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News articles about "X-ray"

Scientists offer new insights on controlling nanoparticle stability

University of Oregon chemists studying the structure of ligand stabilized gold nanoparticles have captured fundamental new insights about their stability The information they say could help to maintain a desired integral property in nanoparticles used ... - Read More

Electricity from waste heat with more efficient materials

Thermoelectric materials can convert waste heat directly into electricity Tommi Tynell M Sc Tech who is a doctoral candidate at the Aalto University School of Chemical Technology has developed hybrid thermoelectric materials which combine useful ... - Read More

Intense two-color double X-ray laser pulses: Powerful tool to study ultrafast processes

X-ray
A team working at the SACLA X ray Free Electron Laser XFEL in Japan has succeeded in generating ultra bright two color X ray laser pulses for the first time in the hard X ray ... - Read More

Carbon capture and storage: An inside look at a metal-organic framework (MOF) in action

Carbon, carbon
A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal organic framework MOF as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the design of new and improved MOFs for carbon ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

X-ray laser can solve protein structures from scratch

X-ray, Protein structures
A study shows for the first time that X ray lasers can be used to generate a complete 3 D model of a protein without any prior knowledge of its structure An international team of ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Fusion foe lends a helping hand: Recent experiments breathe new understanding into oxygen's role in fusion devices

Fusion
Although oxygen is required to sustain life oxygen sucks the life out of fusion by radiating away too much power from the high temperature plasma Accordingly great efforts are expended to reduce the oxygen found ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

X-rays reveal inner structure of Earth's ancient magma ocean

Ocean, X-Rays, Structure, X-rays, Structure, Earth, Ocean, earth
Using the world's most brilliant X ray source scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle The analysis at DESY's light source PETRA III revealed that ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

Bringing out the best in X-ray crystallography data

X-ray crystallography, Crystallography, X-ray
Function follows form might have been written to describe proteins as the M C Escher esque folds and twists of nature's workhorse biomolecules enables each to carry out its specific responsibilities Technology's workhorse for determining ... - Read More

New forensic technique for identifying cloth fibers

Crime scene investigators may soon have a new tool to help them catch evildoers Researchers have demonstrated the proof of principle for a new forensic technique to identify individual fibers of cloth which often all ... - Read More

Molecular biology: Designer of protein factories exposed

Molecular biology
For 10 years Patrick Cramer and his colleagues at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have probed the structure of RNA polymerase I a crucial cog in the machinery of all cells Now they unveil ... - Read More

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity

Catalyst
The quest to harness hydrogen as the clean burning fuel of the future demands the perfect catalysts nanoscale machines that enhance chemical reactions Scientists must tweak atomic structures to achieve an optimum balance of reactivity ... - Read More

Photosynthesis mechanism: Tofu-like crystalline catalysts for producing clean energy

Catalysts, Photosynthesis
Research by Professor Jian Ren Shen at Okayama University demystifies the reaction mechanisms of photosynthesis and the findings may lead to the development of methods for producing an unlimited source of clean energy Professor Jian ... - Read More

In water as in love, likes can attract

Water, Water, Water
At some point in elementary school you were shown that opposite charges attract and like charges repel This is a universal scientific truth except when it isn't A research team led by Berkeley Lab chemist ... - Read More
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