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News articles about "Substrate"

Diamond as a building material for optical circuits

Building, Diamond
The application of light for information processing opens up a multitude of possibilities However to be able to adequately use photons in circuits and sensors materials need to have particular optical and mechanical properties Researchers ... - Read More

Cost-Saving Measure to Upgrade Ethanol to Butanol -- A Better Alternative to Gasoline

despite several disadvantages Ethanol for instance has a lower energy content per gallon than gasoline which can reduce fuel mileage Ethanol also has a corrosive effect on car engines and can’t easily be used in ... - Read More

Major Symposium on Arsenic Contamination in Food and Water Supplies

manufacturers stopped adding it to common household products ” Other speakers in the symposium focused on the ongoing problem of arsenic contamination in the 21st century Arsenic occurs naturally in elevated concentrations in the soil ... - Read More

Sweet success: Catalyzing more sugars from biomass

sugars
Catalysis may initiate almost all modern industrial manufacturing processes but catalytic activity on solid surfaces is poorly understood This is especially true for the cellulase enzymes used to release fermentable sugars from cellulosic biomass for ... - Read More

Egyptian Wedding Certificate Key to Authenticating Controversial Biblical Text

from Augusta Honduras Now a major heritage site Augusta was founded as an English stronghold on Roatan Island from 1742 1748 and hosted a mix of English militia and indigenous Miskitu While historical documents provide ... - Read More

Nobel Laureates and Their Research Teams at American Chemical Society Meeting

At least nine Nobel laureates have research that will be presented here this week during the 245th National Meeting & amp Exposition of the American Chemical Society the world’s largest scientific society Research from the ... - Read More

Even graphene has weak spots

Materials, materials
Graphene the single atom thick form of carbon has become famous for its extraordinary strength But less than perfect sheets of the material show unexpected weakness according to researchers at Rice University in Houston and ... - Read More

Manufacturing: Plasma treatments on a roll

Plasma
A revolutionary atmospheric pressure plasma boosts adhesion of polymer films for roll to roll solar cell production Share This See Also Chemistry Medical Technology Nature of Water Materials Science Physics Solar Energy Electrical conduction Evaporation ... - Read More

Engineers enable 'bulk' silicon to emit visible light for the first time

Time, Silicon
Electronic computing speeds are brushing up against limits imposed by the laws of physics Photonic computing where photons replace comparatively slow electrons in representing information could surpass those limitations but the components of such computers ... - Read More

Trees used to create recyclable, efficient solar cell

cell, cell
Solar cells are just like leaves capturing the sunlight and turning it into energy It's fitting that they can now be made partially from trees Share This See Also Solar Energy Petroleum Materials Science Energy ... - Read More

Catalyst in a teacup: New approach to chemical reduction

Reduction, Catalyst, Chemical reduction
Taking their inspiration from nature scientists at the University of New South Wales have developed a new method for carrying out chemical reduction an industrial process used to produce fuels and chemicals that are vital ... - Read More

How organic magnets grow in a thin film

Development of organic single molecule magnets opens a great many of applications for magnetic materials and new memory technologies Organic magnets are lighter more flexible and less energy intensive in production than conventional magnets Share ... - Read More

Device may lead to quicker, more efficient diagnostics

Diagnostics
A twist on thin film technology may provide a way to optically detect and analyze multiple substances simultaneously leading to quicker diagnostics in such industries as health care and homeland security according to Penn State ... - Read More

Researchers solve riddle of what has been holding two unlikely materials together

Materials, materials
For years researchers have developed thin films of bismuth telluride Bi2Te3 which converts heat into electricity or electricity to cooling on top of gallium arsenide GaAs to create cooling devices for electronics But while they ... - Read More

Metal ions regulate terpenoid metabolism in insects

Ions, Metabolism
Max Planck scientists in Jena Germany have discovered an unusual regulation of enzymes that catalyze chain elongation in an important secondary metabolism the terpenoid pathway In the horseradish leaf beetle Phaedon cochleariae a single enzyme ... - Read More

Fungal cleaning crew: Chemists determine the structure of an enzyme that breaks down dyes

Fungi serve as a kind of natural cleaning crew for the ecosystem They form enzymes that can degrade hazardous substances converting natural as well as human made toxins into harmless compounds For instance they can ... - Read More

'NanoVelcro' device to grab single cancer cells from blood: Improvement enables 'liquid biopsies' for metastatic melanoma

cancer
Researchers at UCLA report that they have refined a method they previously developed for capturing and analyzing cancer cells that break away from patients' tumors and circulate in the blood With the improvements to their ... - Read More

Marsh plants actively engineer their landscape

Plants, plants
Marsh plants far from being passive wallflowers are secret gardeners that actively engineer their landscape to increase their species' odds of survival says a team of scientists from Duke University and the University of Padova ... - Read More

Light-emitting bioprobe fits in a single cell

cell, Light, Light, cell
If engineers at Stanford have their way biological research may soon be transformed by a new class of light emitting probes small enough to be injected into individual cells without harm to the host Welcome ... - Read More

World's most sensitive plasmon resonance sensor inspired by ancient Roman cup

Resonance, Resonance
Utilizing optical characteristics first demonstrated by the ancient Romans researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign have created a novel ultra sensitive tool for chemical DNA and protein analysis Share This See Also ... - Read More
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