All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Biochemistry"

Researchers identify materials to improve biofuel, petroleum processing

Using one of the largest supercomputers in the world a team of researchers led by the University of Minnesota has identified potential materials that could improve the production of ethanol and petroleum products The discovery ... - Read More

Promising drug candidate protects against radiation exposure from nuclear fallout

The 2011 Fukushima disaster was a stark reminder of the continuing dangers posed by nuclear fallout highlighting the need for an approved drug that can be taken after radiation exposure to protect against organ injury ... - Read More

More light shed on on biomass breakdown

Scientists at the University of York are part of a research team which has found that a recently discovered family of enzymes can degrade resistant forms of starch Earlier research established that the enzymes lytic ... - Read More

Scientists search for new ways to deal with U. S. uranium ore processing legacy

Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are trying to find out why uranium persists in groundwater at former uranium ore processing sites despite remediation of contaminated surface materials two decades ago ... - Read More

New technique helps probe performance of organic solar cell materials

A research team led by North Carolina State University has developed a new technique for determining the role that a material's structure has on the efficiency of organic solar cells which are candidates for low ... - Read More

Boston's leaky pipes release high levels of heat-trapping methane

Imagine if every time you filled your car with gas a few gallons didn't make it into the tank and instead spilled onto the ground That's essentially what happens every day with the aging system ... - Read More

Fine motor skills for robotic hands

Tying shoelaces stirring coffee writing letters playing the piano From the usual daily routine to demanding activities Our hands are used more frequently than any other body part Through our highly developed fine motor skills ... - Read More

Gold 'nano-drills' help with DNA analysis

Spherical gold particles are able to 'drill' a nano diameter tunnel in ceramic material when heated This is an easy and attractive way to equip chips with nanopores for DNA analysis for example Nanotechnologists of ... - Read More

Exotic, gigantic molecules fit inside each other like Russian nesting dolls

University of Chicago scientists have experimentally observed for the first time a phenomenon in ultracold three atom molecules predicted by Russian theoretical physicsist Vitaly Efimov in 1970. In this quantum phenomenon called geometric scaling the ... - Read More

Scientists 'bend' elastic waves with new metamaterials that could have commercial applications

Sound waves passing through the air objects that break a body of water and cause ripples or shockwaves from earthquakes all are considered elastic waves These waves travel at the surface or through a material ... - Read More

Watching protein crystal nucleation in real time

A major hurdle in structural biology and pharmacology is growing crystals to determine the structure of the biomolecules and pharmaceuticals under study Researchers at the University of Tübingen working with colleagues from Oxford and Grenoble ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanotextures create antireflective surface on silicon solar cells

Reducing the amount of sunlight that bounces off the surface of solar cells helps maximize the conversion of the sun's rays to electricity so manufacturers use coatings to cut down on reflections Now scientists at ... - Read More

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei do not behave according to predictions

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models This surprising conclusion reached by an international team of physicists including staff members from ... - Read More

Transparent artificial nacre: A brick wall at the nanoscale

Natural materials have extraordinary mechanical properties which are based on sophisticated arrangements and combinations of multiple building blocks One key aspect of today's materials research therefore is to develop bio inspired materials reaching to the ... - Read More

Graphene brings quantum effects to electronic circuits

Research by scientists attached to the EC's Graphene Flagship has revealed a superfluid phase in ultra low temperature 2D materials creating the potential for electronic devices which dissipate very little energy At the atomic and ... - Read More

Oils, fats innovation: Use of nanotechnology in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals

The use of oils and fats has been successfully diversified resulting in an innovation formulated through nanotechnology that is beneficial to pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries A Faculty of Science Universiti Putra Malaysia UPM lecturer Professor ... - Read More

Many antennas, multiple benefits: Can handle cellular traffic more reliably

A concept that balances large scale installations of low cost and low power antennas to boost cellular coverage in difficult environments will also provide better connectivity to more users Developed by A*STAR this new architecture ... - Read More

New 'microcapsules' have potential to repair damage caused by osteoarthritis

A new 'microcapsule' treatment delivery method developed by researchers at Queen Mary University of London QMUL could reduce inflammation in cartilage affected by osteoarthritis and reverse damage to tissue The research was funded by Arthritis ... - Read More

A contractile gel that stores light energy

Living systems have the ability to produce collective molecular motions that have an effect at the macroscale such as a muscle that contracts via the concerted action of protein motors In order to reproduce this ... - Read More

New signal amplification process set to transform communications, imaging, computing

Signal amplification is ubiquitous to all electronic and optoelectronic systems for communications imaging and computing its characteristics directly impact device performance A new signal amplification process discovered by a team of University of California San ... - Read More
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