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News articles about "System"

Polymer gel, heal thyself: Engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged

Composites, Gel, Engineering, Polymer
When a chair leg breaks or a cell phone shatters either must be repaired or replaced But what if these materials could be programmed to regenerate themselves replenishing the damaged or missing components and thereby ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Pills of the future: Nanoparticles

Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles, Nanoparticles
Drugs delivered by nanoparticles hold promise for targeted treatment of many diseases including cancer However the particles have to be injected into patients which has limited their usefulness so far Now researchers from MIT and ... - Read More

Even if emissions stop, carbon dioxide could warm Earth for centuries

Emissions
Even if carbon dioxide emissions came to a sudden halt the carbon dioxide already in Earth's atmosphere could continue to warm our planet for hundreds of years according to Princeton University led research published in ... - Read More

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend

Fungi
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on ... - Read More

Step closer to composite-based electronics

A new study demonstrates that electrical resistivity obeys a staircase like dependence on the conducting particle concentration in composite materials Composite materials are of increasing interest to physicists Typically they are made of electrically conducting ... - Read More

Flashes of brilliance: Roots of superfluorescent bursts from quantum wells discovered

Quantum, Quantum
Spontaneous bursts of light from a solid block illuminate the unusual way interacting quantum particles behave when they are driven far from equilibrium The discovery by Rice University scientists of a way to trigger these ... - Read More

Ultra-sensitive force sensing with levitating nanoparticle

Nanoparticle, Nanoparticle
A recent study led by researchers of the Institute of Photonic Sciences ICFO achieved the highest force sensitivity ever observed with a nano mechanical resonator The scientific results of this study have been published in ... - Read More

Inner workings of bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video

Time
Cyanobacteria found in just about every ecosystem on Earth are one of the few bacteria that can create their own energy through photosynthesis and fix carbon from carbon dioxide molecules and convert it into fuel ... - Read More

Gentle pasteurization of milk – with microwaves

Microwaves, Milk
In the EU funded project MicroMilk European SMEs together with the University of Hohenheim and the Fraunhofer IGB have developed a novel method for pasteurization of milk with microwaves The system preserves the valuable components ... - Read More

Using waste heat to make cars more efficient

Yanliang Zhang wants to make vehicles more efficient by using a resource most people aren't even aware of the waste heat that results from the inherent inefficiency of engines when converting fuel into energy Zhang ... - Read More

Faster and cheaper technique to cool electronic systems developed

A novel cooling system developed by researchers from the National University of Singapore NUS will pave the way for cheaper and more effective thermal control systems The innovative technique can potentially achieve up to 50 ... - Read More

Magnetic nanoparticles could aid heat dissipation in nuclear plant cooling systems and electronics

Cooling systems generally rely on water pumped through pipes to remove unwanted heat Now researchers at MIT and in Australia have found a way of enhancing heat transfer in such systems by using magnetic fields ... - Read More

Graphene nanoribbons for 'reading' DNA: Researchers improve the nanopore-based technology for detecting DNA molecules

molecules
If we wanted to count the number of people in a crowd we could make on the fly estimates very likely to be imprecise or we could ask each person to pass through a turnstile ... - Read More

What water looks like to DNA

Water, Water, Water
A team of biochemists and mathematicians have developed a sophisticated geometric model to predict how a biological molecule will interact with water molecules computing the results up to 20 times faster than other existing approaches ... - Read More

Oxygen, phosphorus and early life on Earth

Phosphorus, phosphorus, Earth, earth
Two billion years ago Earth system was recovering from perhaps the single most profound modification of its surface environments the oxygenation of the atmosphere and oceans This led to a series of major changes in ... - Read More

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity

The decadeslong effort to create practical superconductors moved a step forward with the discovery at Rice University that two distinctly different iron based compounds share common mechanisms for moving electrons Samples from two classes of ... - Read More

Organic lights and solar cells straight from the printer

cells, cells
Flickering façades curved monitors flashing clothing fluorescent wallpaper flexible solar cells and all printable This is no make believe vision of the future it will soon be possible using a new printing process for organic ... - Read More

Spintronics: Nano magnets arise at 2-D boundaries

Magnets, Nano
When you squeeze atoms you don't get atom juice You get magnets According to a new theory by Rice University scientists imperfections in certain two dimensional materials create the conditions by which nanoscale magnetic fields ... - Read More

Tiny 'Lego' blocks build Janus nanotubes with potential for new drugs and water purification

Researchers have created tiny protein tubes named after the Roman god Janus which may offer a new way to accurately channel drugs into the body's cells Using a process which they liken to molecular Lego ... - Read More
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