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News articles about "Biochemistry"

Polymer coatings a key step toward oral delivery of protein-based drugs

Oral, Polymer
For protein based drugs such as insulin to be taken orally rather than injected bioengineers need to find a way to shuttle them safely through the stomach to the small intestine where they can be ... - Read More

Study Finds Biochemical Role of Crucial TonB Protein in Bacterial Iron Transport and Pathogenesis

Released 7 1 2013 9 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom Kansas State University more news from this source Jul 1 2013 MANHATTAN Kan A Kansas State University led study has discovered the role of a protein ... - Read More

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases

Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's Lou Gehrig's and cancer The study reported this month in the ... - Read More

Computational chemistry draws for first time 'interactive cartographic map' of enzymes during chemical reactions

Knowing how enzymes work is key to control the chemical processes involving these biological macromolecules that have countless applications in the fields of medicine and industry Computational chemistry has enabled to draw for the first ... - Read More

Better antibiotics: Atomic-scale structure of ribosome with molecule that controls its motion

Atomic, Ribosome
This may look like a tangle of squiggly lines but you're actually looking at a molecular machine called a ribosome Its job is to translate DNA sequences into proteins the workhorse compounds that sustain you ... - Read More

Biochemists Identify Protease Substrates Important to Bacterial Growth

Released 6 26 2013 12 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom University of Massachusetts Amherst more news from this source Jun 26 2013 AMHERST Mass – Reporting this month in Molecular Microbiology Peter Chien and colleagues at ... - Read More

A Cheaper Drive to 'Cool' Fuels

they make a whole slew ” Rosenthal explains “Our goal was to develop a catalyst that was extremely selective in producing carbon monoxide and to power the reaction using solar energy ” Many of us ... - Read More

Chemical nanoengineering: Designing drugs controlled by light

Light, Light
The scientific cooperation between chemists biotechnologists and physicists from various Catalan institutes headed by Pau Gorostiza from the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia IBEC and Ernest Giralt from the Institute for Research in Biomedicine IRB ... - Read More

Uniquely shaped enzyme amazes chemists

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Chemists of Radboud University Nijmegen have found that a uniquely shaped enzyme that has never been seen before in biology is real two interlocked ring structures known as catenanes The results have been published early ... - Read More

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'

Catalyst, Polymer
Due to the fluctuating availability of solar energy storage solutions are urgently needed One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis in the process ... - Read More

Star-shaped macromolecule grabs large anions

Anions, Macromolecule
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have created a symmetrical five sided macrocycle that is easy to synthesize and has characteristics that may help expand the molecular tool box available to researchers in biology chemistry and ... - Read More

Memory-Boosting Chemical Is Identified in Mice

trigger different enzymes to act downstream to switch off eIF2 alpha “Among other things the inactivation of eIF2 alpha is a brake on memory consolidation ” Walter said perhaps an evolutionary consequence of a cell ... - Read More

Odors from human skin cells can be used to identify melanoma

cells, cells
According to new research from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions odors from human skin cells can be used to identify melanoma the deadliest form of skin cancer In addition to detecting a unique odor ... - Read More

DNA brings materials to life: DNA-coated colloids help create novel self-assembling materials

Materials, materials
A colloid is a substance spread out evenly inside another substance Everyday examples include milk styrofoam hair sprays paints shaving foam gels and even dust mud and fog One of the most interesting properties of ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Nanofiber sensor detects diabetes or lung cancer faster and easier

cancer
Today's technological innovation enables smartphone users to diagnose serious diseases such as diabetes or lung cancer quickly and effectively by simply breathing into a small gadget a nanofiber breathing sensor mounted on the phones Il ... - Read More

Shape of nanoparticles points the way toward more targeted drugs

Conventional treatments for diseases such as cancer can carry harmful side effects and the primary reason is that such treatments are not targeted specifically to the cells of the body where they're needed What if ... - Read More

Catching individual molecules in a million with optical antennas inside nano-boxes

molecules, Nano
A single cell in our body is composed of thousands of millions of different biomolecules that work together in an extremely well coordinated way Likewise many biological and biochemical reactions occur only if molecules are ... - Read More

The body electric: Researchers move closer to low-cost, implantable electronics, study suggests

Electronics, Electronics, Electronics, Electronics
New technology under development at The Ohio State University is paving the way for low cost electronic devices that work in direct contact with living tissue inside the body The first planned use of the ... - Read More
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