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News articles about "X-rays"

Why some liquids are 'fragile' and others are 'strong'

Only recently has it become possible to accurately see the structure of a liquid Using X rays and a high tech apparatus that holds liquids without a container Kenneth Kelton PhD the Arthur Holly Compton ... - Read More

Solid-State Chemistry

Released 1 Aug 2014 9 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Aug 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Chemist develops X-ray vision for quality assurance

A DTU researcher has developed a method that uses X rays for the rapid identification of substances present in an indeterminate powder The new technique has the capacity to recognize advanced biological molecules such as ... - Read More

When is a molecule a molecule? Scientists watch fast electron jumps in exploding molecules

Using ultra short X ray flashes an international team of researchers watched electrons jumping between the fragments of exploding molecules The study reveals up to what distance a charge transfer between the two molecular fragments ... - Read More

Removing disordered regions of shape-shifting protein explains how blood clots

In results recently published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNAS Saint Louis University scientists have discovered that removal of disordered sections of a protein's structure reveals the molecular mechanism of a key ... - Read More

Postcards from the photosynthetic edge: Femtosecond snapshots of photosynthetic water oxidation

A crucial piece of the puzzle behind nature's ability to split the water molecule during photosynthesis that could help advance the development of artificial photosynthesis for clean green and renewable energy has been provided by ... - Read More

Neutron crystallography resolves long-standing molecular mystery

An international team of researchers led by the University of Leicester has solved a long standing mystery in biology by identifying the molecular structure of a vital biological chemical The debate which has raged within ... - Read More

Scientists use X-rays to look at how DNA protects itself from UV light

The molecular building blocks that make up DNA absorb ultraviolet light so strongly that sunlight should deactivate them yet it does not Now scientists have made detailed observations of a relaxation response that protects these ... - Read More

Details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells explained

Sometimes a cell has to die when it's done with its job or inflicted with injury that could otherwise harm an organism Conversely cells that refuse to die when expected can lead to cancer So ... - Read More

New 'T-ray' tech converts light to sound for weapons detection, medical imaging

A device that essentially listens for light waves could help open up the last frontier of the electromagnetic spectrum the terahertz range So called T rays which are light waves too long for human eyes ... - Read More

Next green revolution? Converting bacteria from free living to nitrogen-fixing

If you pull up a soybean or bean plant and shake off the dirt you might see odd swellings or bumps like rheumatic finger joints on its roots Inside the cool soil covered bumps are ... - Read More

Airport security-style technology could help doctors decide on stroke treatment

A new computer program could help doctors predict which patients might suffer potentially fatal side effects from a key stroke treatment The program which assesses brain scans using pattern recognition software similar to that used ... - Read More

Halving hydrogen: First view of nature-inspired catalyst after ripping hydrogen apart provides insights for better fuel cells

Like a hungry diner ripping open a dinner roll a fuel cell catalyst that converts hydrogen into electricity must tear open a hydrogen molecule Now researchers have captured a view of such a catalyst holding ... - Read More

Halving Hydrogen

Released 4 23 2014 1 00 PM EDTSource Newsroom Pacific Northwest National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Angewandte Chemie International EditionApr 24 2014 RICHLAND Wash ... - Read More

Tiny transistors for extreme environs: Engineers shrink plasma devices to resist radiation

University of Utah electrical engineers fabricated the smallest plasma transistors that can withstand high temperatures and ionizing radiation found in a nuclear reactor Such transistors someday might enable smartphones that take and collect medical X ... - Read More

Big data tackles tiny molecular machines

Open feed cut Such is the humdrum life of a motor molecule the subject of new research at Rice University that eats and excretes damaged proteins and turns them into harmless peptides for disposal The ... - Read More

It slices, it dices, and it protects the body from harm: 3-D structure of enzyme that helps defend against bacteria

An essential weapon in the body's fight against infection has come into sharper view Researchers at Princeton University have discovered the 3D structure of an enzyme that cuts to ribbons the genetic material of viruses ... - Read More

Scientists discover new pathway for artificial photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Humans have for ages taken cues from nature to build their own devices but duplicating the steps in the complicated electronic dance of photosynthesis remains one of the biggest challenges and opportunities for chemists Currently ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

New horizons in radiotherapy?

Targeted radiation therapy that is less harmful to healthy cells could see the light of day thanks to a team of French researchers from the Laboratoire de Chimie Physique Matière et Rayonnement CNRS UPMC working ... - Read More
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