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News articles about "Structure"

World's most powerful terahertz quantum cascade laser

Cascade
Whether it is diagnostic imaging analysis of unknown substances or ultrafast communication terahertz radiation sources are becoming more and more important At the Vienna University of Technology an important breakthrough has been achieved Terahertz waves ... - Read More

Rare earths in bacteria: Methane-decomposing bacteria from hot springs need the valuable metals to produce energy

Bacteria, bacteria
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all These metals are used in mobile telephones display screens and computers And they are apparently indispensable for some organisms as well A team of ... - Read More

Nanodiamonds made under ambient conditions

Diamond
Instead of having to use tons of crushing force and volcanic heat to forge diamonds researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric ... - Read More

Spinning atoms in light crystals

Crystals
After more than 40 years of intense research experimental physicists still seek to explore the rich behaviour of electrons confined to a two dimensional crystalline structure exposed to large magnetic fields Now a team of ... - Read More

Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances

Yield
Researchers at Oregon State University and the University of Oregon today announced a scientific advance that has eluded researchers for more than 100 years a platform to study and fully understand the aqueous chemistry of ... - Read More

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves

Natural gas, Gas
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy ... - Read More

A cost-effective way toward personalized cancer drugs

cancer
Before a cancer patient embarks on a course of treatment tests can be carried out to establish whether or not the chosen cytostatic agent combination is likely to be effective But the time consuming and ... - Read More

Unique nano carrier to target drug delivery to cancer cells

Nano, cancer, Drug delivery
A unique nanostructure developed by a team of international researchers including those at the University of Cincinnati promises improved all in one detection diagnoses and drug delivery treatment of cancer cells The first of its ... - Read More

Molecular biology: Designer of protein factories exposed

Molecular biology
For 10 years Patrick Cramer and his colleagues at Ludwig Maximilians Universitaet LMU in Munich have probed the structure of RNA polymerase I a crucial cog in the machinery of all cells Now they unveil ... - Read More

Making hydrogen cheaply by imitating bacteria? Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts revealed

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean sustainable energy Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years and now chemists at the University of California Davis and Stanford University ... - Read More

Persuading light to mix it up with matter

Light, Matter, Matter, Light
Researchers at MIT have succeeded in producing and measuring a coupling of photons and electrons on the surface of an unusual type of material called a topological insulator This type of coupling had been predicted ... - Read More

Team uses forest waste to develop cheaper, greener supercapacitors

Researchers report that wood biochar supercapacitors can produce as much power as today's activated carbon supercapacitors at a fraction of the cost and with environmentally friendly byproducts The report appears in the journal Electrochimica Acta ... - Read More

Charged up and ready to connect

An innovative strategy produces positively and negatively charged polymer chains ideal for generating multifunctional coatings Gelatin a well known food ingredient belongs to a class of molecules called polyampholytes that contain both positively and negatively ... - Read More

Making hydrogen cheaply? Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts revealed

Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, Hydrogen, hydrogen
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean sustainable energy Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years and now chemists at the University of California Davis and Stanford University ... - Read More

Learning how to convert heat directly into power: A thermoelectric materials emulator

Heat
Discovered in the 19th century thermoelectric materials have the remarkable property that heating them creates a small electrical current But enhancing this current to a level compatible with the needs of modern technologies has revealed ... - Read More

Crystal Mysteries Spiral Deeper

crystals with one screw dislocation seemed to form stacked hexagonal “islands” while those with two proximal screw dislocations produced a six sided spiral staircase A re examination of these micrographs by Molecular Design Institute scientist ... - Read More

Erratic proteins: New insights into a transport mechanism

Proteins, Proteins, proteins
The outer membrane of bacteria contains many proteins that form tiny pores They are important for absorbing nutrients and transmitting signals into the cell The research group of Sebastian Hiller Professor of Structural Biology at ... - Read More

3-D models of electrical streamers

Medical
Streamers may be great for decorating a child's party but in dielectrics they are the primary origin of electric breakdown They can cause catastrophic damage to electrical equipment harm the surrounding environment and lead to ... - Read More

Lab chemists help find binding site of protein that allows plant growth

Plant, plant
Using a new and super sensitive instrument researchers have discovered where a protein binds to plant cell walls a process that loosens the cell walls and makes it possible for plants to grow Researchers say ... - Read More

'X-shape' not true picture of chromosome structure, new imaging technique reveals

Structure, Structure
A new method for visualising chromosomes is painting a truer picture of their shape which is rarely like the X shaped blob of DNA most of us are familiar with Scientists at the BBSRC funded ... - Read More
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