gas and Coal Technology Lithium is an ... - Read More

In quest for better lithium-air batteries, chemists boost carbon's stability

To power a car so it can travel hundreds of miles at a time lithium ion batteries of the future are going to have to hold more energy without growing too big in size That's ... - Read More

New x-ray microscope for nanoscale imaging

Delivering the capability to image nanostructures and chemical reactions down to nanometer resolution requires a new class of x ray microscope that can perform precision microscopy experiments using ultra bright x rays from the National ... - Read More

Caging of molecules allows investigation of equilibrium thermodynamics

High performance materials for gas storage thermal insulators or nanomachines need a thorough understanding of the behavior of the material down to the molecular level Thermodynamics which have been developed two hundred years ago to ... - Read More

Physicists offer a solution to the puzzle of the origin of matter in the universe

Most of the laws of nature treat particles and antiparticles equally but stars and planets are made of particles or matter and not antiparticles or antimatter That asymmetry which favors matter to a very small ... - Read More

Clusters of aluminum metal atoms become superconductive at surprisingly high temperatures

A superconductor that works at room temperature was long thought impossible but scientists at USC may have discovered a family of materials that could make it reality A team led by Vitaly Kresin professor of ... - Read More

New technology could make treatment of oil and gas wastewater simpler, cheaper

Oil and gas operations in the United States produce about 21 billion barrels of wastewater per year The saltiness of the water and the organic contaminants it contains have traditionally made treatment difficult and expensive ... - Read More

Bacteria in marine sponges harvest phosphorus for reef community

Did you ever wonder why the water is so clear around coral reefs Scientists have known for years that sponges can filter water and gather nutrients from the ocean making it appear crystal clear For ... - Read More

Renewable energy obtained from wastewater

Researchers from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have devised an efficient way to obtain electrical energy and hydrogen by using a wastewater treatment process The proposed system published in Water Research uses bacteria which consumes ... - Read More

Crude oil production: Asphaltene analysis takes a giant step

Rice University researchers have developed an easy and accurate technique to detect and quantify the amount of asphaltene precipitated from crude oils which bedevils the oil industry by clogging wells and flow lines Asphaltene is ... - Read More

Using 'fuzzy logic' to optimize hybrid solar/battery systems

How did fuzzy logic help a group of researchers in Tunisia and Algeria create an ideal photovoltaic system that obeys the supply and demand principle and its delicate balance In the Journal of Renewable & ... - Read More

Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more

Researchers at the University of California Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed ... - Read More

Recycling of nutrients may be the key to saving Earth

Leakages of nutrients necessary for food production especially nitrogen and phosphorus cause severe eutrophication to the Earth's aquatic ecosystems and promote climate change However this threat also hides an opportunity An enhancement of the nutrient ... - Read More

Stretch and relax: Losing one electron switches magnetism on in dichromium

Scientists have used the unique Nanocluster Trap experimental station at the BESSY II synchrotron radiation source at Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin and published their results in the Journal Angewandte Chemie The electronic structure and bonding of ... - Read More

Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms

Using ultracold atoms as a stand in for electrons a Rice University based team of physicists has simulated superconducting materials and made headway on a problem that's vexed physicists for nearly three decades The research ... - Read More
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