Powerful inexpensive and even flexible when they need to be organic photodiodes are a promising alternative to silicon based photodetectors They are used to improve light sensitivity in cameras and to check displays for homogeneous ... - Read More
For years scientists have had an itch they couldn't scratch Even with the best microscopes and spectrometers it's been difficult to study and identify molecules at the so called mesoscale a region of matter that ... - Read More
After cancer spreads finding and destroying malignant cells that circulate in the body is usually critical to patient survival Now researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Chemistry & amp Biology have developed a new ... - Read More
Many harmful substances in waste water stubbornly resist being broken down by biological waste water treatment plants Fraunhofer researchers have developed a photochemical reaction system in which water can be reliably treated at high flow ... - Read More
Terahertz imaging which is already familiar from airport security checkpoints has a number of other promising applications from explosives detection to collision avoidance in cars Like sonar or radar terahertz imaging produces an image by ... - Read More
A specially formed material that can provide custom broadband absorption in the infrared can be identified and manufactured using genetic algorithms according to Penn State engineers who say these metamaterials can shield objects from view ... - Read More
The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface One method of altering the electrical properties of ... - Read More
For the observation of cold matter in the interstellar medium astronomers need instruments for the detection of terahertz radiation Specific high resolution instruments are based on terahertz quantum cascade lasers but operate only at cryogenic ... - Read More
UiTM researchers have developed a modified photocatalyst which is economical and effective at transforming organic pollutants into harmless end products Photocatalytic degradation is one of the highly effective applications in transforming organic pollutants to harmless ... - Read More
A landmark experiment on wave interference from the early 1800s is revisited using gold nanoparticles In the eighteenth century scientists faced a conundrum is light a wave or a particle One of strongest pieces of ... - Read More
Scientists of the KIT and the University of Kiev have produced an antibiotic whose biological activity can be controlled with light Thanks to the robust diarylethene photoswitch the antimicrobial effect of the peptide mimetic can ... - Read More
Thermal conduction is a familiar everyday phenomenon In a hot sauna for instance you can sit comfortably on a wooden bench that has a temperature of 100C 212F but if you touch a metallic nail ... - Read More
Damage to DNA by high energy radiation constitutes the most lethal damage occurring at the cellular level Surprisingly very low energy interactions with OH radicals for instance can also induce DNA damage including double strand ... - Read More
There's promising news from the front on efforts to produce fuels through artificial photosynthesis A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis JCAP shows that nearly 90 percent of ... - Read More
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More
Plasmonic nanostructures are of great current interest as chemical sensors in vivo imaging agents and for photothermal therapeutics explained David G Cahill a Willett Professor and head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering ... - Read More
Sheets of carbon just one atom thick could make effective transparent electrodes in certain types of photovoltaic cells Graphene a one atom thick sheet of carbon that is extremely strong and conducts electricity well is ... - Read More
Photoreactions are driven by light energy and are vital to the synthesis of many natural substances Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents chemists try to produce them synthetically But ... - Read More
A molecule containing a noble gas has been discovered in space by a team including astronomers from Cardiff University The find was made using a Cardiff led instrument aboard Europe's Herschel Space Observatory The molecule ... - Read More
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