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News articles about "Biochemistry"

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

'Fat worms' inch scientists toward better biofuel production

Fat
Fat worms confirm that researchers from Michigan State University have successfully engineered a plant with oily leaves ­ a feat that could enhance biofuel production as well as lead to improved animal feeds Share This ... - Read More

Clues to climate cycles dug from south pole snow pit

Climate, climate
Particles from the upper atmosphere trapped in a deep pile of Antarctic snow hold clear chemical traces of global meteorological events a team from the University of California San Diego and a colleague from France ... - Read More

'NanoVelcro' device to grab single cancer cells from blood: Improvement enables 'liquid biopsies' for metastatic melanoma

cancer
Researchers at UCLA report that they have refined a method they previously developed for capturing and analyzing cancer cells that break away from patients' tumors and circulate in the blood With the improvements to their ... - Read More

Watching molecules grow into microtubes

molecules
Sometimes the best discoveries come by accident Share This See Also Organic Chemistry Nature of Water Chemistry Materials Science Nanotechnology Biochemistry Nanorobotics Mechanical engineering Molecule Nanotechnology A team of researchers at Washington University in St ... - Read More

Titanium dioxide nanoreactor: Synthesis to produce nanoparticles at room temperature in a polymer network

Synthesis, Synthesis , Polymer
Tiny particles of titanium dioxide are found as key ingredients in wall paints sunscreens and toothpaste they act as reflectors of light or as abrasives However with decreasing particle size and a corresponding change in ... - Read More

Tiny tweezers and their big influence on bustling proteins: Scientists investigate molecular 'clothespins'

Molecular, molecular
Tiny molecular tweezers have a remarkable impact on bustling proteins Three research groups from the University of Duisburg Essen UDE the Chemical Genomics Centre of the Max Planck Society in Dortmund and the Max Planck ... - Read More

When water speaks: Solvents make catalysts more efficient

Catalysts
Why certain catalyst materials work more efficiently when they are surrounded by water instead of a gas phase is unclear RUB chemists have now gleaned some initial answers from computer simulations They showed that water ... - Read More

Protein 'passport' helps nanoparticles get past immune system

System, Immune system
The body's immune system exists to identify and destroy foreign objects whether they are bacteria viruses flecks of dirt or splinters Unfortunately nanoparticles designed to deliver drugs and implanted devices like pacemakers or artificial joints ... - Read More

Robotic bat wing engineered: Researchers uncover flight secrets of real bats

Frequency, Frequency, Frequency
The strong flapping flight of bats offers great possibilities for the design of small aircraft among other applications By building a robotic bat wing Brown researchers have uncovered flight secrets of real bats the function ... - Read More

Sunlight yields more efficient carbon dioxide to methanol model

Methanol
Researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington are pioneering a new method for using carbon dioxide or CO2 to make liquid methanol fuel by using copper oxide nanowires and sunlight Share This See Also ... - Read More

Ancient 'Egyptian blue' pigment points to new telecommunications, security ink technology

A bright blue pigment used 5 000 years ago is giving modern scientists clues toward the development of new nanomaterials with potential uses in state of the art medical imaging devices remote controls for televisions ... - Read More

Cure for common hangover? 'Pill' mimics action of human liver in fighting alcohol intoxication

Enzyme, Enzyme, Engineering, Enzyme, enzyme
In a discovery that could promise a quick fix to the common hangover a team of researchers led by UCLA engineers has identified a method for speeding up the body's reaction to the consumption of ... - Read More

Molecules assemble in water, hint at origins of life

molecules
The base pairs that hold together two pieces of RNA the older cousin of DNA are some of the most important molecular interactions in living cells Many scientists believe that these base pairs were part ... - Read More

New therapeutics could accelerate wound healing

cells, cells
In before and after photos from advertisements for wound healing ointments bandages and antibiotic creams we see an injury transformed from an inflamed red gash to smooth and flawless skin Share This See Also Wounds ... - Read More

Nano-channel disentangles knotted DNA

Nano
DNA just like hair has a tendency to become knotted thus it may be useful to disentangle it Unfortunately it is not possible to actively choose at random or better in one solution the filaments ... - Read More

Engineering cells for more efficient biofuel production

In the search for renewable alternatives to gasoline heavy alcohols such as isobutanol are promising candidates Not only do they contain more energy than ethanol but they are also more compatible with existing gasoline based ... - Read More

Microbial biorefinery provides new insight into how bacteria regulate genes

Genes, Bacteria, Genes, bacteria
Digesting lignin a highly stable polymer that accounts for up to a third of biomass is a limiting step to producing a variety of biofuels Researchers at Brown have figured out the microscopic chemical switch ... - Read More

Not your conventional nucleic acids: Spherical nucleic acids have novel properties that are perfect for biomedical applications

Northwestern University's Chad A Mirkin a world renowned leader in nanotechnology research and its application has invented and developed a powerful material that could revolutionize biomedicine spherical nucleic acids SNAs Share This See Also Genes ... - Read More

Chemists develop single molecule sieves to separate complex molecular mixtures

Complex
Chemists at the University of Liverpool have created a new technique that could be used in industry to separate complex organic chemical mixtures Share This See Also Organic Chemistry Chemistry Fossil Fuels Biochemistry Materials Science ... - Read More
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