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News articles about "X-ray"

Earth's most abundant mineral finally has a name

An ancient meteorite and high energy X rays have helped scientists conclude a half century of effort to find identify and characterize a mineral that makes up 38 percent of the Earth And in doing ... - Read More

Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon

he entire semiconductor industry not to mention Silicon Valley is built on the propensity of electrons in silicon to get kicked out of their atomic shells and become free These mobile electrons are routed and ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules

An international team including scientists from Arizona State University the University of Milwaukee Madison UMW and Germany's Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron DESY have caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work using an X ray laser Their ... - Read More

New research paves the way for nano-movies of biomolecules; Scientists use X-ray laser as ultra slow-motion camera

An international team including scientists from DESY has caught a light sensitive biomolecule at work with an X ray laser The study demonstrates that X ray lasers can capture the fast dynamics of biomolecules in ... - Read More

X-ray laser reveals how bacterial protein morphs in response to light

Human biology is a massive collection of chemical reactions from the intricate signaling network that powers our brain activity to the body's immune response to viruses and the way our eyes adjust to sunlight All ... - Read More

Unravelling the complexity of proteins

Knowledge of the three dimensional structures of proteins is essential for understanding biological processes Structures help to explain molecular and biochemical functions visualize details of macromolecular interactions facilitate understanding of underlying biochemical mechanisms and define ... - Read More

Magnetic memory filmed in super slow motion

Researchers at DESY have used high speed photography to film one of the candidates for the magnetic data storage devices of the future in action The film was taken using an X ray microscope and ... - Read More

A Better Look at the Chemistry of Interfaces

Released 2 Dec 2014 1 00 PM ESTSource Newsroom Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations Nature CommunicationsDec 3 2014 Researchers working at the ... - Read More

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Thermomagnetic processing method provides path to new materials

For much the same reason LCD televisions offer eye popping performance a thermomagnetic processing method developed at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can advance the performance of polymers Polymers are used in ... - Read More

X-ray vision of photosynthesis: New technique facilitates analysis of biomolecules in a near-natural state

Photosynthesis is one of the most important processes in nature The complex method by which all green plants harvest sunlight and thereby produce the oxygen in our air is still not fully understood Researchers have ... - Read More

Live images from the nano-cosmos: Scientists watch layers of football molecules grow

Using DESY's ultrabright X ray source PETRA III researchers have observed in real time how football shaped carbon molecules arrange themselves into ultra smooth layers Together with theoretical simulations the investigation reveals the fundamentals of ... - Read More

Tracking heat-driven decay in leading electric vehicle batteries

Rechargeable electric vehicles are one of the greatest tools against rising pollution and carbon emissions and their widespread adoption hinges on battery performance Scientists specializing in nanotechnology continue to hunt for the perfect molecular recipe ... - Read More

Functional nanomaterials to advance vehicle battery tech

Future fleets of electric vehicles will require high capacity batteries that recharge rapidly degrade very little over time and operate safely Lithium ion Li ion batteries similar to the ones found inside portable electronics currently ... - Read More

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed

Iron is the most abundant trace element in humans As a cofactor of certain proteins it plays an essential role in oxygen transport and metabolism Due to the major importance of iron in a wide ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Dispelling a misconception about Mg-ion batteries

Lithium Li ion batteries serve us well powering our laptops tablets cell phones and a host of other gadgets and devices However for future automotive applications we will need rechargeable batteries with significant increases in ... - Read More

Inner workings of powerful biochemical switch revealed

A University of Utah led study using X rays and neutron beams has revealed the inner workings of a master switch that regulates basic cellular functions but that also when mutated contributes to cancer cardiovascular ... - Read More
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