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News articles about "Temperature"

New 3-D imaging techniques may improve understanding of biofuel plant material: Never-before-seen details

Comparison of 3D TEM imaging techniques reveals never seen before details of plant cell walls according to a study published September 10 2014 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Purbasha Sarkar from University ... - Read More

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More

How conversion of forests to cropland affects climate

The conversion of forests into cropland worldwide has triggered an atmospheric change that while seldom considered in climate models has had a net cooling effect on global temperatures according to a new Yale study Writing ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More

Researchers part water: 'electric prism' separates water's nuclear spin states

Using an electric prism scientists have found a new way of separating water molecules that differ only in their nuclear spin states and under normal conditions do not part ways Since water is such a ... - Read More

Discrepancy in Greenland temperatures during end of last ice age resolved

A new study of three ice cores from Greenland documents the warming of the large ice sheet at the end of the last ice age resolving a long standing paradox over when that warming occurred ... - Read More

Switching clicks in polymers: Thermoset materials acquire thermoplastic properties with the aid of triazolinediones

At Ghent University Belgium a new type of so called ‘click’ chemistry has been introduced Like with most of click chemistry it is based on a long known efficient chemical reaction which was now also ... - Read More

Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures

Materials made from nanoparticles hold promise for myriad applications from improved solar energy production to perfect touch screens The challenge in creating these wonder materials is organizing the nanoparticles into orderly arrangements Nanoparticles of magnetite ... - Read More

Seeing below the surface: Ultra-thin, high-speed detector captures unprecedented range of light waves

New research at the University of Maryland could lead to a generation of light detectors that can see below the surface of bodies walls and other objects Using the special properties of graphene a two ... - Read More

Clues to trapping carbon dioxide in rock: Calcium carbonate takes multiple, simultaneous roads to different minerals

One of the most important molecules on earth calcium carbonate crystallizes into chalk shells and minerals the world over In a study led by the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers used a ... - Read More

Metallic alloy is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperatures

A new concept in metallic alloy design called high‐entropy alloys has yielded a multiple element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record but unlike most materials the toughness as ... - Read More

Birth of a Mineral

or ACC which could be liquid or solid might also be a reservoir for sprouting minerals To find out the team created a miniature lab under a transmission electron microscope at the Molecular Foundry a ... - Read More

Changing Temperature Powers Sensors in Hard-to-Reach Places

Released 3 Sep 2014 11 45 AM EDTSource Newsroom University of Washington more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only Citations ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing ... - Read More

Watching the structure of glass under pressure

Glass has many applications that call for different properties such as resistance to thermal shock or to chemically harsh environments Glassmakers commonly use additives such as boron oxide to tweak these properties by changing the ... - Read More

New analytical technology reveals 'nanomechanical' surface traits

A new research platform uses a laser to measure the nanomechanical properties of tiny structures undergoing stress and heating an approach likely to yield insights to improve designs for microelectronics and batteries This new technique ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds are forever: Did comet collision leave layer of nanodiamonds across Earth?

Most of North America's megafauna mastodons short faced bears giant ground sloths saber toothed cats and American camels and horses disappeared close to 13 000 years ago at the end of the Pleistocene period The ... - Read More

Breaking benzene selectively, at relatively mild temperatures

Aromatic compounds are found widely in natural resources such as petroleum and biomass and breaking the carbon carbon bonds in these compounds plays an important role in the production of fuels and valuable chemicals from ... - Read More

Why some liquids are 'fragile' and others are 'strong'

Only recently has it become possible to accurately see the structure of a liquid Using X rays and a high tech apparatus that holds liquids without a container Kenneth Kelton PhD the Arthur Holly Compton ... - Read More

Materials: Cubic cluster chills out

A gadolinium based material that can be cooled by varying a magnetic field may be useful for cooling low temperature sensors Magnetic refrigeration is attracting attention as an efficient way to chill sensitive scientific instruments ... - Read More

Global warming pioneer calls for carbon dioxide to be taken from atmosphere and stored underground

Wally Broeker the first person to alert the world to global warming has called for atmospheric CO2 to be captured and stored underground He says that carbon capture combined with limits on fossil fuel emissions ... - Read More
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