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News articles about "Temperature"

Magnetic nanoparticles could aid heat dissipation in nuclear plant cooling systems and electronics

Cooling systems generally rely on water pumped through pipes to remove unwanted heat Now researchers at MIT and in Australia have found a way of enhancing heat transfer in such systems by using magnetic fields ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

SlipChip counts molecules with chemistry and a cell phone

molecules
In developing nations rural areas and even one's own home limited access to expensive equipment and trained medical professionals can impede the diagnosis and treatment of disease Many qualitative tests that provide a simple yes ... - Read More

Could next new cancer drug come from Kentucky coal mines?

cancer, Coal
n their ongoing quest to develop the latest and most effective drugs for disease treatment researchers in the University of Kentucky's Center for Pharmaceutical Research and Innovation CPRI are looking deep as in deep underground ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño?

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

Single-atom bit forms smallest memory in the world

Atom, Atom, Atom
One atom equals one bit According to this design principle we would like to construct magnetic data memories in the future Presently a compound of several million atoms is needed to stabilize a magnetic bit ... - Read More

Warming since 1950s partly caused by El Niño

Ocean, Ocean
A natural shift to stronger warm El Niño events in the Pacific Ocean might be responsible for a substantial portion of the global warming recorded during the past 50 years according to new research at ... - Read More

New way to dissolve semiconductors holds promise for electronics industry

Semiconductors the foundation of modern electronics used in flat screen TVs and fighter jets could become even more versatile as researchers make headway on a novel inexpensive way to turn them into thin films Their ... - Read More

Study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production

Scattering
Researchers studying more effective ways to convert woody plant matter into biofuels at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified fundamental forces that change plant structures during pretreatment processes used in the ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

New method gives accurate picture of gas storage by microscopic cages

Gas
A computational method to quantify the adsorption of gas by porous zeolites should help labs know what to expect before they embark upon slow costly experiments according to researchers at Rice University The new method ... - Read More

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals

Metals, Microorganisms
On the continental margins where the seafloor drops hundreds of meters below the water's surface low temperatures and high pressure lock methane inside ice crystals Called methane hydrates these crystals are a potential energy source ... - Read More

Key processes of photosynthesis simulated on quantum level

Photosynthesis
By realising an artificial quantum system physicists at Heidelberg University have simulated key processes of photosynthesis on a quantum level with high spatial and temporal resolution In their experiment with Rydberg atoms the team of ... - Read More

Amazon deforestation could mean droughts for western U.S.

Climate, climate
In research meant to highlight how the destruction of the Amazon rainforest could affect climate elsewhere Princeton University led researchers report that the total deforestation of the Amazon may significantly reduce rain and snowfall in ... - Read More

Organizing programmed nanoparticles into highly complex nanostructures

Complex, Nanostructures
Animal and plant cells are prominent examples of how nature constructs ever larger units in a targeted preprogrammed manner using molecules as building blocks In nanotechnology scientists mimic this 'bottom up' technique by using the ... - Read More

New aluminum alloy stores hydrogen: Versatile, lightweight material opens the door to fuel cells of the future

Fuel, Fuel cells
We use aluminum to make planes lightweight store sodas in recyclable containers keep the walls of our homes energy efficient and ensure that the Thanksgiving turkey is cooked to perfection Now thanks to a group ... - Read More

New compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision

Atomic
Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms a switch that promises improved precision ... - Read More

Three-dimensional carbon goes metallic

Carbon, carbon
A theoretical three dimensional 3D form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team The findings which may significantly advance carbon science are published online ... - Read More

Tapping fungus to unlock energy: Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster

Fuel
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts The new research published in October ... - Read More
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