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News articles about "Structure"

Antibodies from desert as guides to diseased cells

The use of nanoparticles in cancer research is considered as a promising approach in detecting and fighting tumor cells The method has however often failed because the human immune system recognizes the particles as foreign ... - Read More

Long-range tunneling of quantum particles

One of the most remarkable consequences of the rules in quantum mechanics is the capability of a quantum particle to penetrate through a potential barrier even though its energy would not allow for the corresponding ... - Read More

Breakthrough for information technology using Heusler materials: May lead to very high performance spintronic components

It is the breakthrough that physicists and chemists around the world have long anticipated and it will play a pivotal role in information technology in coming years Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz JGU have ... - Read More

'Onion' vesicles for drug delivery developed

One of the defining features of cells is their membranes Each cell's repository of DNA and protein making machinery must be kept stable and secure from invaders and toxins Scientists have attempted to replicate these ... - Read More

Charging portable electronics in 10 minutes: New architecture for lithium-ion battery anodes far outperform the current standard

Researchers at the University of California Riverside Bourns College of Engineering have developed a three dimensional silicon decorated cone shaped carbon nanotube cluster architecture for lithium ion battery anodes that could enable charging of portable ... - Read More

Infection prevention implanted directly into bones

Hospital germs can be fatal since they are resistant to antibiotics As a result alternative methods of defense against bacteria are in demand Fortunately a German French research team has been able to develop bone ... - Read More

Chemical sensor on a chip created to test chemical composition of liquids

Using miniaturized laser technology a tiny sensor has been built at the Vienna University of Technology which can test the chemical composition of liquids They are invisible but perfectly suited for analyzing liquids and gases ... - Read More

Details of calcium 'safety-valve' in cells explained

Sometimes a cell has to die when it's done with its job or inflicted with injury that could otherwise harm an organism Conversely cells that refuse to die when expected can lead to cancer So ... - Read More

Targeting tumors using silver nanoparticles

Scientists at UC Santa Barbara have designed a nanoparticle that has a couple of unique and important properties Spherical in shape and silver in composition it is encased in a shell coated with a peptide ... - Read More

Evolution of a bimetallic nanocatalyst

Atomic scale snapshots of a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst in action have provided insights that could help improve the industrial process by which fuels and chemicals are synthesized from natural gas coal or plant biomass A ... - Read More

Battery design could reduce electric car weight

Battery weight has long vexed engineers designing electric cars for the mass market Bigger batteries are needed to power a car for longer distances but their weight in turn requires the car to expend more ... - Read More

Optical invisibility cloak built for diffusive media (like fog or milk)

Real invisibility cloaks are rather complex and work in certain situations only The laws of physics prevent an optical invisibility cloak from making objects in air invisible for any directions colors and polarizations If the ... - Read More

Effect of Bilbao atmosphere on Chillida's sculptures

Weathering steel is a steel specially designed to resist exposure to the open air Yet in Bilbao some of the sculptures produced in this material like Eduardo Chillida's Besarkada XI and Begirari IV have not ... - Read More

Hot spots for molecules: Ultra-high sensitivity molecular detection

The accurate placement of molecules into gaps between gold nanoantennas enables ultra high sensitivity molecular detection The ability to detect tiny quantities of molecules is important for chemical sensing as well as biological and medical ... - Read More

Long-sought molecular map of critical genetic machinery developed

A team led by researchers at The Scripps Research Institute TSRI has used advanced electron microscopy techniques to determine the first accurate structural map of Mediator one of the largest and most complex molecular machines ... - Read More

Scientists Capture Most Detailed Images Yet of Tiny Cellular Machines

are intimately linked together in a type of molecular symbiosis The structure yields clues about the relationship and the relative ages of RNA and proteins once thought to be much wider apart on an evolutionary ... - Read More

Nano world: Where towers construct themselves

Imagine a tower builds itself into the desired structure only by choosing the appropriate bricks Absurd and however in the nano world this is reality There an unordered crowd of components can initiate the formation ... - Read More

Lasers, night-vision technology help improve imaging of hidden lymphatic system

The human lymphatic system is an important but poorly understood circulatory system consisting of tiny vessels spread throughout the body This drainage network helps guard against infections and prevents swelling which occasionally happens when disease ... - Read More

Just add water: 3-D silicon shapes fold themselves when wetted by microscopic droplets

Researchers from the University of Twente in the Netherlands have taken the precise art of origami down to the microscopic scale Using only a drop of water the scientists have folded flat sheets of silicon ... - Read More

Observing the random diffusion of missing atoms in graphene

Imperfections in the regular atomic arrangements in crystals determine many of the properties of a material and their diffusion is behind many microstructural changes in solids However imaging non repeating atomic arrangements is difficult in ... - Read More
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