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News articles about "sugars"

Scientists discover mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new materials

Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect ... - Read More

Polymer ribbons for better healing

Polymer
Freiburg researchers develop hydrogels for tissue regeneration that can be fine tuned to fit any body part A new kind of gel that promotes the proper organization of human cells was developed by Prof Prasad ... - Read More

Great exaptations: Most traits emerge for no crucial reason, scientists find

Carbon, carbon
Exactly how new traits emerge is a question that has long puzzled evolutionary biologists While some adaptations develop to address a specific need others called exaptations develop as a by product of another feature with ... - Read More

Bioenergy potential unearthed in leaf-cutter ant communities

Bacteria, bacteria
As spring warms up Wisconsin humans aren't the only ones tending their gardens At the University of Wisconsin Madison Department of Bacteriology colonies of leaf cutter ants cultivate thriving communities of fungi and bacteria using ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Artificial forest for solar water-splitting: First fully integrated artificial photosynthesis nanosystem

Photosynthesis
In the wake of the sobering news that atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least three million years an important advance in the race to develop carbon neutral renewable energy ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

'Power plants': How to harvest electricity directly from plants

Plants, plants
The sun provides the most abundant source of energy on the planet However only a tiny fraction of the solar radiation on Earth is converted into useful energy To help solve this problem researchers at ... - Read More

Lucky bacteria strike it rich during formation of treatment-resistant colonies: Research could help in battle against infections that do not respond to powerful drugs

In biology we often think of natural selection and survival of the fittest What about survival of the luckiest Like pioneers in search of a better life bacteria on a surface wander around and often ... - Read More

Just what makes that little old ant… change a flower's nectar content?

sugar
Ants play a variety of important roles in many ecosystems As frequent visitors to flowers they can benefit plants in their role as pollinators when they forage on sugar rich nectar However a new study ... - Read More

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production

Catalyst
In a paper to be published in an upcoming issue of Energy & amp Environmental Science researchers at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low cost stable effective ... - Read More

Special E. coli bacteria produce diesel on demand

Bacteria, bacteria
It sounds like science fiction but a team from the University of Exeter with support from Shell has developed a method to make bacteria produce diesel on demand While the technology still faces many significant ... - Read More

Scientists use 'the force' (atomic force microscopy) to decode secrets of our gut

Atomic, Microscopy
A new technique based on atomic force microscopy was developed at the Institute of Food Research to help 'read' information encoded in the gut lining Share This See Also Colitis Gastrointestinal Problems Biochemistry Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Enzymes From Horse Feces Could Hold Secrets to Streamlining Biofuel Production

led to the identification of literally hundreds of enzymes capable of breaking through that tough lignin in plant cell walls and the cellulose within The team now is shifting through that bounty to identify the ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

Sweet success: Catalyzing more sugars from biomass

sugars
Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More

Researchers engineer plant cell walls to boost sugar yields for biofuels

sugar
When blessed with a resource in overwhelming abundance it's generally a good idea to make valuable use of that resource Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant organic material on Earth For thousands of years it ... - Read More

Discovery may allow scientists to make fuel from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere

Fuel
Excess carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere created by the widespread burning of fossil fuels is the major driving force of global climate change and researchers the world over are looking for new ways to generate ... - Read More

Discovery may allow scientists to make fuel from CO2 in the atmosphere

Fuel
Excess carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere created by the widespread burning of fossil fuels is the major driving force of global climate change and researchers the world over are looking for new ways to generate ... - Read More
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