Plumes of several anthropogenic pollutants especially particulate matter and carbon monoxide located near ground level over China have for the first time been detected from space The work was carried out by a team at ... - Read More
Serpentinite hosted hydrothermal systems have been suggested as likely sites for the formation of organic compounds in the abiotic conditions of early Earth that is in the absence of living organisms Such compounds were likely ... - Read More
Using the interaction between light and charge fluctuations in metal nanostuctures called plasmons physicist have demonstrated the capability of measuring temperature changes in very small 3 D regions of space Plasmons can be thought of ... - Read More
During the abrupt cooling at the onset of the so called Younger Dryas period 12680 years ago changes in the water cycle were the main drivers of widespread environmental change in western Europe Thus the ... - Read More
In future thin film heating will allow plastic parts to be produced with greatly improved surface quality Researchers have also found a way to make the whole process more energy efficient If you have ever ... - Read More
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More
As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More
Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms In a spectacular experiment an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of ... - Read More
Vigorous mixing in the air above large cracks in Arctic sea ice that expose seawater to cold polar air pumps atmospheric mercury down to the surface finds a NASA field campaign This process can lead ... - Read More
Members of the public have a negative view of climate engineering the deliberate large scale manipulation of the environment to counteract climate change according to a new study The results are from researchers from the ... - Read More
Understanding collective behavior of ultra cold quantum gases is of great interest since it is intimately related to many encountered systems in nature such as human behavior swarms of birds traffic jam sand dunes neutron ... - Read More
Doctors may soon be able to diagnose stomach ulcers without taking tissue samples from the stomach Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark now report to have developed a new safer and noninvasive diagnostic technique ... - Read More
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More
Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More
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