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All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Structure"

Exposure to air transforms gold alloys into catalytic nanostructures

Alloys, Nanostructures
Gold bars may signify great wealth but the precious metal packs a much more practical punch when shrunk down to just billionths of a meter Unfortunately unlocking gold's potential often requires complex synthesis techniques that ... - Read More

Polymer nanoreactors create uniform nanocrystals

nanocrystals, Polymer
Using star shaped block co polymer structures as tiny reaction vessels researchers have developed an improved technique for producing nanocrystals with consistent sizes compositions and architectures including metallic ferroelectric magnetic semiconductor and luminescent nanocrystals The ... - Read More

'Long-awaited explanation' for mysterious effects in high-temperature superconductors

Temperature, temperature
A German French research team has constructed a new model that explains how the so called pseudogap state forms in high temperature superconductors The calculations predict two coexisting electron orders Below a certain temperature superconductors ... - Read More

Metabolic model of E. coli reveals how bacterial growth responds to temperature change

Bioengineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a computational model of 1 366 genes in E coli that includes 3D protein structures and has enabled them to compute the temperature sensitivity of ... - Read More

Promising material for lithium-ion batteries

Lithium, Lithium-ion, Lithium-ion batteries
Laptops could work longer and electric cars could drive farther if it were possible to further increase the capacity of their lithium ion batteries The electrode material has a decisive influence on a battery's capacity ... - Read More

Alpine lakes reflect climate change

Increases in temperature as a result of climate change are mirrored in lake waters where temperatures are also on the rise A new study by Dr Martin Dokulil retired researcher from the Institute for Limnology ... - Read More

Second life for possible spintronic materials: Manganese, gallium nitride merged in uniform layer

Materials, materials
Ten years ago scientists were convinced that a combination of manganese and gallium nitride could be a key material to create spintronics the next generation of electronic devices that operate on properties found at the ... - Read More

Increased NMR/MRI sensitivity through hyperpolarization of nuclei in diamond

Nuclei, Diamond, MRI
Today's nuclear magnetic resonance NMR and Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI technologies like quantum information processing and nuclear spintronic technologies are based on an intrinsic quantum property of electrons and atomic nuclei called spin Electrons and ... - Read More

Resistivity switch is window to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors

Properties
Physicists at the U S Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered surprising changes in electrical resistivity in iron based superconductors The findings reported in Nature Communications offer further evidence that magnetism and superconductivity are ... - Read More

Roman seawater concrete holds the secret to cutting carbon emissions

Emissions
The chemical secrets of a concrete Roman breakwater that has spent the last 2 000 years submerged in the Mediterranean Sea have been uncovered by an international team of researchers led by Paulo Monteiro of ... - Read More

Dense hydrogen in a new light

Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe The way it responds under extreme pressures and temperatures is crucial to our understanding of matter and the nature of hydrogen rich planets New work from ... - Read More

Enzyme from wood-eating gribble could help turn waste into biofuel

Enzyme, Enzyme, Enzyme, enzyme
Scientists have discovered a new enzyme that could prove an important step in the quest to turn waste such as paper scrap wood and straw into liquid fuel To do this they turned to the ... - Read More

Molecular switch for cheaper biofuel

Molecular, molecular
Lignocellulosic waste such as sawdust or straw can be used to produce biofuel but only if the long cellulose and xylan chains can be successfully broken down into smaller sugar molecules To do this fungi ... - Read More

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

Female moths use olfactory signals to choose the best egg-laying sites

Olfactory
Functional calcium imaging in the antennal lobes of a female Manduca sexta moth Different activation patterns red spots can be observed depending on whether the moths respond to Z 3 hexenyl acetate or E 2 ... - Read More

Printing innovations provide 10-fold improvement in organic electronics

Organic, organic, Organic
Through innovations to a printing process researchers have made major improvements to organic electronics a technology in demand for lightweight low cost solar cells flexible electronic displays and tiny sensors The printing method is fast ... - Read More

Even with defects, graphene is strongest material in the world

Material, Material
In a new study published in Science Columbia Engineering researchers demonstrate that graphene even if stitched together from many small crystalline grains is almost as strong as graphene in its perfect crystalline form This work ... - Read More

Biologists take snapshot of fleeting protein process

Protein, Protein, protein
Structural biologists from Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine BCM have captured the first three dimensional crystalline snapshot of a critical but fleeting process that takes place thousands of times per second in each ... - Read More

Atom by atom, bond by bond, a chemical reaction caught in the act

Atom, Atom, Atom
When Felix Fischer of the U S Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab set out to develop nanostructures made of graphene using a new controlled approach to chemical reactions the first result ... - Read More

Scientists capture first images of molecules before and after reaction

molecules
Every chemist's dream to snap an atomic scale picture of a chemical before and after it reacts has now come true thanks to a new technique developed by chemists and physicists at the University of ... - Read More
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