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News articles about "Substances"

Potential well water contaminants highest near natural gas drilling

Contaminants, Natural gas, Gas
A new study of 100 private water wells in and near the Barnett Shale showed elevated levels of potential contaminants such as arsenic and selenium closest to natural gas extraction sites according to a team ... - Read More

New techniques use lasers, LEDs, and optics to 'see' under the skin

Impressive examples of new non invasive optical techniques using lasers light emitting diodes LEDs and spectroscopic methods to probe and render images from beneath the surface of the skin are featured in a newly completed ... - Read More

Watching molecule movements in live cells

Molecule, molecule, cells, cells
The newly developed STED RICS microscopy method records rapid movements of molecules in live samples By combining raster image correlation spectroscopy RICS with STED fluorescence microscopy researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT opened up ... - Read More

Non-toxic flame retardants

Materials, materials
Flame retardants are often extremely harmful to health Despite this they are found in many types of synthetic materials which would otherwise ignite quickly Empa researchers have now succeeded in producing non harmful flame retardants ... - Read More

New way to study and improve catalytic reactions

Catalysts are everywhere They make chemical reactions that normally occur at extremely high temperatures and pressures possible within factories cars and the comparatively balmy conditions within the human body Developing better catalysts however is mainly ... - Read More

Computing toxic chemicals

A new computational method for working out in advance whether a chemical will be toxic will be reporting in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Data Mining and Bioinformatics There is increasing pressure ... - Read More

Facebook for molecules

Social media has expanded to reach an unlikely new target molecules Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have created networks of molecular data similar to Facebook's recently debuted graph search feature ... - Read More

Using bacteria batteries to make electricity

Their idea is state of the art Ten Bielefeld students have set their sights on constructing a bio battery They want to make use of the bacteria Escherichia coli to convert glucose into energy With ... - Read More

Levitation: Droplets surfing on sound waves

Sound, Sound waves
ETH researchers are able to make objects such as particles and liquid droplets fly in mid air by letting them ride on acoustic waves For the first time they have been able to also control ... - Read More

Bioengineers develop new approach to regenerate back discs

cells, cells
Cell therapies may stop or reverse the pain and disability of degenerative disc disease and the loss of material between vertebrae according to Duke University scientists The health conditions affect thousands of Americans To use ... - Read More

Smoke from Canadian wildfires observed in Europe

System
This summer Canada is experiencing unusually extensive wildfires This week alone 341 new forest fires have consumed a total area of 616 000 hectares The smoke clouds produced by the fires in Canada have now ... - Read More

Drug delivery: Small packages delivering huge results

Drug delivery
University of Melbourne researchers have developed an efficient system to coat tiny objects such as bacterial cells with thin films that assemble themselves which could have important implications for drug delivery as well as biomedical ... - Read More

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted

Global warming, Global warming
Wildfires produce a witch's brew of carbon containing particles as anyone downwind of a forest fire can attest A range of fine carbonaceous particles rising high into the air significantly degrade air quality damaging human ... - Read More

Chemical/bioengineers use adhesion to combine advantages of silicones and organic materials

Introductory chemistry students learn that oil and water repel each other So do other hydrophobic substances which carry no electric charge and hydrophilic substances which carry an electric charge that allows them to mix with ... - Read More

Measuring molecules in their undistorted form

Using a special electron beam apparatus scientists at Bielefeld University can determine the precise three dimensional structure of gaseous molecules To do this Professor Dr Norbert Mitzel's research team analyses the molecules in their gaseous ... - Read More

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Simple and inexpensive process to make a material for carbon dioxide adsorption

Material, Adsorption, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Adsorption, Material, carbon
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST S Korea developed a novel simple method to synthesize hierarchically nanoporous frameworks of nanocrystalline metal oxides such as magnesia and ceria by the thermal conversion ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

Silicon-based nanoparticles could make LEDs cheaper, greener to produce

Silicon-based, Silicon
Light emitting diodes or LEDs are the most efficient and environmentally friendly light bulbs on the market But they come at a higher up front price than other bulbs especially the ones with warmer and ... - Read More
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