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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Structure"

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with supercomputer

Reaction, Reaction
The harder you pull the quicker it goes At least that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces However ... - Read More

Artificial bone: Designing synthetic materials and quickly turning the design into reality with 3-D printing

Materials, materials
Researchers working to design new materials that are durable lightweight and environmentally sustainable are increasingly looking to natural composites such as bone for inspiration Bone is strong and tough because its two constituent materials soft ... - Read More

Noble gases hitch a ride on hydrous minerals

Minerals, Minerals
The six noble gases do not normally dissolve into minerals leaving earth scientists to wonder how they are subducted back into the Earth Researchers at Brown have discovered that the lattice structure of minerals such ... - Read More

Star-shaped macromolecule grabs large anions

Anions, Macromolecule
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have created a symmetrical five sided macrocycle that is easy to synthesize and has characteristics that may help expand the molecular tool box available to researchers in biology chemistry and ... - Read More

Prefab houses that are glued, not nailed, together

Adhesive
With prefabricated houses the dream of having one's own home can quickly become a reality Until now nails have been used to hold the individual components together Now an adhesive tape has been developed to ... - Read More

Spot-welding graphene nanoribbons atom by atom

Scientists at Aalto University Finland and Utrecht University the Netherlands have created single atom contacts between gold and graphene nanoribbons In their article published in Nature Communications the research team demonstrates how to make electrical ... - Read More

DNA brings materials to life: DNA-coated colloids help create novel self-assembling materials

Materials, materials
A colloid is a substance spread out evenly inside another substance Everyday examples include milk styrofoam hair sprays paints shaving foam gels and even dust mud and fog One of the most interesting properties of ... - Read More

Discovery of new material state counterintuitive to laws of physics

New material
When you squeeze something it gets smaller Unless you're at Argonne National Laboratory At the suburban Chicago laboratory a group of scientists has seemingly defied the laws of physics and found a way to apply ... - Read More

New quantum dot technique combines best of optical and electron microscopy

Microscopy
It's not reruns of The Jetsons but researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST have developed a new microscopy technique that uses a process similar to how an old tube television ... - Read More

Nano-thermometer enables first atomic-scale heat transfer measurements

Atomic, Heat, Thermometer, Nano
In findings that could help overcome a major technological hurdle in the road toward smaller and more powerful electronics an international research team involving University of Michigan engineering researchers has shown the unique ways in ... - Read More

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

'Long-awaited explanation' for mysterious effects in high-temperature superconductors

Temperature, temperature
A German French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so called pseudogap state forms in high temperature superconductors The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders Below a certain temperature superconductors ... - Read More

Metabolic model of E. coli reveals how bacterial growth responds to temperature change

Bioengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a computational model of 1 366 genes in E coli that includes 3D protein structures and has enabled them to compute the temperature sensitivity of ... - Read More

Promising material for lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries
Laptops could work longer and electric cars could drive farther if it were possible to further increase the capacity of their lithium ion batteries The electrode material has a decisive influence on a battery's capacity ... - Read More

Alpine lakes reflect climate change

Increases in temperature as a result of climate change are mirrored in lake waters where temperatures are also on the rise A new study by Dr Martin Dokulil retired researcher from the Institute for Limnology ... - Read More

Second life for possible spintronic materials: Manganese, gallium nitride merged in uniform layer

Materials, materials
Ten years ago scientists were convinced that a combination of manganese and gallium nitride could be a key material to create spintronics the next generation of electronic devices that operate on properties found at the ... - Read More

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More
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