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News articles about "Transition"

Materials: Two ways to tame a radical

Replacing traditional semiconductors with flexible and lightweight organic components has the potential to realize significant cost savings for manufacturers Recently a promising class of organic materials known as open shell polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs has ... - Read More

Earth's center is 1,000 degrees hotter than previously thought, synchrotron X-ray experiment shows

X-ray
Scientists have determined the temperature near the Earth's centre to be 6000 degrees Celsius 1000 degrees hotter than in a previous experiment run 20 years ago These measurements confirm geophysical models that the temperature difference ... - Read More

Rethinking early atmospheric oxygen: Possibility of more dynamic biological oxygen cycle on early Earth than previously supposed

Oxygen, Oxygen, oxygen
A research team of biogeochemists at the University of California Riverside has provided a new view on the relationship between the earliest accumulation of oxygen in the atmosphere arguably the most important biological event in ... - Read More

What planets are made of: Findings establish counterintuitive potential planet-forming materials

Planets
A team of researchers led by Artem R Oganov a professor of theoretical crystallography in the Department of Geosciences has made a startling prediction that challenges existing chemical models and current understanding of planetary interiors ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Geoscientists Predict New Compounds Could Change Our View of What Planets are Made of

a much cheaper route compared to traditional experimental methods ” said Zhu  “It is known that MgO makes up about 10 percent of the volume of our planet and on other planets this fraction can ... - Read More

Geochemical method finds links between terrestrial climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide

Atmospheric
Nearly 34 million years ago   Earth underwent a transformation from a warm high carbon dioxide greenhouse state to a lower CO2 variable climate similar to the modern icehouse world Massive ice sheets grew across ... - Read More

Scientists produce best image yet of atoms moving in real time

Time
Call it the ultimate nature documentary Scientists at the University of Toronto have recorded atomic motions in real time offering a glimpse into the very essence of chemistry and biology at the atomic level Share ... - Read More

Neighbors move electrons jointly: Ultrafast collective electron transfer after excitation of single electron

Electron, Electron, Electron
Applying femtosecond x ray methods researchers at the Max Born Institute in Berlin Germany and the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Switzerland observed an extremely fast collective electron transfer of ~100 molecular ions after excitation ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

Surf's up: Turbulence tells sea urchins to settle down

sea
Tumbling in the waves as they hit a rocky shore tells purple sea urchin larvae it's time to settle down and look for a spot to grow into an adult researchers at the University of ... - Read More

Tin nanocrystals for the battery of the future

Battery, nanocrystals
More powerful batteries could help electric cars achieve a considerably larger range and thus a breakthrough on the market A new nanomaterial for lithium ion batteries developed in the labs of chemists at ETH Zurich ... - Read More

New emissions standards would fuel shift from coal to natural gas

The cost of complying with tougher EPA air quality standards could spur an increased shift away from coal and toward natural gas for electricity generation according to a new Duke University study Share This See ... - Read More

Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Topic of Dozens of New Scientific Reports This Week

intramolecular or intermolecular Here we report results on radical cation stability and reactivity for possible redox shuttles in order to understand the possible mechanisms for the shuttle reaction in batteries DFT design and study of ... - Read More

Nobel Laureates and Their Research Teams at American Chemical Society Meeting

At least nine Nobel laureates have research that will be presented here this week during the 245th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society the world’s largest scientific society Research from the ... - Read More

Material turns 'schizophrenic' on way to superconductivity

Material, Material
Rice University physicists on the hunt for the origins of high temperature superconductivity have published new findings this week about a material that becomes schizophrenic simultaneously exhibiting the characteristics of both a metallic conductor and ... - Read More

Soils in newly forested areas store substantial carbon that could help offset climate change

Carbon, Climate change, Climate change, Climate, climate, carbon
Surface appearances can be so misleading In most forests the amount of carbon held in soils is substantially greater than the amount contained in the trees themselves Share This See Also Soil Types Organic Nature ... - Read More

Materials: Magnetic mystery solved

Highly porous materials known as metal organic frameworks MOFs are showing promise as catalysts and drug delivery vehicles Some scientific sleuthing by A*STAR researchers could now help industry to exploit the magnetic properties of MOFs ... - Read More

Glass-blowers at a nano scale

Glass, Nano
EPFL researchers are using the electrical properties of a scanning electron microscope to change the size of glass capillary tubes Their method has already been patented as it could pave the way to many novel ... - Read More

Catalyst in a teacup: New approach to chemical reduction

Reduction, Catalyst, Chemical reduction
Taking their inspiration from nature scientists at the University of New South Wales have developed a new method for carrying out chemical reduction an industrial process used to produce fuels and chemicals that are vital ... - Read More
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