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News articles about "Substances"

General in the Solar Army to High School and College Students: 'We Are Recruiting'

High school and college students got a recruiting call today to join the Solar Army and help solve one of the 21st century's greatest scientific challenges finding the dirt cheap ingredients that would make sunlight ... - Read More

State E-Waste Disposal Bans Have Been Largely Ineffective

are topics that have received much attention in both the media and research community While the environmental footprint of IT devices is indeed significant a singular focus on their direct impacts ignores the indirect environmental ... - Read More

Panda Poop Microbes Could Make Biofuels of the Future -- an Update

that’s why we focused on the microbes in the giant panda ” Working with scientists at the University of Wisconsin Madison Brown’s team identified bacteria that break down lignocellulose into simple sugars which can be ... - Read More

Toward Making People Invisible to Mosquitoes

were definite mosquito lures drawing 90 percent of the mosquitoes to the screen With other compounds however many of the mosquitoes didn’t even take flight or seemed confused “If you put your hand in a ... - Read More

Purple Sweet Potatoes Among 'New Naturals' for Food and Beverage Colors

exhibited potent antioxidant activities Degradation of chlorogenic acid quinic acid and caffeic acid upon heat treatment produced additional antioxidants in roasted coffees The results suggest that continuous ingestion of antioxidants by habitual coffee drinkers has ... - Read More

Researching New Detectors for Chemical, Biological Threats

typically devices measuring between 20 micrometers to a millimeter For comparison a human hair averages 70 microns in diameter In general Sandia’s chemical detection instruments work by collecting and concentrating a sample of air separating ... - Read More

New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe

Computational, computational, Computational
How many different molecules can be created when you release one of the universe's most reactive substances hydrogen cyanide in the lab And will the process create some particularly interesting molecules That is what scientists ... - Read More

Nanoparticles: Polymer knots with silicon hearts

Protein based drugs show promising activity against many hard to treat targets Getting these biomolecules past the body's numerous defenses however requires innovative technology such as drug delivering nanoparticles Polylactic acid PLA is a potential ... - Read More

New sensor is almost as sensitive as a dog's nose

Light, Light
Scientists at ETH Zurich and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory LLNL in California have developed an innovative sensor for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy SERS Thanks to its unique surface properties at nanoscale the method can ... - Read More

From cancer treatment to ion thruster: The newest little idea for nanosat micro rockets

treatment, cancer, Cancer treatment
Nanosatellites are smartphone sized spacecraft that can perform simple yet valuable space missions Dozens of these little vehicles are now tirelessly orbiting Earth performing valuable functions for NASA the Department of Defense and even private ... - Read More

Worldwide ban on flame retardant

Plastics
The flame retardant HBCD may no longer be produced or used This was decided by representatives from over 160 countries in late May at a UN conference on chemicals in Geneva Empa's extensive research on ... - Read More

Molecular switch changes liquid crystal colors

Dartmouth researchers have developed a molecular switch that changes a liquid crystal's readout color based on a chemical input This new development may open the way for using liquid crystals in detecting harmful gases pathogens ... - Read More

Rattling ions limit heat flow in materials used to reduce carbon emissions

A new study published today in the journal Nature Materials has found a way to suppress the thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate so that it can be used to harvest waste energy Led by scientists ... - Read More

Computer simulations indicate calcium carbonate has a dense liquid phase

Phase, Calcium
Computer simulations conducted at the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab could help scientists make sense of a recently observed and puzzling wrinkle in one of nature's most important chemical ... - Read More

Soil biodiversity will be crucial to future land management and response to climate change

Research by scientists at The University of Manchester and Lancaster shows maintaining healthy soil biodiversity can play an important role in optimising land management programmes to reap benefits from the living soil The findings published ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Pollutants from incense smoke cause human lung-cell inflammation

Burning incense a popular cultural practice in many parts of the world generates indoor air pollutants that may cause inflammation in human lung cells say researchers in the Gillings School of Global Public Health at ... - Read More

Bio-imaging: Probing for deeper diagnostics

Multi armed polymers with dual fluorescent and magnetic imaging capabilities boost the resolution of cancer detection tools Molecular probes that selectively latch onto tumor cells and emit imaging signals can detect cancer without invasive procedures ... - Read More

Chemists develop innovative nano-sensors for multiple proteins

Nano
Chemists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have developed a new method for parallel protein analysis that is in principle capable of identifying hundreds or even thousands of different proteins It could be used to ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More
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