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News articles about "Spectrum"

Cosmic rays: Galactic knee and extragalactic ankle

Cosmic rays
It is obvious from the data of the KASCADE Grande experiment at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT that the so called knee of the cosmic rays a bend in the energy spectrum at high ... - Read More

New method for tailoring optical processors

Optical, Optical
Rice University scientists have unveiled a robust new method for arranging metal nanoparticles in geometric patterns that can act as optical processors that transform incoming light signals into output of a different color The breakthrough ... - Read More

Artificial forest for solar water-splitting: First fully integrated artificial photosynthesis nanosystem

Photosynthesis
In the wake of the sobering news that atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least three million years an important advance in the race to develop carbon neutral renewable energy ... - Read More

New insights into how materials transfer heat could lead to improved electronics

U of T Engineering researchers working with colleagues from Carnegie Mellon University have published new insights into how materials transfer heat which could lead eventually to smaller more powerful electronic devices Integrated circuits and other ... - Read More

Chemists demonstrate nanoscale alloys so bright they could have potential medical applications

Medical, Applications, Alloys
Alloys like bronze and steel have been transformational for centuries yielding top of the line machines necessary for industry As scientists move toward nanotechnology however the focus has shifted toward creating alloys at the nanometer ... - Read More

Invisible pattern can put a stop to counterfeit designer clothing

molecules
There is now a way to differentiate between designer clothing and knockoffs Chalmers researcher Christian Müller has produced a thread with unique optical properties which can be used to create invisible patterns in fabrics that ... - Read More

Dual-color lasers could lead to cheap and efficient LED lighting

A new semiconductor device capable of emitting two distinct colours has been created by a group of researchers in the US potentially opening up the possibility of using light emitting diodes LEDs universally for cheap ... - Read More

Researchers design nanometer-scale material that can speed up, squeeze light

Nanometer, Nanometer, Nanometer
In a process one researcher compares to squeezing an elephant through a pinhole researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology have designed a way to engineer atoms capable of funneling light through ultra small ... - Read More

Researchers devise method for enhancing CEST MRI

Researchers at New York University and NYU Langone Medical Center have created a novel way to enhance MRI by reducing interference from large macromolecules that can often obscure images generated by current chemical exchange saturation ... - Read More

New material approach should increase solar cell efficiency

New material
When designing next generation solar energy conversion systems we must first develop ways to more efficiently utilize the solar spectrum explained Lane Martin whose research group has done just that Share This See Also Materials ... - Read More

Nanowires grown on graphene have surprising structure

Structure, Structure
When a team of University of Illinois engineers set out to grow nanowires of a compound semiconductor on top of a sheet of graphene they did not expect to discover a new paradigm of epitaxy ... - Read More

The Human Immune System in Space

When the space shuttle Atlantis touched down in the summer of 2011 at Cape Canaveral closing the book on the U S shuttle program a team of U S Army researchers stood at the ready ... - Read More

Revolutionary new device joins world of smart electronics: New flexible, transparent, photosensitive device

Smart electronics are taking the world by storm From techno textiles to transparent electronic displays the world of intelligent technology is growing fast and a revolutionary new device has just been added to its ranks ... - Read More

Technique unlocks design principles of quantum biology

Quantum, Quantum
University of Chicago researchers have created a synthetic compound that mimics the complex quantum dynamics observed in photosynthesis and may enable fundamentally new routes to creating solar energy technologies Engineering quantum effects into synthetic light ... - Read More

Molecular rings mystery solved after 20 years

Molecular, molecular
Although the double benzene molecule tried to reveal its structure in experiments in 1993 chemists at the time were unable to find an explanation for the spectral peaks they saw Now 20 years later Nijmegen ... - Read More

Diamond as a building material for optical circuits

Building, Diamond
The application of light for information processing opens up a multitude of possibilities However to be able to adequately use photons in circuits and sensors materials need to have particular optical and mechanical properties Researchers ... - Read More

Major Symposium on Arsenic Contamination in Food and Water Supplies

manufacturers stopped adding it to common household products ” Other speakers in the symposium focused on the ongoing problem of arsenic contamination in the 21st century Arsenic occurs naturally in elevated concentrations in the soil ... - Read More

American Chemical Society's Highest Honor Goes to Pioneer of "Lego-Like" Molecules

Peter J Stang Ph D distinguished professor of chemistry at the University of Utah and editor of the Journal of the American Chemical Society JACS has been named winner of the 2013 Priestley Medal by ... - Read More

Engineers enable 'bulk' silicon to emit visible light for the first time

Time, Silicon
Electronic computing speeds are brushing up against limits imposed by the laws of physics Photonic computing where photons replace comparatively slow electrons in representing information could surpass those limitations but the components of such computers ... - Read More

Breakthrough could lead to cheaper, more sustainable chemical production

Chemical, Chemical, chemical, chemical
A key advance newly reported by chemists from Brown and Yale Universities could lead to a cheaper and more sustainable way to make acrylate an important commodity chemical used to make materials from polyester fabrics ... - Read More
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