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News articles about "Substance"

Chemical/bioengineers use adhesion to combine advantages of silicones and organic materials

Introductory chemistry students learn that oil and water repel each other So do other hydrophobic substances which carry no electric charge and hydrophilic substances which carry an electric charge that allows them to mix with ... - Read More

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Designer droplets open new possibilities

By designing droplets using electricity researchers have created a technique that could possibly be used for everything from extracting oil from wells to creating makeup and food You've seen Hollandaise sauce or mayonnaise that has ... - Read More

Smart anticancer 'nanofiber mesh'

Anticancer drugs
A MANA research team has developed a new nanofiber mesh which is capable of simultaneously realizing thermotherapy hyperthermia and chemotherapy treatment with anticancer drugs of tumors They succeeded in efficiently inducing natural death apoptosis of ... - Read More

Beautiful but hiding unpleasant surprise: Three new species of fetid fungi from New Zealand

Fungi
With the help of phylogenetic analysis scientists describe three new fungus species from New Zealand The new species belong to the widespread genus Gymnopus part of the Omphalotaceae family the most famous representative of which ... - Read More

Efficient and inexpensive: Researchers develop catalyst material for fuel cells

Catalyst, Fuel, Fuel cells
Efficient robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology Scientists from Jülich and Berlin have developed a material for converting hydrogen and oxygen to water using a ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

'Self-cleaning' pollution-control technology could do more harm than good, study suggests

Research by Indiana University environmental scientists shows that air pollution removal technology used in self cleaning paints and building surfaces may actually cause more problems than they solve The study finds that titanium dioxide coatings ... - Read More

DNA brings materials to life: DNA-coated colloids help create novel self-assembling materials

Materials, materials
A colloid is a substance spread out evenly inside another substance Everyday examples include milk styrofoam hair sprays paints shaving foam gels and even dust mud and fog One of the most interesting properties of ... - Read More

Luminous bacterial proteins detect chemicals in water

Water, Proteins, Water, Proteins, Chemicals, chemicals, proteins, chemicals, Water
While residual medications don't belong in the water trace metals from industrial process waters handled by the recycling industry are in contrast valuable resources Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf HZDR have developed a ... - Read More

Detection of apple juices and cereals which exceed permitted levels of mycotoxins

Researchers from the University of Granada Spain have analysed the presence of patulin a type of toxin produced by fungi in several commercial apple juices The results show that more than 50% of the samples ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Unique method creates correct mirror image of molecule

Molecule, molecule
Many molecules have a right and a left form just like shoes In pharmaceuticals it is important that the correct form of the molecule is used Researchers at the University of Gothenburg Sweden have been ... - Read More

Nanoantennas improve infrared sensing

Light, Light
A team of University of Pennsylvania engineers has used a pattern of nanoantennas to develop a new way of turning infrared light into mechanical action opening the door to more sensitive infrared cameras and more ... - Read More

Physicists light 'magnetic fire' to reveal energy's path

Light, Light
New York University physicists have uncovered how energy is released and dispersed in magnetic materials in a process akin to the spread of forest fires a finding that has the potential to deepen our understanding ... - Read More

Better dyes for imaging technology

Light, Light
From microscopes to MRI scanners imaging technology is growing ever more vital in the world's hospitals whether for the diagnosis of illness or for research into new cures Imaging technology requires dyes or contrast agents ... - Read More

Molecular basis of strawberry aroma

Molecular basis
You know that summer is here when juicy red strawberries start to appear on the shelves In Germany this seasonal fruit has never been more popular on average 3.5 kilos per head were consumed in ... - Read More

Engineered biomaterial could improve success of medical implants

Medical, Medical implants
It's a familiar scenario a patient receives a medical implant and days later the body attacks the artificial valve or device causing complications to an already compromised system Expensive state of the art medical devices ... - Read More

Dust in the clouds: Cirrus clouds form around mineral dust and metallic particles

Mineral
At any given time cirrus clouds the thin wisps of vapor that trail across the sky cover nearly one third of the globe These clouds coalesce in the upper layers of the troposphere often more ... - Read More

20-million-year-old amber shatters theories of glass as a liquid

Glass
Fact or fiction Stained glass found in medieval cathedrals becomes thicker at the bottom because glass moves over time For years researchers have had their doubts now a team at Texas Tech University has further ... - Read More
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