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News articles about "X-rays"

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

New horizons in radiotherapy?

Targeted radiation therapy that is less harmful to healthy cells could see the light of day thanks to a team of French researchers from the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Matière et Rayonnement CNRS UPMC working ... - Read More

The Play-by-Play of Energy Conversion: Catching Catalysts in Action

but some details remain hidden Beginning in 2015 the next generation National Synchrotron Light Source II NSLS II will provide even brighter x rays and the Center for Functional Nanomaterials CFN will operate the first ... - Read More

Scientists decode serotonin receptor at room temperature

Serotonin
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

Bringing out the best in X-ray crystallography data

X-ray crystallography, Crystallography, X-ray
Function follows form might have been written to describe proteins as the M C Escher esque folds and twists of nature's workhorse biomolecules enables each to carry out its specific responsibilities Technology's workhorse for determining ... - Read More

Molecular biology: Designer of protein factories exposed

Molecular biology
For 10 years Patrick Cramer and his colleagues at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have probed the structure of RNA polymerase I a crucial cog in the machinery of all cells Now they unveil ... - Read More

Molecular mirror images assigned: Safer drugs thanks to a new solution to a 150-year-old chemistry problem?

Solution
Just like gloves molecules come in so called left handed and right handed versions Until now however it could be determined only with great difficulty whether a certain molecule is right handed or left handed ... - Read More

Bismuth-carrying nanotubes show promise for CT scans

cells, cells
Scientists at Rice University have trapped bismuth in a nanotube cage to tag stem cells for X ray tracking Bismuth is probably best known as the active element in a popular stomach settling elixir and ... - Read More

Researchers open a door for solid state physics: Laser processes observed with X-rays on a solid

Solid state
Without the currently available plethora of X ray methods basic research in the physical sciences would be unthinkable The methods are used in solid state physics in the analysis of biological structures and even art ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Why gold nanoparticles can penetrate cell walls

Cells are very good at protecting their precious contents and as a result it's very difficult to penetrate their membrane walls to deliver drugs nutrients or biosensors without damaging or destroying the cell One effective ... - Read More

Atomic insights into plant growth: How plant steroid hormone makes plants grow

Plant, plant
If one wants to better understand how plants grow one must analyse the chemistry of life in its molecular detail Michael Hothorn from the Friedrich Miescher Laboratory of the Max Planck Society in Tübingen and ... - Read More

Chemistry riddle solved

Chemistry, Chemistry, Chemistry
With support from Prof Paul von Rague Schleyer from the University of Georgia USA a team of researchers including Prof Dr Ingo Krossing Dr Daniel Himmel and Franziska Scholz from the Institute of Inorganic and ... - Read More

Scientists reveal structure of a supercooled liquid

Structure, Structure
The experimental work which was performed at the German Electron Synchrotron Facility DESY in Hamburg involved levitating hot metal droplets and observing them as they cooled by irradiating them with x rays from one of ... - Read More

Iron fertilization, process of putting iron into ocean to help capture carbon, could backfire

Ocean, Carbon, Ocean, carbon
A new study on the feeding habits of ocean microbes calls into question the potential use of algal blooms to trap carbon dioxide and offset rising global levels These blooms contain iron eating microscopic phytoplankton ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

X-ray tomography of living frog embryo

X-ray
Classical X ray radiographs provide information about internal absorptive structures of organisms such as bones Alternatively X rays can also image soft tissues throughout early embryonic development of vertebrates Related to this a new X ... - Read More
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