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News articles about "sugars"

Scientists use 'the force' (atomic force microscopy) to decode secrets of our gut

Atomic, Microscopy
A new technique based on atomic force microscopy was developed at the Institute of Food Research to help 'read' information encoded in the gut lining Share This See Also Colitis Gastrointestinal Problems Biochemistry Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Enzymes From Horse Feces Could Hold Secrets to Streamlining Biofuel Production

led to the identification of literally hundreds of enzymes capable of breaking through that tough lignin in plant cell walls and the cellulose within The team now is shifting through that bounty to identify the ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

Sweet success: Catalyzing more sugars from biomass

sugars
Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More

Researchers engineer plant cell walls to boost sugar yields for biofuels

sugar
When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it's generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth For thousands of years it ... - Read More

Discovery may allow scientists to make fuel from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

Fuel
Excess carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere created by the widespread burning of fossil fuels is the major driving force of global climate change and researchers the world over are looking for new ways to generate ... - Read More

Discovery may allow scientists to make fuel from CO2 in the atmosphere

Fuel
Excess carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere created by the widespread burning of fossil fuels is the major driving force of global climate change and researchers the world over are looking for new ways to generate ... - Read More

Catalyst in a teacup: New approach to chemical reduction

Reduction, Catalyst, Chemical reduction
Taking their inspiration from nature scientists at the University of New South Wales have developed a new method for carrying out chemical reduction an industrial process used to produce fuels and chemicals that are vital ... - Read More

Enzymes allow DNA to swap information with exotic molecules

molecules
The discovery of the Rosetta Stone resolved a longstanding puzzle permitting the translation of Egyptian hieroglyphs into Ancient Greek Share This See Also Biochemistry Research Biotechnology Organic Chemistry Biochemistry RNA Protein folding Denaturation biochemistry Macromolecule ... - Read More

New cancer diagnostic technique debuts

Cancer cells break down sugars and produce the metabolic acid lactate at a much higher rate than normal cells This phenomenon provides a telltale sign that cancer is present via diagnostics such as PET scans ... - Read More

Biochemical engineering: Waste not, want not

A simple fermentation treatment can convert a by product of biofuel production into a valuable chemical feedstock for a wide range of biomedical products Share This See Also Cell Biology Agriculture and Food Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Catalysts that produce 'green' fuel

The energy produced by solar panels be it heat or electricity has to be used right away It is hard to store and preserve and also its transportation can be rather complicated Creating solar cells ... - Read More

Biomass analysis tool is faster, more precise

Analysis
A screening tool from the U S Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory NREL eases and greatly quickens one of the thorniest tasks in the biofuels industry determining cell wall chemistry to find plants ... - Read More

New evidence that comets could have seeded life on Earth

Earth, earth
t's among the most ancient of questions What are the origins of life on Earth Share This See Also Asteroids Comets and Meteors Astronomy Earth Science Near Earth Object Impacts Origin of Life Charles Darwin ... - Read More

Engineering cells for more efficient biofuel production

In the search for renewable alternatives to gasoline heavy alcohols such as isobutanol are promising candidates Not only do they contain more energy than ethanol but they are also more compatible with existing gasoline based ... - Read More

What green algae are up to in the dark

Green
How green algae produce hydrogen in the dark is reported by biologists at the Ruhr Universität Bochum in the Journal of Biological Chemistry Biologists have uncovered a mechanism for the production of the gas which ... - Read More

Scientists turn toxic by-product into biofuel booster

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme
Scientists studying an enzyme that naturally produces alkanes long carbon chain molecules that could be a direct replacement for the hydrocarbons in gasoline have figured out why the natural reaction typically stops after three to ... - Read More

Newly discovered plant structure may lead to improved biofuel processing

Plant
When Li Tan approached his colleagues at the University of Georgia with some unusual data he had collected they initially seemed convinced that his experiment had become contaminated what he was seeing simply didn't make ... - Read More

Biologistics: How fast do chemical trains move in living cells?

The rate of chemical processes in cells is dictated by the speed of movement diffusion of molecules needed for a given reaction Using a versatile method developed at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the ... - Read More
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