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News articles about "System"

ORNL Team First to Fully Sequence Bacterial Genome Important to Fuel and Chemical Production

Katie Elyce Jones ### Image caption Sagar Utturkar coauthor of high rating biotechnology paper in the team’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory lab Permalink to this article Comment Share ... - Read More

Researchers Study Vital 'On/Off Switches' That Control When Bacteria Turn Deadly

No matter how many times it’s demonstrated it’s still hard to envision bacteria as social communicating creatures But by using a signaling system called “quorum sensing ” these single celled organisms radically alter their behavior ... - Read More

X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side

Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and ... - Read More

Bacterial communication: And so they beat on, flagella against the cantilever

A team of researchers at Boston University and Stanford University School of Medicine has developed a new model to study the motion patterns of bacteria in real time and to determine how these motions relate ... - Read More

Microfluidics: Lab on a breathing chip

Human nasal epithelial cells cultured on a microchip react to air pollutants just like they would in the upper airway The upper respiratory tract is the first line of defense against air pollutants including allergens ... - Read More

Imaging fuel injectors with neutrons

Blowing bubbles may be fun for kids but for engineers bubbles can disrupt fluid flow and damage metal Researchers from the Fuels Engines and Emissions Research Center at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National ... - Read More

Three's a charm: Detectors reveal entangled photon triplets

Researchers at the University of Waterloo in Canada have directly entangled three photons in the most technologically useful state for the first time thanks in part to superfast super efficient single photon detectors developed by ... - Read More

Rolling 'neat' nanotube fibers: Acid-free approach leads to strong conductive carbon threads

The very idea of fibers made of carbon nanotubes is neat but Rice University scientists are making them neat literally The single walled carbon nanotubes in new fibers created at Rice line up like a ... - Read More

High-altitude balloon over Ontario, Canada: Researchers measure ozone-depleting bromine

How much does bromine affect stratospheric ozone Answering this question is the primary objective of measurements by a multi instrument gondola carried by a high altitude balloon The gondola accommodates a unique combination of remote ... - Read More

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More

Self-cleaning surfaces: The importance of a single groove

An innovative algorithm exposes the energy pathways that cause super repellent surfaces to stop working 'Superhydrophobic' surfaces such as anti icing or self cleaning windows are remarkably effective at repelling water molecules However they may ... - Read More

New NASA probe will study Earth's forests in 3-D

A laser based instrument being developed for the International Space Station will provide a unique 3 D view of Earth's forests helping to fill in missing information about their role in the carbon cycle Called ... - Read More

How conversion of forests to cropland affects climate

The conversion of forests into cropland worldwide has triggered an atmospheric change that while seldom considered in climate models has had a net cooling effect on global temperatures according to a new Yale study Writing ... - Read More

Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food

The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food a new study suggests Elevated carbon dioxide levels impaired the ... - Read More

Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans, WMO report finds

The amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new record high in 2013 propelled by a surge in levels of carbon dioxide This is according to the World Meteorological Organization's annual Greenhouse Gas ... - Read More

How to estimate energy footprint in highways

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid have developed an application to estimate energy footprint in highways This application software HERA was developed by researchers of The Transport Research Centre TRANSyT at the Universidad Politécnica ... - Read More

Co-flowing liquids can stabilize chaotic 'whipping' in microfluidic jets

Industrial wet spinning processes produce fibers from polymers and other materials by using tiny needles to eject continuous jets of liquid precursors The electrically charged liquids ejected from the needles normally exhibit a chaotic whipping ... - Read More

'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems

Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter The researchers are not shining light through crystal they are transforming light into ... - Read More

In Directing Stem Cells, Study Shows Context Matters

has been working to produce precise chemically defined surfaces on which to grow stem cells “A cell will react differently if it lands near soft tissue like the brain ” To fully explore the idea ... - Read More

Life forms appeared at least 60 million years earlier than previously thought

Geologists from Trinity College Dublin have rewritten the evolutionary history books by finding that oxygen producing life forms were present on Earth some 3 billion years ago a full 60 million years earlier than previously ... - Read More
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