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News articles about "Steel"

Nuclear reactor fuel behavior during a severe event

A new discovery about the atomic structure of uranium dioxide will help scientists select the best computational model to simulate severe nuclear reactor accidents Using the Advanced Photon Source APS a Department of Energy DOE ... - Read More

Atomic trigger shatters mystery of how glass deforms

Throw a rock through a window made of silica glass and the brittle insulating oxide pane shatters But whack a golf ball with a club made of metallic glass a resilient conductor that looks like ... - Read More

More efficient transformer materials

Almost every electronic device contains a transformer An important material used in their construction is electrical steel Researchers have found a way to improve the performance of electrical steel and manufacture it more efficiently using ... - Read More

Low-carbon energy future is clean, feasible

A future where electricity comes mostly from low carbon sources is not only feasible in terms of material demand but will significantly reduce air pollution a study published in the 6 October Proceedings of the ... - Read More

New drug-delivery capsule may replace injections

Given a choice most patients would prefer to take a drug orally instead of getting an injection Unfortunately many drugs especially those made from large proteins cannot be given as a pill because they get ... - Read More

Environmental costs, health risks, and benefits of fracking examined

A strange thing happened on the way to dealing with climate change Advances in hydraulic fracturing put trillions of dollars' worth of previously unreachable oil and natural gas within humanity's grasp The environmental costs and ... - Read More

More efficient fuel cells for vehicles: Angling chromium to let oxygen through

Researchers have been trying to increase the efficiency of solid oxide fuel cells by lowering the temperatures at which they run More efficient fuel cells might gain wider use in vehicles or as quiet pollution ... - Read More

Titania-based material holds promise as new insulator for superconductors

Research from North Carolina State University shows that a type of modified titania or titanium dioxide holds promise as an electrical insulator for superconducting magnets allowing heat to dissipate while preserving the electrical paths along ... - Read More

Metallic alloy is tough and ductile at cryogenic temperatures

A new concept in metallic alloy design called high‐entropy alloys has yielded a multiple element material that not only tests out as one of the toughest on record but unlike most materials the toughness as ... - Read More

Solid-State Chemistry

Released 1 Aug 2014 9 00 AM EDTEmbargo expired 7 Aug 2014 11 00 AM EDTSource Newsroom American Institute of Physics AIP more news from this source Contact Information Available for logged in reporters only ... - Read More

Bottling up sound waves: Acoustic bottle beams hold promise for imaging, cloaking, levitation and more

There's a new wave of sound on the horizon carrying with it a broad scope of tantalizing potential applications including advanced ultrasonic imaging and therapy and acoustic cloaking levitation and particle manipulation Researchers with the ... - Read More

Graphene 'droplets' open up possibilities in drug delivery, disease detection

A chance discovery about the 'wonder material' graphene already exciting scientists because of its potential uses in electronics energy storage and energy generation takes it a step closer to being used in medicine and human ... - Read More

Discovery is key to metal wear in sliding parts

Researchers have discovered a previously unknown mechanism for wear in metals a swirling fluid like microscopic behavior in a solid piece of metal sliding over another The findings could be used to improve the durability ... - Read More

Efficient structures help build a sustainable future

When envisioning a new structure engineers often have to balance design choices against the environmental impact of materials used It is estimated that 40 to 50 percent of greenhouse gases are produced by the construction ... - Read More

Inspired by nature, researchers create tougher metal materials

Drawing inspiration from the structure of bones and bamboo researchers have found that by gradually changing the internal structure of metals they can make stronger tougher materials that can be customized for a wide variety ... - Read More

Green planning needed to maintain city buildings

Green spaces in towns and cities need extra consideration as they may be damaging buildings in the area according to new research from the Universities of Southampton and Surrey When organic chemicals from trees and ... - Read More

Green spaces in cities may increase erosion of building materials such as stone, concrete and steel

Green spaces in towns and cities need extra consideration as they may be damaging buildings in the area according to new research from the Universities of Southampton and Surrey When organic chemicals from trees and ... - Read More

Weave a cell phone into your shirt? Engineers envision an electronic switch just three atoms thick

Computer simulation shows how to make a crystal that would toggle like a light switch between conductive and non conductive structures this could lead to flexible electronic materials and enable a cell phone to be ... - Read More

Effect of Bilbao atmosphere on Chillida's sculptures

Weathering steel is a steel specially designed to resist exposure to the open air Yet in Bilbao some of the sculptures produced in this material like Eduardo Chillida's Besarkada XI and Begirari IV have not ... - Read More

Scientists Pinpoint the Creeping Nanocrystals Behind Lithium-Ion Battery Degradation

Batteries do not age gracefully The lithium ions that power portable electronics cause lingering structural damage with each cycle of charge and discharge making devices from smartphones to tablets tick toward zero faster and faster ... - Read More
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