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News articles about "Structure"

Tracking heat-driven decay in leading electric vehicle batteries

Rechargeable electric vehicles are one of the greatest tools against rising pollution and carbon emissions and their widespread adoption hinges on battery performance Scientists specializing in nanotechnology continue to hunt for the perfect molecular recipe ... - Read More

Using radio waves to control the density in a fusion plasma

Recent fusion experiments on the DIII D tokamak at General Atomics San Diego and the Alcator C Mod tokamak at MIT Cambridge Massachusetts show that beaming microwaves into the center of the plasma can be ... - Read More

Scientists' new analysis of plant proteins advances our understanding of photosynthesis

A world without plants would be a world without oxygen uninhabitable for us and for many creatures We know plants release oxygen by absorbing carbon dioxide and breaking down water using sunlight through the process ... - Read More

Functional nanomaterials to advance vehicle battery tech

Future fleets of electric vehicles will require high capacity batteries that recharge rapidly degrade very little over time and operate safely Lithium ion Li ion batteries similar to the ones found inside portable electronics currently ... - Read More

Could copper prevent spread of Ebola?

Research from the University of Southampton has indicated that copper could help to prevent the spread of Ebola Hand washing disinfectants and quarantine procedures alone have been found to be insufficient to contain the spread ... - Read More

Biology meets geometry: Geometry of a common cellular structure explored

Architecture imitates life at least when it comes to those spiral ramps in multistory parking garages Stacked and connecting parallel levels the ramps are replications of helical structures found in a ubiquitous membrane structure in ... - Read More

Cooling to almost absolute zero with magnetic molecules

An international team of scientists have become the first ever researchers to successfully reach temperatures below minus 272.15 degrees Celsius only just above absolute zero using magnetic molecules The physicists and chemists are presenting their ... - Read More

New devices based on metamaterials

Víctor Torres Landivar Telecommunications engineer has designed and manufactured new devices based on metamaterials artificial materials with properties not found in nature On drawing up his PhD defended at the Public University of Navarre UPNA ... - Read More

Scientists disprove theory that reconstructed boron surface is metallic

Scientific inquiry is a hit and miss proposition subject to constant checking and rechecking Recently a new class of materials was discovered called topological insulators nonmetallic materials with a metallic surface capable of conducting electrons ... - Read More

Special microscope captures defects in nanotubes

University of Oregon chemists have devised a way to see the internal structures of electronic waves trapped in carbon nanotubes by external electrostatic charges Carbon nanotubes have been touted as exceptional materials with unique properties ... - Read More

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed

Iron is the most abundant trace element in humans As a cofactor of certain proteins it plays an essential role in oxygen transport and metabolism Due to the major importance of iron in a wide ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

How radiotherapy kills cancer cells

Scientists from Queen's University Belfast have been involved in a groundbreaking discovery in the area of experimental physics that has implications for understanding how radiotherapy kills cancer cells among other things Dr Jason Greenwood from ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

Crystallizing the DNA nanotechnology dream

DNA has garnered attention for its potential as a programmable material platform that could spawn entire new and revolutionary nanodevices in computer science microscopy biology and more Researchers have been working to master the ability ... - Read More

Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills

In a design that mimics a hard to duplicate texture of starfish shells University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets We call them nanolobes They look like little hot air ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

Journey to the center of the Earth: Geochemist uses helium and lead isotopes to gain insight into makeup of planet’s deep interior

A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More

Simple and versatile way to build 3-D materials of the future

Researchers in Japan have developed a novel yet simple technique called diffusion driven layer by layer assembly to construct graphene into porous three dimensional 3D structures for applications in devices such as batteries and supercapacitors ... - Read More
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