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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "energy"

Race for new temperature definition: Most accurate measurement yet of Boltzmann constant

Temperature, temperature
Scientists at the UK's National Physical Laboratory NPL have performed the most accurate measurement yet of the Boltzmann constant While the impact of such an achievement is not immediately obvious the measurement could revolutionise the ... - Read More

How early Earth kept warm enough to support life

Earth, earth
Solving the faint young sun paradox explaining how early Earth was warm and habitable for life beginning more than 3 billion years ago even though the sun was 20 percent dimmer than today may not ... - Read More

'Peak oil' concerns should ease, experts predict

Substitution, Substitution
Fears of depleting Earth's supply of oil are unwarranted according to new research which concludes that the demand for oil as opposed to the supply will reach its own peak and then decline Peak oil ... - Read More

Nanomaterial to help reduce carbon dioxide emissions

University of Adelaide researchers have developed a new nanomaterial that could help reduce carbon dioxide emissions from coal fired power stations The new nanomaterial described in the Journal of the American Chemical Society efficiently separates ... - Read More

Jagged graphene edges can slice into cell membranes

Membranes
Researchers from Brown University have shown how tiny graphene microsheets ultra thin materials with a number of commercial applications could be big trouble for human cells The research shows that sharp corners and jagged protrusions ... - Read More

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted

Global warming, Global warming
Wildfires produce a witch's brew of carbon containing particles as anyone downwind of a forest fire can attest A range of fine carbonaceous particles rising high into the air significantly degrade air quality damaging human ... - Read More

Graphene on its way to conquer Silicon Valley

Silicon
The unique properties of graphene such as its incredible strength and at the same time its little weight have raised high expectations in modern material science Graphene a two dimensional crystal of carbon atoms packed ... - Read More

Researchers warn of legacy mercury in the environment

Environment, Mercury
Environmental researchers at Harvard University have published evidence that significant reductions in mercury emissions will be necessary just to stabilize current levels of the toxic element in the environment So much mercury persists in surface ... - Read More

Enhanced yet affordable material for supercapacitors

Material, Material
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST developed a new method to massively synthesize enhanced yet affordable materials for supercapacitors Supercapacitors have attracted increasing attention due to their long life cycle highly ... - Read More

Measuring molecules in their undistorted form

Using a special electron beam apparatus scientists at Bielefeld University can determine the precise three dimensional structure of gaseous molecules To do this Professor Dr Norbert Mitzel's research team analyses the molecules in their gaseous ... - Read More

Unlikely competitor for diamond as best thermal conductor: Boron arsenide potential for cooling applications

An unlikely material cubic boron arsenide could deliver an extraordinarily high thermal conductivity on par with the industry standard set by costly diamond researchers report in the current issue of the journal Physical Review Letters ... - Read More

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Clarification of dynamical process of aluminum surface oxidation

Reaction, Reaction, Adsorption, Adsorption
Dr Mitsunori Kurahashi a Principal Researcher of the NIMS Nano Characterization Unit and Dr Yasushi Yamauchi a Group Leader in the same unit presented decisive evidence clarifying the dynamical process of aluminum surface oxidation by ... - Read More

New concept for biofuel cells: Tree fungus lets current flow

Sabine Sané doctoral candidate in the research training group Micro Energy Harvesting at the Department of Microsystems Engineering IMTEK of the University of Freiburg has found a way to make a species of tree fungus ... - Read More

Scientists reveal structure of a supercooled liquid

Structure, Structure
The experimental work which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility DESY in Hamburg involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x rays from one of ... - Read More

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on Earth

Atomic, System
The radioactive element astatine the name of which is derived from the Greek word for 'instability ' is so rare on Earth that it has not yet been investigated to any greater extent and as ... - Read More

Antifreeze, cheap materials may lead to low-cost solar energy

Solar energy
A process combining some comparatively cheap materials and the same antifreeze that keeps an automobile radiator from freezing in cold weather may be the key to making solar cells that cost less and avoid toxic ... - Read More

Declines in ecosystem productivity fueled by nitrogen-induced species loss

Nitrogen, Ecosystem, Ecosystem, nitrogen
Humans have been affecting their environment since the ancestors of Homo sapiens first walked upright but never has their impact been more detrimental than in the 21st century The loss of biodiversity has much greater ... - Read More

Graphene provides efficient electronics cooling

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
A layer of graphene can reduce the working temperature in hotspots inside a processor by up to 25 percent which can significantly extend the working life of computers and other electronics An international group of ... - Read More

Alternative energy: A cooler way to clean hydrogen

A process known as ethanol steam reforming is creating opportunities for fuel cell researchers thanks to the recent rise of the bioethanol industry This technique generates hydrogen gas H2 directly within fuel cell systems onboard ... - Read More
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