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News articles about "sugar"

Bioenergy potential unearthed in leaf-cutter ant communities

Bacteria, bacteria
As spring warms up Wisconsin humans aren't the only ones tending their gardens At the University of Wisconsin Madison Department of Bacteriology colonies of leaf cutter ants cultivate thriving communities of fungi and bacteria using ... - Read More

Autonomous energy-scavenging micro devices will test water quality, monitor bridges, more

Water, Water, Water
Out in the wilds or anywhere off the grid sophisticated instruments small enough to fit in a shirt pocket will one day scavenge power from sunlight body heat or other sources to monitor water quality ... - Read More

Martian clay contains chemical implicated in the origin of life, astrobiologists find

chemical, chemical, Chemical, Chemical
Researchers from the University of Hawaii at Manoa NASA Astrobiology Institute UHNAI have discovered high concentrations of boron in a Martian meteorite When present in its oxidized form borate boron may have played a key ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ for Enhancing Biofuel Production

All chefs know that you have to break some eggs to make an omelet and that includes engineers at Iowa State University who are using high frequency sound waves to break down plant materials in ... - Read More

Detecting mirror molecules: New technique reliably tells left-handed from right-handed variant of a compound

Harvard physicists have developed a novel technique that can detect molecular variants in chemical mixtures greatly simplifying a process that is one of the most important though time consuming processes in analytical chemistry As described ... - Read More

Unique method creates correct mirror image of molecule

Molecule, molecule
Many molecules have a right and a left form just like shoes In pharmaceuticals it is important that the correct form of the molecule is used Researchers at the University of Gothenburg Sweden have been ... - Read More

Molecular basis of strawberry aroma

Molecular basis
You know that summer is here when juicy red strawberries start to appear on the shelves In Germany this seasonal fruit has never been more popular on average 3.5 kilos per head were consumed in ... - Read More

New advance in biofuel production

sugars
Advanced biofuels liquid fuels synthesized from the sugars in cellulosic biomass offer a clean green and renewable alternative to gasoline diesel and jet fuels Bringing the costs of producing these advanced biofuels down to competitive ... - Read More

Lucky bacteria strike it rich during formation of treatment-resistant colonies: Research could help in battle against infections that do not respond to powerful drugs

In biology we often think of natural selection and survival of the fittest What about survival of the luckiest Like pioneers in search of a better life bacteria on a surface wander around and often ... - Read More

New plant protein discoveries could ease global food and fuel demands

Fuel
New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests increase salt and drought tolerance control water loss and store sugar can have profound implications for ... - Read More

Just what makes that little old ant… change a flower's nectar content?

sugar
Ants play a variety of important roles in many ecosystems As frequent visitors to flowers they can benefit plants in their role as pollinators when they forage on sugar rich nectar However a new study ... - Read More

Plant protein shape puzzle solved by molecular 3-D model

Molecular, Plant, plant, molecular
Researchers from North Carolina State University believe they have solved a puzzle that has vexed science since plants first appeared on Earth Share This See Also Endangered Plants Botany Biology Biochemistry Materials Science Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Scientists use 'the force' (atomic force microscopy) to decode secrets of our gut

Atomic, Microscopy
A new technique based on atomic force microscopy was developed at the Institute of Food Research to help 'read' information encoded in the gut lining Share This See Also Colitis Gastrointestinal Problems Biochemistry Organic Chemistry ... - Read More

Enzymes From Horse Feces Could Hold Secrets to Streamlining Biofuel Production

led to the identification of literally hundreds of enzymes capable of breaking through that tough lignin in plant cell walls and the cellulose within The team now is shifting through that bounty to identify the ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

New Evidence That Natural Substances in Green Coffee Beans Help Control Blood Sugar Levels

Scientists today described evidence that natural substances extracted from unroasted coffee beans can help control the elevated blood sugar levels and body weight that underpin type 2 diabetes Their presentation on chlorogenic acids ― widely ... - Read More

'Chemistry of the Bar' Symposium Focuses on New Orleans' Hurricane Cocktail and More

Call their taste and effects appealing or appalling no matter In a city that claims credit for invention of the cocktail the Hurricane Sazerac Pimm’s Cup Bayou Bash Hand Grenade Ramos Gin Fizz and other ... - Read More

Sweet success: Catalyzing more sugars from biomass

sugars
Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More
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