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News articles about "Biochemistry"

Fate of methane following Deepwater Horizon spill examined by researchers

The 2010 Deepwater Horizon blowout discharged roughly five million barrels of oil and up to 500 000 metric tonnes of natural gas into Gulf of Mexico offshore waters over a period of 84 days In ... - Read More

Artificial magnetic bacteria 'turn' food into natural drugs

Scientists from the University of Granada have successfully created magnetic bacteria that could be added to foodstuffs and could after ingestion help diagnose diseases of the digestive system like stomach cancer These important findings constitute ... - Read More

Graphene and painkiller receptor combined into scalable chemical sensor

Almost every biological process involves sensing the presence of a certain chemical Finely tuned over millions of years of evolution the body's different receptors are shaped to accept certain target chemicals When they bind the ... - Read More

How proteins acquire correct structure: Molecular high-speed origami

Proteins are responsible for nearly every essential process of life Their form and structure or their fold are of crucial importance for their functionality Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry MPIB in Martinsried ... - Read More

Broadening the scope for synthesizing optically active compounds

Chiral compounds are increasingly important in chemical manufacturing They are distinguished by a special kind of asymmetry in their molecular structure Yutaka Ukaji and colleagues at Kanazawa University have now developed a method for desymmetrising ... - Read More

Can plants provide petroleum-derived chemicals?

Plant scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids the building blocks of oils can link up to efficiently pass intermediate products ... - Read More

The promise of purple for enhanced bioimaging

Newly detected 'energy clustering' structures inside rare earth nanoparticles generate intense violet light which is ideal for studying photon induced transformations Labeling biomolecules with light emitting nanoparticles is a powerful technique for observing cell movement ... - Read More

Making it big: Metamaterial applications a step closer to reality

Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More

Nanoscope to probe chemistry on the molecular scale

For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More

Light waves allow preferred bond breaking in symmetric molecules

Chemical bonds between carbon and hydrogen atoms are amongst the strongest in nature and their selective breaking in particular in symmetric molecules is of interest to chemical synthesis and the development of new biologically active ... - Read More

New technology using fluorescent proteins tracks cancer cells circulating in blood

After cancer spreads finding and destroying malignant cells that circulate in the body is usually critical to patient survival Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Chemistry & amp Biology have developed a new ... - Read More

'Electrosmog' disrupts orientation in migratory birds, scientists show

For the first time a research team led by Prof Dr Henrik Mouritsen a biologist and Lichtenberg Professor at the University of Oldenburg has been able to prove that the magnetic compass of robins fails ... - Read More

Regenerating plastic grows back after damage

Looking at a smooth sheet of plastic in one University of Illinois laboratory no one would guess that an impact had recently blasted a hole through it Illinois researchers have developed materials that not only ... - Read More

Atomic-level look at the enzyme telomerase may help unlock secrets of aging and cancer

ASU scientists together with collaborators from the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shanghai have published in Nature Structural and Molecular Biology a first of its kind atomic level look at the enzyme telomerase that may ... - Read More

Nanoscale heat flow predictions: Environmentally-friendly and cost-effective nanometric-scale energy devices

Heat flow in novel nanomaterials could help in creating environmentally friendly and cost effective nanometric scale energy devices Physicists are now designing novel materials with physical properties tailored to meet specific energy consumption needs Before ... - Read More

High-efficiency water treatment using light using a novel UV-light system

Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More

Recycling to ensure sufficient raw materials for the future

About 70 billion tons of raw materials are extracted world wide annually That is twice as much as at the end of the 1970s This trend is continuing even with finite resources One way to ... - Read More

A hydrogel that knows when to go

Rice University bioengineers have created a hydrogel that instantly turns from liquid to semisolid at close to body temperature and then degrades at precisely the right pace The gel shows potential as a bioscaffold to ... - Read More

Luminescent nanocrystal tags enable rapid detection of multiple pathogens in a single test

A research team using tunable luminescent nanocrystals as tags to advance medical and security imaging have successfully applied them to high speed scanning technology and detected multiple viruses within minutes The research led by Macquarie ... - Read More

Surgeons 'light up' GI tract to safely remove gall bladder

A green fluorescent dye is helping surgeons at the University of Illinois Hospital & amp Health Sciences System perform robotic gall bladder surgery more safely UI Health surgeons used near infrared light to make the ... - Read More
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