Proteins are responsible for nearly every essential process of life Their form and structure or their fold are of crucial importance for their functionality Scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry MPIB in Martinsried ... - Read More
Chiral compounds are increasingly important in chemical manufacturing They are distinguished by a special kind of asymmetry in their molecular structure Yutaka Ukaji and colleagues at Kanazawa University have now developed a method for desymmetrising ... - Read More
Plant scientists at the U S Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids the building blocks of oils can link up to efficiently pass intermediate products ... - Read More
Metamaterials are engineered to interact with light and sound waves in ways that natural materials cannot They thus have the potential to be used in exciting new applications such as invisibility cloaks high resolution lenses ... - Read More
New catalysts to remove oxygenated compounds from bio derived oils may lead to better and cheaper renewable biofuels Dwindling crude oil reserves accompanied by rising prices and environmental concerns have led to increased interest in ... - Read More
Magnetic devices like hard drives magnetic random access memories MRAMs molecular magnets and quantum computers depend on the manipulation of magnetic properties In an atom magnetism arises from the spin and orbital momentum of its ... - Read More
Temperatures often over 200 degrees C occur in geothermal and oil production conventional microelectronics hit their limits there Researchers have now fabricated compact microchips that can keep their cool even at 300 degrees C An ... - Read More
A green fluorescent dye is helping surgeons at the University of Illinois Hospital & amp Health Sciences System perform robotic gall bladder surgery more safely UI Health surgeons used near infrared light to make the ... - Read More
Graphene a one atom thick form of the carbon material graphite has been hailed as a wonder material strong light nearly transparent and an excellent conductor of electricity and heat But a number of practical ... - Read More
Scientists studying graphene's properties are using a new mathematical framework to make extremely accurate characterizations of the two dimensional material's shape Graphene discovered in 2004 is a one atom thick sheet of graphite The properties ... - Read More
Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego are asking what might be possible if semiconductor materials were flexible and stretchable without sacrificing electronic function Today's flexible electronics are already enabling a new generation of ... - Read More
The latest organ on a chip from Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering reproduces the structure functions and cellular make up of bone marrow a complex tissue that until now could only be studied ... - Read More
For the first time scientists have a clearer understanding of how to control the appearance of a superconducting phase in a material adding crucial fundamental knowledge and perhaps setting the stage for advances in the ... - Read More
Empty nets and few species environmental hormones are believed responsible for the diminishing numbers of fish How damaging are these substances really though Studies that depict a complete picture of the lives of fish provide ... - Read More
Populations of predators and their prey usually follow predictable cycles When the number of prey increases perhaps as their food supply becomes more abundant predator populations also grow When the predator population becomes too large ... - Read More
Northwestern University researchers are the first to develop a new solar cell with good efficiency that uses tin instead of lead perovskite as the harvester of light The low cost environmentally friendly solar cell can ... - Read More
The research groups of Janne Ihalainen University of Jyväskylä and Sebastian Westenhoff University of Gothenburg have clarified how the atom structure of bacterial red light photosensors changes when sensing light The research reveals structural changes ... - Read More
A University of Arizona led team of physicists has discovered how to change the crystal structure of graphene more commonly known as pencil 'lead' with an electric field an important step toward the possible use ... - Read More
Natural gas methane can be converted into hydrogen H2 which is used in clean energy synthetic fertilizers and many other chemicals The reaction requires water and a nickel catalyst Methane and water molecules attach on ... - Read More
The drive to develop ultrasmall and ultrafast electronic devices using a single atomic layer of semiconductors such as transition metal dichalcogenides has received a significant boost Researchers with the U S Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More
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