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News articles about "Temperature"

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

Cloud mystery solved: Global temperatures to rise at least 4°C by 2100

climate, Climate, climate
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Polymer coatings based on molecular structures

Polymer
A novel method developed by researchers from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT and Jacobs University Bremen enables manufacturing of polymer layers with tailor made properties and multiple functions A stable porous gel SURGEL for biological ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets: Faster, more accurate imaging of hard-to-study membrane proteins

Membrane, Membrane
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets

Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

Scientists decode serotonin receptor at room temperature

Serotonin
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More

Hack the planet? Geoengineering research, ethics, governance explored

Climate, climate
Hacking Earth's climate to counteract global warming a subject that elicits strong reactions from both sides is the topic of a December special issue of the journal Climatic Change A dozen research papers include the ... - Read More

DNA motor 'walks' along nanotube, transports tiny particle

DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA, DNA
Researchers have created a new type of molecular motor made of DNA and demonstrated its potential by using it to transport a nanoparticle along the length of a carbon nanotube The design was inspired by ... - Read More

Lost freshwater may double climate change effects on agriculture

Agriculture, Freshwater
A warmer world is expected to have severe consequences for global agriculture and food supply reducing yields of major crops even as population and demand increases Now a new analysis combining climate agricultural and hydrological ... - Read More

Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests

carbon, Global warming, Global warming, Carbon
Latest climate and biosphere modelling suggests that the length of time carbon remains in vegetation during the global carbon cycle known as 'residence time' is the key uncertainty in predicting how Earth's terrestrial plant life ... - Read More

New results from inside the ozone hole

Ozone, Ozone
NASA scientists have revealed the inner workings of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica and found that declining chlorine in the stratosphere has not yet caused a recovery of the ozone hole More ... - Read More

Smashing science: Scientists discover how explosives respond to shockwaves

Science, Science
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have combined ultrafast time resolved experimental measurements with theory to reveal how an explosive responds to a high impact shock The work involved advances in both ultrafast experimental shock wave ... - Read More

First measurement flight: Research aircraft HALO explores trade wind clouds

Atmospheric
Which climate effects do clouds have Under what conditions do they warm or cool the atmosphere Today after more than five years of preparation the specially equipped research aircraft HALO High Altitude and Long Range ... - Read More

Astronomers solve temperature mystery of planetary atmospheres

Astronomers
An atmospheric peculiarity Earth shares with Jupiter Saturn Uranus and Neptune is likely common to billions of planets University of Washington astronomers have found and knowing that may help in the search for potentially habitable ... - Read More

Rivers and streams release more greenhouse gas than all lakes

Gas
Rivers and streams release carbon dioxide at a rate five times greater than the world's lakes and reservoirs combined contrary to common belief Research from the University of Waterloo was a key component of the ... - Read More

Engineering researchers report on nanoscale energy-efficient switching devices

Engineering
By relentlessly miniaturizing a pre World War II computer technology and combining this with a new and durable material researchers at Case Western Reserve University have built nanoscale switches and logic gates that operate more ... - Read More
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