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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Structure"

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

Biologists take snapshot of fleeting protein process

Protein, Protein, protein
Structural biologists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine BCM have captured the first three dimensional crystalline snapshot of a critical but fleeting process that takes place thousands of times per second in each ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More

Rabbit wears contact lenses with light-emitting diode: New class of transparent, stretchable electrodes

Diode
Ulsan National Institute of Science & amp Technology UNIST has demonstrated that a live rabbit could wear contact lenses fitted with inorganic light emitting diode with no side effects This new class of hybrid transparent ... - Read More

Hybrid carbon nanotube yarn muscle

Carbon nanotube
Professor Seon Jeong Kim of Hanyang University has created a high capacity yarn muscle that does not require electrolytes or special packaging It will have a big impact in the motor biological and robot industry ... - Read More

Paper could be basis for inexpensive diagnostic devices

Cellulose
Paper is known for its ability to absorb liquids making it ideal for products such as paper towels But by modifying the underlying network of cellulose fibers etching off surface fluff and applying a thin ... - Read More

Diamonds, nanotubes find common ground in graphene

Diamond
What may be the ultimate heat sink is only possible because of yet another astounding capability of graphene The one atom thick form of carbon can act as a go between that allows vertically aligned ... - Read More

Disappearance of stromatolites, earliest visible manifestation of life: Ancient enigma solved?

Structure, Structure
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Self-assembled nanostructures for hostile environments

Nanostructures
Nanostructures that assemble themselves from polymer molecules could prove to be useful tools in chemistry and industry However it is difficult to develop structurally robust self assembling materials because they are often adversely affected by ... - Read More

Scientists find possible solution to an ancient enigma

Solution
The widespread disappearance of stromatolites the earliest visible manifestation of life on Earth may have been driven by single celled organisms called foraminifera The findings by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI Massachusetts Institute ... - Read More

Models from big molecules captured in a flash

molecules, Flash
To learn how biological molecules like proteins function scientists must first understand their structures Almost as important is understanding how the structures change as molecules in the native state do their jobs Existing methods for ... - Read More

Formation of functionalized nanowires by control of self-assembly using multiple modified amyloid peptides

Self-assembly, Self-assembly, Self-assembly
Researchers in Japan and US have developed a new technique for efficiently creating functionalized nanowires for the first time ever Prof Sakaguchi and his team in Graduate School of Science Hokkaido University jointly with MANA ... - Read More

New filtration material could make petroleum refining cheaper, more efficient

Petroleum, Refining
A newly synthesized material might provide a dramatically improved method for separating the highest octane components of gasoline Measurements at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have clarified why The research team which ... - Read More
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