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News articles about "chemical"

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

New study predicts rising irrigation costs, reduced yields for US corn

Water, Water, Water
If the climate continues to evolve as predicted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change the United States stands little to no chance of satisfying its current biofuel goals according to a new study by ... - Read More

Dairy's carbon footprint: Flatulence tops the list

Carbon, carbon
Researchers at the University of Arkansas are attempting to help the U S dairy industry decrease its carbon footprint as concentrations of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reach record levels In 2007 Americans consumed approximately ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

A step closer to artificial livers: Researchers identify compounds that help liver cells grow outside body

Compounds
Prometheus the mythological figure who stole fire from the gods was punished for this theft by being bound to a rock Each day an eagle swept down and fed on his liver which then grew ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

Chemical Causes Kidney Failure in Mosquitoes

Released 5 31 2013 9 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Vanderbilt University Medical Center more news from this source May 31 2013 Researchers are targeting a possible new weapon in the fight against malaria science that ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More

Rabbit wears contact lenses with light-emitting diode: New class of transparent, stretchable electrodes

Diode
Ulsan National Institute of Science & amp Technology UNIST has demonstrated that a live rabbit could wear contact lenses fitted with inorganic light emitting diode with no side effects This new class of hybrid transparent ... - Read More

Discovery by physicists furthers understanding of superconductivity: Experiments show Zhang-Rice singlet state in different class of materials

Physicists at the University of Arkansas have collaborated with scientists in the United States and Asia to discover that a crucial ingredient of high temperature superconductivity could be found in an entirely different class of ... - Read More

Organic polymers show sunny potential: Groundwork laid for block copolymer solar cells

cells, cells
A new version of solar cells created by laboratories at Rice and Pennsylvania State universities could open the door to research on a new class of solar energy devices The photovoltaic devices created in a ... - Read More

Hybrid carbon nanotube yarn muscle

Carbon nanotube
Professor Seon Jeong Kim of Hanyang University has created a high capacity yarn muscle that does not require electrolytes or special packaging It will have a big impact in the motor biological and robot industry ... - Read More

Paper could be basis for inexpensive diagnostic devices

Cellulose
Paper is known for its ability to absorb liquids making it ideal for products such as paper towels But by modifying the underlying network of cellulose fibers etching off surface fluff and applying a thin ... - Read More

Diamonds, nanotubes find common ground in graphene

Diamond
What may be the ultimate heat sink is only possible because of yet another astounding capability of graphene The one atom thick form of carbon can act as a go between that allows vertically aligned ... - Read More

Charge your mobile phone with formic acid?

Acid
Surprisingly the answer is yes With the technology of today it is possible to use environmental friendly formic acid in fuel cell powering your mobile phone or laptop Physicist Florian Nitze Umeå University in Sweden ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Brittle material toughened: Tungsten-fiber-reinforced tungsten

Material, Material
Tungsten is particularly suitable as material for highly stressed parts of the vessel enclosing a hot fusion plasma it being the metal with the highest melting point A disadvantage however is its brittleness which under ... - Read More
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