All About Chemistry... 2011 and beyond

News articles about "Structure"

How to maximize the superconducting critical temperature in a molecular superconductor

An international research team led by Professor Kosmas Prassides of Tohoku University has investigated the electronic properties of the family of unconventional superconductors based on fullerenes*1 which have the highest known superconducting critical temperature Tc ... - Read More

Detecting Lysosomal pH with Better Fluorescent Probes

the chemicals can be toxic The team decreased toxicity by creating new molecules a process called synthesis “Designing a molecule is an art and synthesis is our toolkit ” Zhang explains He goes on to ... - Read More

Widest possible photosynthesis, absorbing any color of sunlight, from oranges through near-infrared

In 2005 scientists studying tiny sac like creatures called sea squirts found bacteria containing two types of chlorophyll a and b in cavities inside the squirts' tissues These two pigments were soaking up most of ... - Read More

3-D neural structure guided with biocompatible nanofiber scaffolds and hydrogels

Damage to neural tissue is typically permanent and causes lasting disability in patients but a new approach has recently been discovered that holds incredible potential to reconstruct neural tissue at high resolution in three dimensions ... - Read More

Pick a Color, Any Color

the violets indigos blues green yellows and oranges All that filtered through the squirts was deep red light So the scientists were surprised to discover a film of photosynthesizing microbes on the underside of the ... - Read More

New imaging tool targets degenerative diseases

Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's affect more than 6.4 million Americans according to the Harvard NeuroDiscovery Center That number may double in the next 30 years as the population ages unless medical researchers ... - Read More

An efficient path from carbon to renewable fuel production

Earth abundant materials based primarily on carbon nitrogen and transition metal oxides can be combined into highly efficient energy conversion devices These devices can be used in fuel cells as well as in electrolysis This ... - Read More

'Atomic chicken-wire' is key to faster DNA sequencing

An unusual and very exciting form of carbon that can be created by drawing on paper looks to hold the key to real time high throughput DNA sequencing a technique that would revolutionise medical research ... - Read More

Thin transparent flexible screens: Roll up your screen and stow it away?

From smartphones and tablets to computer monitors and interactive TV screens electronic displays are everywhere As the demand for instant constant communication grows so too does the urgency for more convenient portable devices especially devices ... - Read More

Soft, energy-efficient robotic wings

Dielectric elastomers are novel materials for making actuators or motors with soft and lightweight properties that can undergo large active deformations with high energy conversion efficiencies This has made dielectric elastomers popular for creating devices ... - Read More

Skin tough: Why skin is resistant to tearing

When weighing the pluses and minuses of your skin add this to the plus column Your skin like that of all vertebrates is remarkably resistant to tearing Now a collaboration of researchers at the U ... - Read More

Precocious GEM: Shape-shifting sensor can report conditions from deep in the body

Scientists working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST and the National Institutes of Health NIH have devised and demonstrated a new shape shifting probe about one hundredth as wide as a human ... - Read More

Protein shake-up: Researchers use neutron scattering and supercomputing to study shape of a protein involved in cancer

For living organisms proteins are an essential part of their body system and are needed to thrive In recent years a certain class of proteins has challenged researchers' conventional notion that proteins have a static ... - Read More

Nanoscale worms provide new route to nano-necklace structures

Researchers have developed a novel technique for crafting nanometer scale necklaces based on tiny star like structures threaded onto a polymeric backbone The technique could provide a new way to produce hybrid organic inorganic shish ... - Read More

Mira Supercomputer use to Peer Inside High-Temperature Superconductors

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign UIUC are using supercomputing resources at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility ALCF a DOE Office of Science User Facility to shed light on the mysterious nature ... - Read More

Light-emitting diode tech: Solving molybdenum disulfide's 'thin' problem

The promising new material molybdenum disulfide MoS2 has an inherent issue that's steeped in irony The material's greatest asset its monolayer thickness is also its biggest challenge Monolayer MoS2's ultra thin structure is strong lightweight ... - Read More

Novel plastic could spur new green energy applications, 'artificial muscles'

A plastic used in filters and tubing has an unusual trait It can produce electricity when pulled or pressed This ability has been used in small ways but now researchers are coaxing fibers of the ... - Read More

Simple method of binding pollutants in water

New types of membrane adsorbers remove unwanted particles from water and also at the same time dissolved substances such as the hormonally active bis phenol A or toxic lead To do this researchers at the ... - Read More

Chemists make new silicon-based nanomaterials

Chemists from Brown University have found a way to make new 2 D graphene like semiconducting nanomaterials using an old standby of the semiconductor world silicon In a paper published in the journal Nanoletters the ... - Read More

Magnetic quantum crystals

In experiments with ultracold rubidium atoms MPQ scientists create magnetic quantum crystals made of gigantic Rydberg atoms Materials with a defined crystal structure are a familiar phenomenon in condensed matter physics A crystal exhibits a ... - Read More
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