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News articles about "Topological"

Defects are perfect in laser-induced graphene

Researchers at Rice University have created flexible patterned sheets of multilayer graphene from a cheap polymer by burning it with a computer controlled laser The process works in air at room temperature and eliminates the ... - Read More

45-year physics mystery shows a path to quantum transistors

An odd iridescent material that's puzzled physicists for decades turns out to be an exotic state of matter that could open a new path to quantum computers and other next generation electronics Physicists at the ... - Read More

Physicists create new kind of pasta to explain mysterious, ring-shaped polymers

Two physicists from the University of Warwick have taken to the kitchen to explain the complexity surrounding what they say is one of the last big mysteries in polymer physics As a way of demonstrating ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Special chromosomal structures control key genes

that is filled with roughly three meters of DNA As the instructions for all cell processes the DNA must be accessible to the cell’s transcription machinery yet be compressed tightly enough to fit inside the ... - Read More

New species of electrons can lead to better computing

In a research paper published this week in Science the collaboration led by MIT's theory professor Leonid Levitov and Manchester's Nobel laureate Sir Andre Geim report a material in which electrons move at a controllable ... - Read More

Molecules do the triple twist

They are three dimensional and yet single sided Moebius strips These twisted objects have only one side and one edge and they put our imagination to the test Under the leadership of Kiel University's chemist ... - Read More

Mapping behavior of charges in correlated spin-orbit coupled materials: Electronic disruption prods Mott insulator's conversion to metallic state

In a relatively recently discovered class of materials known as spin orbit Mott insulators theorists have predicted the emergence of new properties at points just beyond the insulating state when electronic manipulation can transform these ... - Read More

Natural 3-D counterpart to graphene discovered: New form of quantum matter

Quantum, Matter, Quantum, Matter
The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon promises exciting new things ... - Read More

Viewing macro behaviors of ultra-cold quantum gases through the micro-world

Understanding collective behavior of ultra cold quantum gases is of great interest since it is intimately related to many encountered systems in nature such as human behavior swarms of birds traffic jam sand dunes neutron ... - Read More

New simulatable model displaying exotic quantum phenomena

Quantum, Quantum
It is fascinating how quantum mechanical behavior of particles at smallest scales can give rise to strange properties that can be observed in the classical world One example is the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect FQH ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Determining the quantum geometry of a crystal

Crystal
Physicists have succeeded in measuring geometric properties of energy bands in light crystals Geometrical phases occur in many places in nature One of the simplest examples is the Foucault pendulum a tall pendulum free to ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More

New multifunctional topological insulator material with combined superconductivity

Most materials show one function for example a material can be a metal a semiconductor or an insulator Metals such as copper are used as conducting wires with only low resistance and energy loss Superconductors ... - Read More

Novel nanometer scaffolds regulate the biological behaviors of neural stem cells

biological, Nanometer
The surface characteristics of nanoscaffolds made by nanotechnology are more similar to the three dimensional topological structure of the extracellular matrix and the effects on the biological behaviors of cells and tissue repair are more ... - Read More

Quest for quantum computing advanced

Research teams from UW Milwaukee and the University of York investigating the properties of ultra thin films of new materials are helping bring quantum computing one step closer to reality An on going collaboration between ... - Read More

Add boron for better batteries

Lithium
Frustration led to revelation when Rice University scientists determined how graphene might be made useful for high capacity batteries Calculations by the Rice lab of theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson found a graphene boron anode should ... - Read More

First discovery of a natural topological insulator

In a step toward understanding and exploiting an exotic form of matter that has been sparking excitement for potential applications in a new genre of supercomputers scientists are reporting the first identification of a naturally ... - Read More

Engineers show feasibility of superfast materials: 'Organic topological insulators' for quantum computing

Topological
University of Utah engineers demonstrated it is feasible to build the first organic materials that conduct electricity on their edges but act as an insulator inside These materials called organic topological insulators could shuttle information ... - Read More
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