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News articles about "Temperature"

Solar-power device would use heat to enhance efficiency

Heat
A new approach to harvesting solar energy developed by MIT researchers could improve efficiency by using sunlight to heat a high temperature material whose infrared radiation would then be collected by a conventional photovoltaic cell ... - Read More

Soil microbes alter DNA in response to warming

As scientists forecast the impacts of climate change one missing piece of the puzzle is what will happen to the carbon in the soil and the microbes that control the fate of this carbon as ... - Read More

Energy storage in miniaturized capacitors may boost green energy technology

Energy, Energy, Energy, energy, energy
The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes So called supercapacitors take the energy storing abilities of capacitors a step ... - Read More

Two-proton bit controlled by a single copper atom

Proton, Atom, Atom, Proton, Atom, Proton
Just a single foreign atom located in the vicinity of a molecule can change spatial arrangement of its atoms In a spectacular experiment an international team of researchers was able to change persistently positions of ... - Read More

Cracked sea ice stirs up Arctic mercury concern

sea, Ice, Mercury
Vigorous mixing in the air above large cracks in Arctic sea ice that expose seawater to cold polar air pumps atmospheric mercury down to the surface finds a NASA field campaign This process can lead ... - Read More

Climate Engineering: What do the public think?

Members of the public have a negative view of climate engineering the deliberate large scale manipulation of the environment to counteract climate change according to a new study The results are from researchers from the ... - Read More

Viewing macro behaviors of ultra-cold quantum gases through the micro-world

Understanding collective behavior of ultra cold quantum gases is of great interest since it is intimately related to many encountered systems in nature such as human behavior swarms of birds traffic jam sand dunes neutron ... - Read More

Scientists make your stomach turn bright green if you have an ulcer

Green
Doctors may soon be able to diagnose stomach ulcers without taking tissue samples from the stomach Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark now report to have developed a new safer and noninvasive diagnostic technique ... - Read More

Quantum mechanics explains efficiency of photosynthesis

Photosynthesis
Light gathering macromolecules in plant cells transfer energy by taking advantage of molecular vibrations whose physical descriptions have no equivalents in classical physics according to the first unambiguous theoretical evidence of quantum effects in photosynthesis ... - Read More

Symbiotic fungi inhabiting plant roots have major impact on atmospheric carbon, scientists say

Fungi, Atmospheric
Microscopic fungi that live in plants' roots play a major role in the storage and release of carbon from the soil into the atmosphere according to a University of Texas at Austin researcher and his ... - Read More

Fungi may determine the future of soil carbon

Fungi
When scientists discuss global change they often focus on the amount of carbon in the atmosphere and vegetation But soil contains more carbon than air and plants combined This means that even a minor change ... - Read More

The entropy of nations: Global energy inequality lessens, but for how long?

Entropy, Entropy, Entropy
The 18th century writer Adam Smith provided a workable metaphor for the way society utilizes resources In his book The Wealth of Nations he argued that even as individuals strive through personal industry to maximize ... - Read More

Found: New cellulose digestion mechanism by fast-eating enzyme

Researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL have discovered that an enzyme from a microorganism first found in the Valley of Geysers on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia in 1990 can digest ... - Read More

Cloud mystery solved: Global temperatures to rise at least 4°C by 2100

climate, Climate, climate
Global average temperatures will rise at least 4°C by 2100 and potentially more than 8°C by 2200 if carbon dioxide emissions are not reduced according to new research published in Nature Scientists found global climate ... - Read More

Negative temperature negated

Negative temperature
Over the past 60 years several theories and experiments have claimed the existence of negative absolute temperatures in certain quantum systems This fuelled speculations about hyper efficient heat engines that could act as perpetual motion ... - Read More

Polymer coatings based on molecular structures

Polymer
A novel method developed by researchers from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT and Jacobs University Bremen enables manufacturing of polymer layers with tailor made properties and multiple functions A stable porous gel SURGEL for biological ... - Read More

Physicists delve into fundamental laws of biological materials

Biological materials, biological
Physicists at the University of Chicago and the University of Massachusetts Amherst are uncovering the fundamental physical laws that govern the behavior of cellular materials We don't have any tools or formalism to think about ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets: Faster, more accurate imaging of hard-to-study membrane proteins

Membrane, Membrane
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

New way to map important drug targets

Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug, Drug
Researchers have used new techniques and one of the brightest X ray sources on the planet to map the 3 D structure of an important cellular gatekeeper in a more natural state than possible before ... - Read More

Scientists decode serotonin receptor at room temperature

Serotonin
An international research team has decoded the molecular structure of the medically important serotonin receptor at room temperature for the first time This study reveals the dynamics of the receptor at close to its operating ... - Read More
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