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News articles about "Transition"

How carbonates behave in Earth's interior

Carbonates are the most important carbon reservoirs on the planet But what role do they play in the Earth's interior How do they react to conditions in the Earth's mantle These are the questions being ... - Read More

How iron feels the heat

As you heat up a piece of iron the arrangement of the iron atoms changes several times before melting This unusual behavior is one reason why steel in which iron plays a starring role is ... - Read More

Bacterial armor holds clues for self-assembling nanostructures

Imagine thousands of copies of a single protein organizing into a coat of chainmail armor that protects the wearer from harsh and ever changing environmental conditions That is the case for many microorganisms In a ... - Read More

First glimpse of a chemical bond being born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Exotic states materialize with supercomputers

Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More

Scientists Get First Glimpse of a Chemical Bond Being Born

Scientists have used an X ray laser at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to get the first glimpse of the transition state where two atoms begin to form a weak bond on ... - Read More

Chromium-centered cycloparaphenylene rings as new tools for making functionalized nanocarbons

A team of chemists at Nagoya University has synthesized novel transition metal complexed cycloparaphenylenes CPPs that enable selective monofunctionalization of CPPs for the first time opening doors to the construction of unprecedented nanocarbons Professor Kenichiro ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanotextures create antireflective surface on silicon solar cells

Reducing the amount of sunlight that bounces off the surface of solar cells helps maximize the conversion of the sun's rays to electricity so manufacturers use coatings to cut down on reflections Now scientists at ... - Read More

New planetary dashboard shows 'great acceleration' in human activity since 1950

Human activity predominantly the global economic system is now the prime driver of change in the Earth System the sum of our planet's interacting physical chemical biological and human processes according to a set of ... - Read More

New superconducting hybrid crystals

A new type of 'nanowire' crystals that fuses semiconducting and metallic materials on the atomic scale could lay the foundation for future semiconducting electronics Researchers at the University of Copenhagen are behind the breakthrough which ... - Read More

Glass for battery electrodes

For some time now energy experts have been adamant that we will need much more clean energy in the future if we are to replace fossil fuel sources and reduce CO2 emissions For example electric ... - Read More

How the Physics of Champagne and Soda Bubbles May Help Address the World's Future Energy Needs

Released 17 Dec 2014 9 45 AM ESTEmbargo expired 18 Dec 2014 11 00 AM ESTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Stunning Zinc Fireworks When Egg Meets Sperm

Sparks literally fly when a sperm and an egg hit it off The fertilized mammalian egg releases from its surface billions of zinc atoms in “zinc sparks ” one wave after another found a Northwestern ... - Read More

Basic rules for construction with a type of origami

Origami is capable of turning a simple sheet of paper into a pretty paper crane but the principles behind the paper folding art can also be applied to making a microfluidic device for a blood ... - Read More

Scientists measure speedy electrons in silicon

he entire semiconductor industry not to mention Silicon Valley is built on the propensity of electrons in silicon to get kicked out of their atomic shells and become free These mobile electrons are routed and ... - Read More

Laser sniffs out toxic gases from afar: System can ID chemicals in atmosphere from a kilometer away

Scientists have developed a way to sniff out tiny amounts of toxic gases a whiff of nerve gas for example or a hint of a chemical spill from up to one kilometer away The new ... - Read More

Permafrost soil: Possible source of abrupt rise in greenhouse gases at end of last ice age

Scientists from the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research AWI have identified a possible source of carbon dioxide CO2 and other greenhouse gases that were abruptly released to the atmosphere in ... - Read More

Good vibrations give electrons excitations that rock an insulator to go metallic

For more than 50 years scientists have debated what turns particular oxide insulators in which electrons barely move into metals in which electrons flow freely Some scientists sided with Nobel Prize winning physicist Nevill Mott ... - Read More

Scientists do glass a solid, with new theory on how it transitions from a liquid

How does glass transition from a liquid to its familiar solid state How does this common material transport heat and sound And what microscopic changes occur when a glass gains rigidity as it cools A ... - Read More

Scientists prove possibility of 'impossible' dust transition in turbulent flow

Researchers from MIPT and the Weizmann Institute of Science Israel have predicted the possibility of negative turbophoresis a phenomenon where impurity particles inside a turbulent flow move in an impossible direction The study by Sergei ... - Read More
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