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News articles about "Substance"

Oxygen 'sponge' presents path to better catalysts, energy materials

Catalysts
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new oxygen sponge that can easily absorb or shed oxygen atoms at low temperatures Materials with these novel characteristics would be useful ... - Read More

Combination of two imaging techniques allows new insights into brain function

The ability to measure brain functions non invasively is important both for clinical diagnoses and research in Neurology and Psychology Two main imaging techniques are used positron emission tomography PET which reveals metabolic processes in ... - Read More

Worldwide ban on flame retardant

Plastics
The flame retardant HBCD may no longer be produced or used This was decided by representatives from over 160 countries in late May at a UN conference on chemicals in Geneva Empa's extensive research on ... - Read More

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing

Nanosensors
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs especially those based on antibodies more safely and efficiently Using these sensors the ... - Read More

New materials for bio-based hydrogen synthesis: Synthetic biology enables spontaneous protein activation

New materials, Spontaneous, Synthesis
Researchers at the Ruhr Universität Bochum RUB have discovered an efficient process for hydrogen biocatalysis They developed semi synthetic hydrogenases hydrogen generating enzymes by adding the protein's biological precursor to a chemically synthesized inactive iron ... - Read More

Long-sought method to efficiently make complex anticancer compound developed

Complex, Compound
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI have achieved the first efficient chemical synthesis of ingenol a highly complex plant derived compound that has long been of interest to drug developers for its anticancer potential ... - Read More

Surprising result discovered when looking into effects of carbon nanotubes and soil sorption of toxicants

When it comes to carbon nanotubes CNTs in the soil recent research at Texas Tech University shows that the new materials do not affect the sorption of the toxic part of oil called polycyclic aromatic ... - Read More

Removing pollutants and contaminants from wastewater

Pollutants, Contaminants
The Fraunhofer Institute for Interfacial Engineering and Biotechnology IGB and its European partners have developed several effective processes for eliminating persistent pollutants from wastewater Some of these processes generate reactive species which can be used ... - Read More

Watching molecule movements in live cells

Molecule, molecule, cells, cells
The newly developed STED RICS microscopy method records rapid movements of molecules in live samples By combining raster image correlation spectroscopy RICS with STED fluorescence microscopy researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT opened up ... - Read More

Chemical reaction could streamline manufacture of pharmaceuticals and other compounds

Compounds
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have discovered a new chemical reaction that has the potential to lower the cost and streamline the manufacture of compounds ranging from agricultural chemicals to pharmaceutical drugs ... - Read More

BPA and chlorine means bad news: Modified forms of bisphenol A found to alter hormone signaling in new, disturbing ways

Hormone, bisphenol A, BPA
The ubiquity of the endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A led researchers to ask what it might be doing in publicly supplied chlorinated drinking water The answer Chlorinated BPA has different but no less profound effects ... - Read More

Educators explore innovative theater as a way to learn physics

In a study released last week education researchers found that personifying energy allowed students to grapple with difficult ideas about how energy works Contrasted with more traditional lectures and graphs this innovative instructional technique may ... - Read More

Chemical/bioengineers use adhesion to combine advantages of silicones and organic materials

Introductory chemistry students learn that oil and water repel each other So do other hydrophobic substances which carry no electric charge and hydrophilic substances which carry an electric charge that allows them to mix with ... - Read More

Scientists solve titanic puzzle of popular photocatalyst

A breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of titania titanium dioxide the basis of self cleaning window technology has been made by scientists at UCL uncovering a decades old misunderstanding that has clouded our ... - Read More

Designer droplets open new possibilities

By designing droplets using electricity researchers have created a technique that could possibly be used for everything from extracting oil from wells to creating makeup and food You've seen Hollandaise sauce or mayonnaise that has ... - Read More

Smart anticancer 'nanofiber mesh'

Anticancer drugs
A MANA research team has developed a new nanofiber mesh which is capable of simultaneously realizing thermotherapy hyperthermia and chemotherapy treatment with anticancer drugs of tumors They succeeded in efficiently inducing natural death apoptosis of ... - Read More

Beautiful but hiding unpleasant surprise: Three new species of fetid fungi from New Zealand

Fungi
With the help of phylogenetic analysis scientists describe three new fungus species from New Zealand The new species belong to the widespread genus Gymnopus part of the Omphalotaceae family the most famous representative of which ... - Read More

Efficient and inexpensive: Researchers develop catalyst material for fuel cells

Catalyst, Fuel, Fuel cells
Efficient robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology Scientists from Jülich and Berlin have developed a material for converting hydrogen and oxygen to water using a ... - Read More

Detecting homemade explosives, not toothpaste

Polymer, Polymer
Sandia National Laboratories researchers want airports border checkpoints and others to detect homemade explosives made with hydrogen peroxide without nabbing people whose toothpaste happens to contain peroxide That's part of the challenge faced in developing ... - Read More

'Self-cleaning' pollution-control technology could do more harm than good, study suggests

Research by Indiana University environmental scientists shows that air pollution removal technology used in self cleaning paints and building surfaces may actually cause more problems than they solve The study finds that titanium dioxide coatings ... - Read More
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