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News articles about "Substances"

Chemical/bioengineers use adhesion to combine advantages of silicones and organic materials

Introductory chemistry students learn that oil and water repel each other So do other hydrophobic substances which carry no electric charge and hydrophilic substances which carry an electric charge that allows them to mix with ... - Read More

Measuring molecules in their undistorted form

Using a special electron beam apparatus scientists at Bielefeld University can determine the precise three dimensional structure of gaseous molecules To do this Professor Dr Norbert Mitzel's research team analyses the molecules in their gaseous ... - Read More

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Cosmochemist May Have Solved Meteorite Mystery

in the cores of the olivine crystals embedded within the chondrules When olivine crystallizes from a liquid of chondrule composition at temperatures of approximately 2 000 degrees Kelvin 3 140 degrees Fahrenheit most sodium remains ... - Read More

Simple and inexpensive process to make a material for carbon dioxide adsorption

Material, Adsorption, Carbon, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Adsorption, Material, carbon
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology UNIST S Korea developed a novel simple method to synthesize hierarchically nanoporous frameworks of nanocrystalline metal oxides such as magnesia and ceria by the thermal conversion ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

Silicon-based nanoparticles could make LEDs cheaper, greener to produce

Silicon-based, Silicon
Light emitting diodes or LEDs are the most efficient and environmentally friendly light bulbs on the market But they come at a higher up front price than other bulbs especially the ones with warmer and ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

Researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean

Ocean, Ocean
A team of Spanish researchers coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council CSIC has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean They are using more than 2 000 samples of microorganisms collected ... - Read More

Detection of apple juices and cereals which exceed permitted levels of mycotoxins

Researchers from the University of Granada Spain have analysed the presence of patulin a type of toxin produced by fungi in several commercial apple juices The results show that more than 50% of the samples ... - Read More

Quantum model helps solve mysteries of water

Quantum, Quantum
A research team from the National Physical Laboratory NPL the University of Edinburgh and IBM's TJ Watson Research Center reveals a major breakthrough in the modelling of water that could shed light on its mysterious ... - Read More

Global warming caused by CFCs, not carbon dioxide, researcher claims in controversial study

Carbon, Global warming, Carbon dioxide, Carbon dioxide, Global warming, carbon
Chlorofluorocarbons CFCs are to blame for global warming since the 1970s and not carbon dioxide according to a researcher from the University of Waterloo in a controversial new study published in the International Journal of ... - Read More

Fast new, one-step genetic engineering technology

A new streamlined approach to genetic engineering drastically reduces the time and effort needed to insert new genes into bacteria the workhorses of biotechnology scientists are reporting Published in the journal ACS Synthetic Biology the ... - Read More

Detecting mirror molecules: New technique reliably tells left-handed from right-handed variant of a compound

Harvard physicists have developed a novel technique that can detect molecular variants in chemical mixtures greatly simplifying a process that is one of the most important though time consuming processes in analytical chemistry As described ... - Read More

New technique may open up an era of atomic-scale semiconductor devices

Atomic
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating high quality semiconductor thin films at the atomic scale meaning the films are only one atom thick The technique can be used ... - Read More

Volcanoes cause climate gas concentrations to vary

Gas
Trace gases and aerosols are major factors influencing the climate With the help of highly complex installations such as MIPAS on board of the ENVISAT satellite researchers try to better understand the processes in the ... - Read More

Unique method creates correct mirror image of molecule

Molecule, molecule
Many molecules have a right and a left form just like shoes In pharmaceuticals it is important that the correct form of the molecule is used Researchers at the University of Gothenburg Sweden have been ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

Ubiquitous engineered nanomaterials can cause lung inflammation: Substances are used in everything from paint to sporting equipment

Substances
A consortium of scientists from across the country has found that breathing ultrafine particles from a large family of materials that increasingly are found in a host of household and commercial products from sunscreens to ... - Read More

New plant protein discoveries could ease global food and fuel demands

Fuel
New discoveries of the way plants transport important substances across their biological membranes to resist toxic metals and pests increase salt and drought tolerance control water loss and store sugar can have profound implications for ... - Read More
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