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News articles about "Structure"

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed

Iron is the most abundant trace element in humans As a cofactor of certain proteins it plays an essential role in oxygen transport and metabolism Due to the major importance of iron in a wide ... - Read More

Crystallography: Towards controlled dislocations

Crystallographic defects or irregularities known as dislocations are often found within crystalline materials Two main types of dislocation exist edge and screw type However dislocations found in real materials tend to be a mix of ... - Read More

How radiotherapy kills cancer cells

Scientists from Queen's University Belfast have been involved in a groundbreaking discovery in the area of experimental physics that has implications for understanding how radiotherapy kills cancer cells among other things Dr Jason Greenwood from ... - Read More

Extremely high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging

For the first time researchers have succeeded to detect a single hydrogen atom using magnetic resonance imaging which signifies a huge increase in the technology's spatial resolution In the future single atom MRI could be ... - Read More

Imaging electric charge propagating along microbial nanowires

The claim by microbiologist Derek Lovley and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst that the microbe Geobacter produces tiny electrical wires called microbial nanowires has been mired in controversy for a decade but the ... - Read More

Crystallizing the DNA nanotechnology dream

DNA has garnered attention for its potential as a programmable material platform that could spawn entire new and revolutionary nanodevices in computer science microscopy biology and more Researchers have been working to master the ability ... - Read More

Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills

In a design that mimics a hard to duplicate texture of starfish shells University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets We call them nanolobes They look like little hot air ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

Journey to the center of the Earth: Geochemist uses helium and lead isotopes to gain insight into makeup of planet’s deep interior

A UC Santa Barbara geochemist studying Samoan volcanoes has found evidence of the planet's early formation still trapped inside the Earth Known as hotspots volcanic island chains such as Samoa can ancient primordial signatures from ... - Read More

Simple and versatile way to build 3-D materials of the future

Researchers in Japan have developed a novel yet simple technique called diffusion driven layer by layer assembly to construct graphene into porous three dimensional 3D structures for applications in devices such as batteries and supercapacitors ... - Read More

Dispelling a misconception about Mg-ion batteries

Lithium Li ion batteries serve us well powering our laptops tablets cell phones and a host of other gadgets and devices However for future automotive applications we will need rechargeable batteries with significant increases in ... - Read More

Discarded cigarette ashes could go to good use -- removing arsenic from water

Arsenic a well known poison can be taken out of drinking water using sophisticated treatment methods But in places that lack the equipment or technical know how required to remove it it still laces drinking ... - Read More

Precision printing: Unique capabilities of 3-D printing revealed

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated an additive manufacturing method to control the structure and properties of metal components with precision unmatched by conventional manufacturing processes Ryan Dehoff staff ... - Read More

Key moment mapped in assembly of DNA-splitting molecular machine

The proteins that drive DNA replication the force behind cellular growth and reproduction are some of the most complex machines on Earth The multistep replication process involves hundreds of atomic scale moving parts that rapidly ... - Read More

Beyond LEDs: Brighter, new energy-saving flat panel lights based on carbon nanotubes

Even as the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics has enshrined light emitting diodes LEDs as the single most significant and disruptive energy efficient lighting solution of today scientists around the world continue unabated to search ... - Read More

Scientists create new protein-based material with some nerve

Scientists at the University of California Berkeley have taken proteins from nerve cells and used them to create a smart material that is extremely sensitive to its environment This marriage of materials science and biology ... - Read More

Special chromosomal structures control key genes

that is filled with roughly three meters of DNA As the instructions for all cell processes the DNA must be accessible to the cell’s transcription machinery yet be compressed tightly enough to fit inside the ... - Read More

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Electrically conductive plastics promising for batteries, transparent solar cells

An emerging class of electrically conductive plastics called radical polymers may bring low cost transparent solar cells flexible and lightweight batteries and ultrathin antistatic coatings for consumer electronics and aircraft Researchers have established the solid ... - Read More

DNA nano-foundries cast custom-shaped metal nanoparticles

Researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have unveiled a new method to form tiny 3D metal nanoparticles in prescribed shapes and dimensions using DNA Nature's building block as a ... - Read More
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