The future of electronics could lie in a material from its past as researchers from The Ohio State University work to turn germanium the material of 1940s transistors into a potential replacement for silicon At ... - Read More
Scientists used supercomputers to find a new class of materials that possess an exotic state of matter known as the quantum spin Hall effect The researchers published their results in the journal Science in December ... - Read More
The discovery of topologically protected electrical conductivity on the surface of some materials whose bulk interior acts as an insulator was among the most sensational advances in the last decade of condensed matter physics with ... - Read More
Topology a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases the topological states of matter These intriguing phases generally accessible at very low temperature exhibit ... - Read More
Researchers at Rice University have created flexible patterned sheets of multilayer graphene from a cheap polymer by burning it with a computer controlled laser The process works in air at room temperature and eliminates the ... - Read More
An odd iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next generation electronics Physicists at the ... - Read More
Two physicists from the University of Warwick have taken to the kitchen to explain the complexity surrounding what they say is one of the last big mysteries in polymer physics As a way of demonstrating ... - Read More
Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More
that is filled with roughly three meters of DNA As the instructions for all cell processes the DNA must be accessible to the cell’s transcription machinery yet be compressed tightly enough to fit inside the ... - Read More
In a research paper published this week in Science the collaboration led by MIT's theory professor Leonid Levitov and Manchester's Nobel laureate Sir Andre Geim report a material in which electrons move at a controllable ... - Read More
They are three dimensional and yet single sided Moebius strips These twisted objects have only one side and one edge and they put our imagination to the test Under the leadership of Kiel University's chemist ... - Read More
In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More
Understanding collective behavior of ultra cold quantum gases is of great interest since it is intimately related to many encountered systems in nature such as human behavior swarms of birds traffic jam sand dunes neutron ... - Read More
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More
Most materials show one function for example a material can be a metal a semiconductor or an insulator Metals such as copper are used as conducting wires with only low resistance and energy loss Superconductors ... - Read More
The surface characteristics of nanoscaffolds made by nanotechnology are more similar to the three dimensional topological structure of the extracellular matrix and the effects on the biological behaviors of cells and tissue repair are more ... - Read More
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