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News articles about "Structure"

Flexible, stretchable fire-ant rafts

Structure, Structure
What do Jell O toothpaste and floating fire ant rafts have in common All are so called viscoelastic materials meaning that they can both resist flow under stress like honey and they can bounce back ... - Read More

Making a gem of a tiny crystal: Slowly cooled DNA transforms disordered nanoparticles into orderly crystal

Crystal
Nature builds flawless diamonds sapphires and other gems Now a Northwestern University research team is the first to build near perfect single crystals out of nanoparticles and DNA using the same structure favored by nature ... - Read More

Carbon capture and storage: An inside look at a metal-organic framework (MOF) in action

Carbon, carbon
A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal organic framework MOF as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the design of new and improved MOFs for carbon ... - Read More

Steering electrons along chemical bonds

Chemical bonds, Chemical bonds
Electron motions induced by a strong electric field are mapped in space and time with the help of femtosecond x ray pulses An x ray movie of the crystal lithium hydride shows that the electric ... - Read More

New materials with potential biomedical applications

Bisphosphonates are a group of compounds that have become well known and are extensively used as drugs for treating bone related diseases such as osteoporosis New uses for bisphosphonates were discovered as their ability to ... - Read More

X-ray laser can solve protein structures from scratch

X-ray, Protein structures
A study shows for the first time that X ray lasers can be used to generate a complete 3 D model of a protein without any prior knowledge of its structure An international team of ... - Read More

Magnetic nanoparticles could aid heat dissipation in nuclear plant cooling systems and electronics

Cooling systems generally rely on water pumped through pipes to remove unwanted heat Now researchers at MIT and in Australia have found a way of enhancing heat transfer in such systems by using magnetic fields ... - Read More

What water looks like to DNA

Water, Water, Water
A team of biochemists and mathematicians have developed a sophisticated geometric model to predict how a biological molecule will interact with water molecules computing the results up to 20 times faster than other existing approaches ... - Read More

Enhancing battery performance for portable electronics

Battery
The ever increasing market for portable electronic devices such as laptops cell phones and MP3 players has resulted in an equally heavy demand for secondary batteries more commonly known as rechargeable batteries Lithium ion Li ... - Read More

Tiny crystals could revolutionize structural biology studies

For structural biologists the first step in determining a protein's precise molecular structure is often the hardest coaxing the protein to grow into the orderly three dimensional crystals that are the starting material for most ... - Read More

Tiny 'Lego' blocks build Janus nanotubes with potential for new drugs and water purification

Researchers have created tiny protein tubes named after the Roman god Janus which may offer a new way to accurately channel drugs into the body's cells Using a process which they liken to molecular Lego ... - Read More

Dye absorption structure of dye-sensitized solar cells elucidated on molecular level: Success in dye absorption structure control

NIMS researchers elucidated the relationship between the photocurrent and the peculiar changes in the absorption structure occurring in the vicinity of the molecular electrode interface in dye sensitized solar cells The Organic Inorganic Hybrid Photovoltaics ... - Read More

Structure of bacterial nanowire protein hints at secrets of conduction

Structure, Structure
Tiny electrical wires protrude from some bacteria and contribute to rock and dirt formation Researchers studying the protein that makes up one such wire have determined the protein's structure The finding is important to such ... - Read More

Better batteries through biology? Modified viruses boost battery performance

Battery
MIT researchers have found a way to boost lithium air battery performance with the help of modified viruses Lithium air batteries have become a hot research area in recent years They hold the promise of ... - Read More

New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated

cell, cell
For solar panels wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative This goal has sent chemistry materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest to boost the energy absorption ... - Read More

A nano-sized sponge made of electrons

Nano
A new chapter has been opened in our understanding of the chemical activity of nanoparticles says a team of international scientists Using the X ray beams of The European Synchrotron ESRF they showed that the ... - Read More

Controlling liquid crystals: Another tool in the directed assembly toolkit

Crystals, Liquid crystals
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions ... - Read More

Levitating foam liquid under the spell of magnetic fields

No better solution to studying ever draining foams than applying a strong magnetic field to keep the liquid in the foam at a standstill by levitating its water molecules Foams fascinate partly due to their ... - Read More

Tricking algae's biological clock boosts production of drugs, biofuels

biological
Tricking algae's biological clock to remain in its daytime setting can dramatically boost the amount of valuable compounds that these simple marine plants can produce when they are grown in constant light That is the ... - Read More

Build-a-nanoparticle

Nanoparticles which range from 1 100 nanometers in size are roughly the same size as biomolecules such as proteins antibodies and membrane receptors Because of this size similarity nanoparticles can mimic biomolecules and therefore have ... - Read More
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