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News articles about "chemical"

Earth's history to be rewritten: Oxygen appeared 700 million years earlier than previously thought

Until now science has believed that oxygen in Earth's atmosphere has been around for roughly 2.3 billion years or roughly half way back along our planet's 4.6 billion year timeline However new research results provide ... - Read More

Steroids may persist longer in the environment than expected

Environment
Assessing the risk posed to aquatic organisms by the discharge of certain steroids and pharmaceutical products into waterways is often based on a belief that as the compounds degrade the ecological risks naturally decline But ... - Read More

New multifunctional topological insulator material with combined superconductivity

Most materials show one function for example a material can be a metal a semiconductor or an insulator Metals such as copper are used as conducting wires with only low resistance and energy loss Superconductors ... - Read More

Methane Out, Carbon Dioxide In?

A University of Virginia engineering professor has proposed a novel approach for keeping waste carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere Andres Clarens an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at U Va ’s School ... - Read More

Chemical synthesis: A simple technique for highly functionalized compounds

Synthesis, Compounds
Researchers at Kanazawa University have demonstrated a technique that allows direct functionalization of alkenes without the need for metallic reagents photolysis or extreme reaction conditions The addition of functional groups to certain unsaturated hydrocarbons known ... - Read More

Common cosmetic and sunblock ingredient, titanium dioxide, may have potential health risks

ACS
Using a particular type of titanium dioxide a common ingredient in cosmetics food products toothpaste and sunscreen could reduce the potential health risks associated with the widely used compound The report on the substance produced ... - Read More

First steps towards achieving better and cheaper biodiesel

Glycerol
Is there any connection between wine and biodiesel The answer is yes however surprising it may seem Acetals are chemical compounds found in many wines like port for example which give it a unique sweet ... - Read More

New model should expedite development of temperature-stable nano-alloys

Alloys, Nano
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new theoretical model that will speed the development of new nanomaterial alloys that retain their advantageous properties at elevated temperatures Nanoscale materials are made up of ... - Read More

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

Non-precious metal catalysts outperforming Pt-based one

Catalysts
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST Korea Institute of Energy Research KIER and Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered a new family of non precious metal catalysts These catalysts exhibit better performance ... - Read More

New adsorbent is more effective and environmentally friendly for treating wastewater

A novel new adsorbent for removing emerging contaminants from wastewater that is more effective reusable and environmentally friendly has been developed by researchers in Temple University's Water and Environmental Technology WET Center The researchers used ... - Read More

In water as in love, likes can attract

Water, Water, Water
At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel This is a universal scientific truth except when it isn't A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist ... - Read More

Theory and formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors developed

Semiconductors, Semiconductors, Plastic, Plastic
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend Flexible electronics could spawn new products clothing wired to cool or heat reading tablets that ... - Read More

New theory for analysing interacting nuclear spins in solvents

Nuclear
Hardly a spectroscopic method boasts so many different applications as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy better known as NMR The approach of NMR spectroscopy is based on monitoring the so called nuclear spin namely the angular ... - Read More

Study Could Help Improve Nuclear Waste Repositories

developed experiments with different clays focusing on their structural characteristics Past studies of iodide retention in clay concentrated on bentonite Wang’s team instead studied several different clays five with the same type of layered structure ... - Read More

Biochemists resurrect 'molecular fossils': Findings challenge assumptions about origins of life

Biochemists, Fossils
Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change

In a series of papers to be presented next week scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to ... - Read More

Assumptions about origins of life challenged

Before there was life on Earth there were molecules A primordial soup At some point a few specialized molecules began replicating This self replication scientists agree kick started a biochemical process that would lead to ... - Read More

Speedy chemical reaction captured in mid-stride

In synthetic chemistry making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high quality production at the lowest possible cost The element rhodium is a powerful catalyst a driver of chemical ... - Read More

Spider silk coated with carbon nanotubes has multiple surprising uses

Carbon nanotubes
Eden Steven a physicist at Florida State University's MagLab facility discovered that simple methods can result in surprising and environmentally friendly high tech outcomes during his experiments with spider silk and carbon nanotubes the results ... - Read More
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